Precision Therapeutics, Inc.

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, DC 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2017.

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM                    TO

 

COMMISSION FILE NUMBER: 001-36790

 

PRECISION THERAPEUTICS INC.

(f/k/a SKYLINE MEDICAL INC.)

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   33-1007393
(State or other jurisdiction   (IRS Employer
of incorporation or organization)   Identification No.)

 

2915 Commers Drive, Suite 900

Eagan, Minnesota 55121

(Address and Zip Code of principal executive offices)

 

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code): (651) 389-4800

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

 

Common Stock par value $0.01 per share   NASDAQ Capital Market
     

 

 

Securities registered under Section 12(g) of the Act: None.

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ☐ No ☒

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ☐ No ☒

 

Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes ☒ No ☐

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosures of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  

Large accelerated filer ☐ Accelerated filer ☐
Non-accelerated filer ☐  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company) Smaller reporting company x
  Emerging growth company ☐  

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes ☐ No ☒.

 

State the aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last business day of the registrants most recently completed second fiscal quarter: $9,098,459.16 as of June 30, 2017, based upon 6,189,428 shares at $1.47 per share as reported on NASDAQ Capital Market.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

APPLICABLE ONLY TO REGISTRANTS INVOLVED IN BANKRUPTCY

PROCEEDINGS DURING THE PRECEDING FIVE YEARS:

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Section 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court.   ☐ Yes ☐ No

 

(APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE REGISTRANTS)

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock, as of the last practicable date: As of March 19, 2018, the registrant had 11,804,073 shares of common stock, par value $.01 per share outstanding, adjusted for a 1-for-25 reverse stock split effective October 27, 2016 as described in Note 1 to the Condensed Financial Statements under “Nature of Operations and Continuation of Operations”. In this report all numbers of shares and per share amounts, as appropriate, have been restated to reflect the reverse stock split.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

  Page
PART I  
   
ITEM 1. BUSINESS 5
   
EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE REGISTRANT 19
   
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS 21
   
ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS 25
   
ITEM 2. PROPERTIES 26
   
ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS 26
   
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES 26
   
PART II  
   
ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES 26
   
ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA 28
   
ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS 28
   
ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK 37
   
ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA 37
   
ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE 37
   
ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES. 37
   
ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION 38
   
PART III  
   
ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE 38
   
ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION 41
   
ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS 44
   
ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE 46
   
ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES 46
   
PART IV  
   
ITEM 15. EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES 47
   
SIGNATURES 48

 

 

 

PART I

 

ITEM 1. BUSINESS.

 

Overview

 

We are a healthcare products and services company that is expanding its business to take advantage of emerging areas of the dynamic healthcare market through sales of its products, through its partnership with Helomics Holding Corporation (“Helomics”) and through pursuit of other strategic relationships to build value. Our business highlights include:

 

  We produce and sell the STREAMWAY®System, which we consider to be the best solution to solve the issue of medical waste disposal, with a cost-effective and environmentally friendly technology which provides infection control associated with toxic waste management. We have historically focused on growing the market for this product in the U.S. and are developing international markets.
  We have acquired 25% of the capital stock of Helomics, a pioneering Contract Research Organization (“CRO”) Services company that bridges two significant areas of the healthcare industry: “Precision Medicine” and “Big Data”. We have identified the CRO market as a burgeoning sector with significant growth potential. We are also partnering with Helomics in creating joint venture arrangements.
  In February 2018, we announced that we had formed a wholly-owned subsidiary, TumorGenesis Inc., to develop the next generation, patient derived, (“PDx”) tumor models for precision cancer therapy and drug development. We formed TumorGenesis to develop a new, rapid approach to growing tumors in the laboratory, which essentially “fools” the cancer cells into thinking they are still growing inside the patient. This approach should provide a much more relevant model of the patient tumor that may be used for testing of drugs for personalized therapy or for the development of new drugs. Testing of the TumorGenesis PDx tumors will take place in collaboration with Helomics. We have entered into licensing agreements with three medical technology companies in that regard.
  Through our Skyline-Helomics collaboration, we have also partnered with GLG Pharma, a biotechnology company focused on precision medicine, to add a collection method to the STREAMWAY System, using GLG’s Capture, Culture and Screening capabilities. We also continue to explore other opportunities to partner with revenue-generating companies and create near-term and long-term value for our shareholders.

 

Corporate History

 

The Company was originally incorporated on April 23, 2002 in Minnesota as BioDrain Medical, Inc. Effective August 6, 2013, the Company changed its name to Skyline Medical Inc. Pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger effective December 16, 2013, the Company merged with and into a Delaware corporation with the same name that was its wholly-owned subsidiary, with such Delaware Corporation as the surviving corporation of the merger. On August 31, 2015, the Company completed a successful offering and concurrent uplisting to The NASDAQ Capital Market. On February 1, 2018, we filed with the Secretary of State of Delaware a Certificate of Amendment to our Certificate of Incorporation to change our corporate name from Skyline Medical Inc. to Precision Therapeutics Inc., effective February 1, 2018. Because of this change, our common stock trades under the new ticker symbol “AIPT,” effective February 2, 2018. Skyline Medical (“Skyline”) remains as a division of Precision Therapeutics Inc. and principally manufactures the STREAMWAY System.

 

Our address is 2915 Commers Drive, Suite 900, Eagan, Minnesota 55121. Our telephone number is 651-389-4800, and our website address is www.skylinemedical.com. Information on our website is not included or incorporated by reference in this report.

 

STREAMWAY System Business

 

Overview

 

5

We manufacture an environmentally conscious system for the collection and disposal of infectious fluids resulting from surgical and such other medical procedures. We have been granted patents in the United States, Canada and Europe, these consist for the STREAMWAY System. We distribute our products to medical facilities where bodily and irrigation fluids produced during medical procedures must be contained, measured, documented and disposed. Our products minimize the exposure potential to the healthcare workers who handle such fluids. Our goal is to create products that dramatically reduce staff exposure without significant changes to established operative procedures, historically a major industry stumbling block to innovation and product introduction. In addition to simplifying the handling of these fluids, we believe our technologies provide cost savings to facilities over the aggregate costs incurred today using the traditional canister method of collection, neutralization, and disposal. We sell our products through an experienced in-house sales force. The Company has one VP of Sales, one VP of International Sales, one in-house sales person and five regional sales managers on staff as of March 2018. We have three independent distributors in the United States, Canada and Europe, initially. We incorporated Skyline Medical Europe with an office in Belgium in February 2018 and are hiring an in-house salesperson to cover Germany. We have contracted with two General Purchasing Organizations in the United States, Vizient and Intalere, providing customer exposure to more than 10,000 hospitals. The Company has contracted with Alliant Enterprises, LLC, a Service Disabled Veterans Owned Small Business supplier to the federal government. We have executed contracts with three international distributors: Quadromed, a Canadian distributor; MediBridge Sarl, a Swiss distributor; and Device Technologies Australia PTY LTD, is an Australian distributor representing us throughout Australia, New Zealand, Fiji and the Pacific Islands.

 

The STREAMWAY System is a wall-mounted fully automated system that disposes an unlimited amount of suction fluid providing uninterrupted performance for physicians while virtually eliminating healthcare workers’ exposure to potentially-infectious fluids collected during surgical and other patient procedures. The system also provides an innovative way to dispose of ascites and pleural fluid with no evac bottles, suction canisters, transport or risk of exposure. The Company also manufactures and sells two disposable products required for the operation: a bifurcated dual port procedure filter with tissue trap and a single use bottle of cleaning solution. Both items are utilized on a single procedure basis and must be discarded after use.

 

Skyline’s “virtually hands free direct-to-drain” technology (a) significantly reduces the risk of healthcare worker exposure to these infectious fluids by replacing canisters, (b) further reduces the risk of worker exposure when compared to powered canister technology that requires transport to and from the operating room, (c) reduces the cost per procedure for handling these fluids, and (d) enhances the surgical team’s ability to collect data to accurately assess the patient’s status during and after procedures.

 

Skyline believes that the STREAMWAY System is unique to the industry in that it allows continuous suction to the procedural field and provides unlimited capacity to the user so no procedure will ever have to be interrupted to change canisters. It is wall mounted and takes up no valuable operating room space. The System is intended to replace the manual process of collecting fluids in canisters and transporting and dumping in sinks outside of the operating room still being used by many hospitals and surgical centers.

 

Skyline believes its products provide substantial cost savings and improvements in safety in facilities that still use manual processes. In cases where healthcare organizations re-use canisters, the System eliminates the need for cleaning of those canisters. The System reduces safety issues facing healthcare workers, i.e. the cost of the handling process, and the amount of infectious waste generated versus the traditional method of disposing of canisters. The System is fully-automated, does not require transport to and from the operating room and eliminates any canister that requires emptying. It is positioned to penetrate its market segment due to its virtually hands-free operation, simple design, ease of use, continuous suction, continuous flow, unlimited capacity and efficiency in removal of infectious waste with minimal exposure of healthcare personnel to potentially infectious material.

 

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Industry and Market Analysis

 

Infectious and Bio-hazardous Waste Management

 

There has long been recognition of the collective potential for ill effects to healthcare workers from exposure to infectious/bio-hazardous materials. Federal and state regulatory agencies have issued mandatory guidelines for the control of such materials, and in particular, bloodborne pathogens. OSHA’s Bloodborne Pathogens Standard 29 CFR 1910.1030 requires employers to adopt engineering and work practice controls that would eliminate or minimize employee exposure from hazards associated with bloodborne pathogens. The medical device industry has responded to this need by developing various products and technologies to limit exposure or to alert workers to potential exposure.

 

The presence of infectious materials is most prevalent in the surgical suite and post-operative care units where often, large amounts of bodily fluids, including blood, bodily and irrigation fluids are continuously removed from the patient during the surgical procedure. Surgical teams and post-operative care personnel may be exposed to these potentially serious hazards during the procedure via direct contact of blood materials or more indirectly via splash and spray. One STREAMWAY System user stated “While working at a different facility, contaminated fluid splashed in my eye while changing a full suction canister. The patient was HIV-positive, so I had to be tested for the next 18 months. Luckily, I was not infected. But no one should have to go through that.”

 

According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (“OSHA”), workers in many different occupations are at risk of exposure to bloodborne pathogens, including Hepatitis B and C, and HIV/AIDS. First aid team members, housekeeping personnel, nurses and other healthcare providers are examples of workers who may be at risk of exposure.

 

OSHA issued a Bloodborne Pathogens Standard to protect workers from this risk. In 2001, in response to the Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act, OSHA revised the Bloodborne Pathogens Standard. The revised standard clarifies (and emphasizes) the need for employers to select safer needle devices and to involve employees in identifying and choosing these devices. The revised standard also calls for the use of “automated controls” as it pertains to the minimization of healthcare exposure to bloodborne pathogens. Additionally, employers are required to have an exposure control plan that includes universal precautions to be observed to prevent contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials, such as implementing work practice controls, requiring personal protective equipment and regulating waste and waste containment. The exposure control plan is required to be reviewed and updated annually to reflect new or modified tasks and procedures, which affect occupational exposure and to reflect changes in technology that eliminate or reduce exposure to bloodborne pathogens.

 

According to the American Hospital Association’s (AHA) Hospital Statistics, 2013 edition, America’s hospitals performed approximately 86 million surgeries. This number does not include the many procedures performed at surgery centers across the country. Based on the number of surgical procedures per 100,000 people published by The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery the number of surgeries in the United States, using 2016 census data was 98,634,510 (almost 100,000,000). Using the 2018 census projected population number the US would see approximately 100 million surgical procedures.

 

The majority of these procedures produce potentially infectious materials that must be disposed with the lowest possible risk of cross-contamination to healthcare workers. Current standards of care allow for these fluids to be retained in canisters, located in the operating room where they can be monitored throughout the surgical procedure. Once the procedure is complete these canisters and their contents are disposed using a variety of methods all of which include manual handling and result in a heightened risk to healthcare workers for exposure to their contents.

 

A study by the Lewin Group, prepared for the Health Industry Group Purchasing Association in April 2007, reports that infectious fluid waste accounts for more than 75% of U.S. hospitals biohazard disposal costs. The study also includes findings from a bulletin published by the University of Minnesota’s Technical Assistance Program. “A vacuum system that uses reusable canisters or empties directly into the sanitary sewer can help a facility cut its infectious waste volume, and save money on labor, disposal and canister purchase costs.” The Minnesota’s Technical Assistance Program bulletin also estimated that, in a typical hospital, “. . . $75,000 would be saved annually in suction canister purchase, management and disposal cost if a canister-free vacuum system was installed.”

 

We expect the hospital surgery market to continue to increase due to population growth, the aging of the population, expansion of surgical procedures to new areas, for example, use of the endoscope, which requires more fluid management, and new medical technology.

 

There are approximately 40,000 operating rooms and surgical centers in the U.S. (AHA, Hospital Statistics, 2008). The hospital market has typically been somewhat independent of the U.S. economy; therefore, we believe that our targeted market is not cyclical, and the demand for our products will not be heavily dependent on the state of the economy. We benefit by having our products address both the procedure market of nearly 51.6 million inpatient procedures (CDC, National Hospital Discharge Survey: 2010 table) as well as the hospital operating room market (approximately 40,000 operating rooms).

 

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Current Techniques of Collecting Infectious Fluids

 

Typically, during the course of the procedure, fluids are continuously removed from the surgical site via wall suction and tubing and collected in large canisters (1,500 - 3,000 milliliters (ml) capacity or 1.5 – 3.0 liters) adjacent to the surgical table.

 

These canisters, made of glass or high impact plastic, have graduated markers on them allowing the surgical team to make estimates of fluid loss in the patient both intra-operatively as well as for post-operative documentation.  Fluid contents are retained in the canisters until the procedure is completed or until the canister is full and needs to be removed.  During the procedure, the surgical team routinely monitors fluid loss using the measurement calibrations on the canister and by comparing these fluid volumes to quantities of saline fluid introduced to provide irrigation of tissue for enhanced visualization and to prevent drying of exposed tissues.  After the procedure is completed, the fluids contained in the canisters are measured and a calculation of total blood loss is determined.  This is done to ensure no excess fluids of any type remain within the body cavity or that no excessive blood loss has occurred, both circumstances that may place the patient at an increased risk post-operatively.

 

Once total blood loss has been calculated, the healthcare personnel must dispose of the fluids.  This is typically done by manually transporting the fluids from the operating room to a waste station and directly pouring the material into a sink that drains to the sanitary sewer where it is subsequently treated by the local waste management facility, a process that exposes the healthcare worker to the most risk for direct contact or splash exposure.  Once emptied these canisters are placed in large, red pigmented, trash bags and disposed of as infectious waste – a process commonly referred to as “red-bagging.”

 

Alternatively, the canisters may be opened in the operating room and a gel-forming powder is poured into the canister, rendering the material gelatinous.  These gelled canisters are then red-bagged in their entirety and removed to a bio-hazardous/infectious holding area for disposal.  In larger facilities the canisters, whether pre-treated with gel or not, are often removed to large carts and transported to a separate special handling area where they are processed and prepared for disposal.  Material that has been red-bagged is disposed of separately, and more expensively, from other medical and non-medical waste by companies specializing in that method of disposal.

 

An even more cumbersome and dangerous means of fluid removal centers around a product called an evacuated glass container, often referred to as an evac bottle. These bottles have long been the accepted practice for fluid removal in procedure rooms where paracentesis and thoracentesis procedures are performed. The bottles have a 1-liter capacity and 5-8 of them are used on average for a large volume paracentesis. Procedure costs for the glass bottles alone can climb to $50 or $60. Furthermore, the added weight of the glass and fluid makes glass bottles one of the most expensive collections options on the market. While the glass make of the bottles makes these containers one of the most dangerous to handle.  

 

Although all of these protection and disposal techniques are helpful, they represent a piecemeal approach to the problem of safely disposing of infectious fluids and fall short of providing adequate protection for the healthcare workers exposed to infectious waste.  A major spill of fluid from a canister, whether by direct contact as a result of leakage or breakage, splash associated with the opening of the canister lid to add gel, while pouring liquid contents into a hopper, or during the disposal process, is cause for concern of acute exposure to human blood components–one of the most serious risks any healthcare worker faces in the performance of his or her job.  Once a spill occurs, the entire area must be cleaned and disinfected and the exposed worker faces a potential of infection from bloodborne pathogens.  These pathogens include, but are not limited to, Hepatitis B and C, HIV/AIDS, HPV, and other infectious agents.  Given the current legal liability environment the hospital, unable to identify at-risk patients due to concerns over patient rights and confidentiality, must treat every exposure incident as a potentially infectious incident and treat the exposed employee according to a specific protocol that is both costly to the facility and stressful to the affected employee and his or her co-workers.  In cases of possible exposure to communicable disease, the employee could be placed on paid administrative leave, frequently involving worker’s compensation, and additional workers must be assigned to cover the affected employee’s responsibilities.  The facility bears the cost of both the loss of the affected worker and the replacement healthcare worker in addition to any ongoing health screening and testing of the affected worker to confirm if any disease has been contracted from the exposure incident.   Canisters are the most prevalent means of collecting and disposing of infectious fluids in hospitals today.  Traditional, non-powered canisters and related suction and fluid disposable products are exempt and do not require FDA clearance.  

 

We believe that our virtually hands free direct-to-drain technology will (a) significantly reduce the risk of healthcare worker exposure to these infectious fluids by replacing canisters, (b) further reduce the risk of worker exposure when compared to powered canister technology that requires transport to and from the operating room, (c) reduce the cost per procedure for handling these fluids, and (d) enhance the surgical team’s ability to collect data to accurately assess the patient’s status during and after procedures.

 

In addition to the traditional canister method of waste fluid disposal, several new powered medical devices have been developed which address some of the deficiencies described above.  MD Technologies, Inc., Dornoch Medical Systems, Inc. (Zimmer), and Stryker Instruments have all developed systems that provide for disposal into the sanitary sewer without pouring the infectious fluids directly through a hopper disposal or using expensive gel powders and most are sold with 510(k) concurrence from the FDA.  Most of these competing products continue to utilize some variant on the existing canister technology, and while not directly addressing the canister, most have been successful in eliminating the need for expensive gel and its associated handling and disposal costs.  Our existing competitors that already have products on the market have a clear competitive advantage over us in terms of brand recognition and market exposure.   In addition, the aforementioned companies have extensive marketing and development budgets that could overpower an early stage company like ours. We believe that Stryker Instruments has the dominant market share position.  

 

Products

 

The STREAMWAY Fluid Waste Management System (“System”) – Direct-to-Drain Medical Fluid Disposal

 

The STREAMWAY System suctions surgical waste fluid from the patient using standard surgical tubing. The waste fluid passes through our proprietary disposable filters and into our device. The STREAMWAY System maintains continuous suction to the procedural field at all times. A simple, easy to use Human Interface Display screen guides the user through the simple set up process, ensuring that a safe vacuum level is identified and set by the user for each procedure and additionally guides them through the cleaning process.

 

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The STREAMWAY System is unique to our industry in that it allows for continuous suction to the surgical field and provides unlimited capacity to the user so no surgical procedure will ever have to be interrupted to change canisters. It is wall mounted and takes up no valuable operating room space.

 

The System will replace the manual process of collecting fluids in canisters and transporting and dumping in sinks outside of the operating room that is still being used by many hospitals and surgical centers. The manual process, involving canisters, requires that the operating room personnel open the canisters that contain waste fluid, often several liters, at the end of the surgical procedure and either add a solidifying agent or empty the canisters in the hospital drain system. Some facilities require that used canisters be cleaned by staff and reused. It is during these procedures that there is increased potential for contact with the waste fluid through splashing or spills. The System eliminates the use of canisters and these cleaning and disposal steps by collecting the waste fluid in the internal collection chamber and automatically disposing of the fluid with no handling by personnel.  Each procedure requires the use of a disposable filter. At the end of each procedure, a proprietary cleaning solution is attached to the System and an automatic cleaning cycle ensues, making the device ready for the next procedure.  The cleaning solution bottle and its contents are used to clean the internal fluid pathway in the device to which personnel have no exposure.  During the cleaning cycle, the cleaning solution is pulled from the bottle into the device, and then disposed in the same manner as the waste fluid from the medical procedure.  At the end of the cleaning cycle, the bottle is discarded and is 100% recyclable. The filter and any suction tubing used during the procedure must be disposed of in the same manner as suction tubing used with the canister system.  Handling of this tubing does present the potential for personnel exposure but that potential is minimal.

 

We believe our product provides substantial cost savings and improvements in safety in facilities that still use manual processes. In cases where healthcare organizations re-use canisters, the System eliminates the need for cleaning of canisters for re-use.  The System reduces the safety issues facing operating room nurses, the cost of the handling process, and the amount of infectious waste generated when the traditional method of disposing of canisters is used.  The System is fully automated, does not require transport to and from the operating room and eliminates any canister that requires emptying.  We believe it is positioned to penetrate its market segment due to its virtually hands-free operation, simple design, ease of use, continuous suction, continuous flow, unlimited capacity and efficiency in removal of infectious waste with minimal exposure of operating room personnel to potentially infectious material.

  

In contrast to competitive products, the wall-mounted System does not take up any operating room floor space and it does not require the use of any external canisters or handling by operating room personnel.  It does require a dedicated system in each operating room where it is to be used.  The System is the only known direct-to-drain system that is wall-mounted and designed to collect, measure and dispose of, surgical waste.   Other systems on the market are portable, meaning that they are rolled to the bedside for the surgical case and then rolled to a cleaning area, after the surgery is complete, and use canisters, which still require processing or require a secondary device (such as a docking station) to dispose of the fluid in the sanitary sewer after it has been collected.  They are essentially powered canisters.  A comparison of the key features of the devices currently marketed and the System is presented in the table below.

 

Key Feature Comparison
Feature   Skyline
Medical
Inc.
  Stryker
Instruments
  DeRoyal   Dornoch
Medical
Systems,
Inc.
(Zimmer)
  MD
Technologies,
Inc.
Portable to Bedside vs. Fixed Installation   Fixed   Portable   Fixed   Portable   Fixed
Uses Canisters   No   Yes   Yes   Yes   No
Secondary Installed Device Required for Fluid Disposal   No   Yes   Yes   Yes   No
Numeric Fluid Volume Measurement   Yes   Yes   No   Yes   Optional
Unlimited Fluid Capacity   Yes   No   No   No   Yes
Continuous, Uninterrupted Vacuum   Yes   No   No   No   No
Installation Requirements :                    
Water   No   Yes   Yes   Yes   No
Sewer   Yes   Yes   Yes   Yes   Yes
Vacuum   Yes   No   No   No   Yes

 

The System may be installed on or in the wall during new construction or renovation or installed in a current operating room by connecting the device to the hospital’s existing sanitary sewer drain and wall suction systems.  With new construction or renovation, the system will be placed in the wall and the incremental costs are minimal, limited to connectors to the hospital drain and suction systems (which systems are already required in an operating room), the construction of a frame to hold the System in position, and minimal labor.  The fluid collection chamber is internal to the device unit and requires no separate installation.  Based upon our consultations with several architects, we believe that there is no appreciable incremental expense in planning for the System during construction.

 

For on-the-wall installation in a current operating room, the location of the System may be chosen based on proximity to the existing hospital drain and suction systems.  Installation will require access to those systems through the wall and connection to the systems in a manner similar to that for within-the-wall installation.  The System is mounted on the wall using a mounting bracket supplied with the system and standard stud or drywall attachments.

 

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Once installed, the System has inflow ports positioned on the front of the device that effectively replace the current wall suction ports most commonly used to remove fluids during surgery.  Additionally, a disposable external filter, which is provided as part of our disposable cleaning kit, allows for expansion to additional inflow suction ports by utilizing one or two dual port filters.

 

Although the System is directly connected to the sanitary sewer, helping to reduce potential exposure to infectious fluids, it is possible that installation of the system will temporarily cause inconvenience and lost productivity as the operating rooms will need to be taken off line temporarily.

 

One of the current techniques utilized by Stryker, Cardinal Health, and other smaller companies typically utilizes two to eight canisters positioned on the floor or on elaborate rolling containers with tubing connected to the hospital suction system and to the operative field.  Once the waste fluids are collected, they must be transported out of the operating room and disposed of using various methods.  These systems take up floor space in and around the operating room and require additional handling by hospital personnel, thereby increasing the risk of exposure to infectious waste fluids generated by the operating room procedure.  Handling infectious waste in this manner is also more costly.

 

A summary of the features of the wall unit include:

 

  · Minimal Human Interaction.  The wall-mounted System provides a small internal reservoir that keeps surgical waste isolated from medical personnel and disposes the medical waste directly into the hospital sanitary sewer with minimal medical personnel interaction.  This minimal interaction is facilitated by the automated electronic controls and computerized LCD touch-screen allowing for simple and safe single touch operation of the device.

 

  · Fluid Measurement.  The STREAMWAY System volume measurement allows for in-process, accurate measurement of blood/saline suctioned during the operative procedure, and eliminates much of the estimation of fluid loss currently practiced in the operating room.  This is particularly important in minimally invasive surgical procedures, where accounting for all fluids, including saline added for the procedure, is vital to the operation.  The physician and nursing team can also view in real time the color of the extracted or evacuated fluid through the viewing window on the system.

 

  · Cleaning Solution.  A bottle of cleaning solution, proprietary to and sold by us, is used for the automated cleaning cycle at the conclusion of each procedure and prepares the STREAMWAY System for the next use, reducing operating room turnover time.  The cleaning solution is intended to clean the internal tubing, pathways, and chamber within the system. The cleaning solution bottle is easily attached to the STREAMWAY System by inserting the bottle into the mount located on the front of the unit and inverting the bottle. The automated cleaning process takes less than five minutes and requires minimal staff intervention.  The disposable cleaning solution bottle collapses at the end of the cleaning cycle rendering it unusable; therefore, it cannot be refilled with any other solution. The instructions for use clearly state that our cleaning solution, and only our cleaning solution, must be used with the STREAMWAY System following each surgical case.  The warranty is voided if any other solution is used.
       
  · Procedure Filters. One or two filters, depending on the type of procedure, will be used for every surgical procedure. The filter has been developed by us, is proprietary to the STREAMWAY System and is only sold by us. The filter is a two port, bifurcated, disposable filter that contains check valves and a tissue trap that allows staff to capture a tissue sample and send to pathology if needed. The filters are disposed of after each procedure. The cleaning solution and filter are expected to be a substantial revenue generator for the life of the STREAMWAY System.  

 

  · Ease of Use.  The System simply connects to the existing suction tubing from the operative field (causing no change to the current operative methods).  Pressing the START button on the System touch screen enacts a step by step instruction with safety questions ensuring that the correct amount of suction is generated minimizing the learning curve for operation at the surgical site.

 

  · Installation.  We arrange installation of the System through a partnership or group of partnerships.  Such partnerships will include, but not be limited to, local plumbers, distribution partners, manufacturer's representatives, hospital supply companies and the like.  We train our partners and standardize the procedure to ensure the seamless installation of our products.  The System is designed for minimal interruption of operating room and surgical room utilization.  Plug-and-play features of the design allow for almost immediate connection and hook up to hospital utilities for wall-mounted units allowing for quick start-up post-installation.

 

  · Sales Channel Partners.  The System is sold to end-users through a combination of independent stocking distributors, manufacturer’s representatives, and direct sales personnel.  We intend that all personnel involved in direct contact with the end-user have extensive training and are approved by Skyline.  We maintain exclusive agreements between Skyline and the sales channel partners outlining stocking expectations, sales objectives, target accounts and the like.  Contractual agreements with the sales channel partners are reviewed on an annual basis and we expect that such agreements will contain provisions allowing them to be terminated at any time by Skyline based on certain specified conditions.

 

  · Competitive Pricing.  The list sales price to a hospital or surgery center is $24,900 per system (one per operating room - installation extra) and $16 per bifurcated filter and $8 per bottle of cleaning solution retail for the proprietary disposables sold to the U.S. hospital market.

 

The Disposables

 

The Skyline disposables are a critical component of our business model. The disposables consist of a proprietary, pre-measured amount of cleaning solution in a plastic bottle that attaches to the System. The disposables also include a 2-port bifurcated single use in-line filter. The proprietary cleaning solution, placed in the specially designed holder, is attached and recommended to be used following each surgical procedure. Due to the nature of the fluids and particles removed during surgical procedures, the System is recommended to be cleaned following each use. The disposables have the “razor blade business model” characteristic with an ongoing stream of revenue for every System unit installed, and revenues from the sale of the disposables are expected to be significantly higher over time than the revenues from the sale of the unit. Our disposable, bifurcated filter is designed specifically for use only on our System. The filter is used only once per procedure followed by immediate disposal. Our operation instructions and warranty require that a Skyline filter is used for every procedure. We have exclusive distribution rights to the disposable solution and facilitate the use of only our solution for cleaning following procedures by incorporating a special container to connect the fluid to the connector on the System. We will also tie the fluid usage, which we will keep track of with the System software, to the product warranty.

 

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Intellectual Property

 

We believe that to maintain a competitive advantage in the marketplace, we must develop and maintain protection of the proprietary aspects of our technology. We rely on a combination of patent, trade secret and other intellectual property rights and measures to protect our intellectual property.

 

We spent approximately $289,000 in 2017 and $406,000 in 2016 on research and development.   On January 25, 2014, the Company filed a non-provisional PCT Application No. PCT/US2014/013081 claiming priority from the U.S. Provisional Patent Application, number 61756763 which was filed one year earlier on January 25, 2013. The Patent Cooperation Treaty (“PCT”) allows an applicant to file a single patent application to seek patent protection for an invention simultaneously in each of the 148-member countries of the PCT, including the United States. By filing this single “international” patent application through the PCT system, it is easier and more cost effective than filing separate applications directly with each national or regional patent office in the various countries in which patent protection is desired.

 

The United States Patent Office has assigned application #14/763,459 to our previously filed PCT application.

 

As of November 22, 2017, the Company was informed that the European Patent Office has allowed all our claims for application #14743665.3-1651, and has sent a Notice of Intent to Grant. Skyline is now in the process of identifying the key European countries that we will validate the patent in.

 

Our PCT patent application is for an enhanced model of the surgical fluid waste management system. We utilize this enhanced technology in the updated version of the STREAMWAY System unit we began selling in the first quarter of 2014. We obtained a favorable International Search Report from the PCT searching authority indicating that the claims in our PCT application are patentable (i.e., novel and non-obvious) over the cited prior art. A feature claimed in the PCT application is the ability to maintain continuous suction to the surgical field while simultaneously measuring, recording and evacuating fluid to the facilities sewer drainage system. This provides for continuous operation of the STREAMWAY System unit in suctioning waste fluids, which means that suction is not interrupted during a surgical operation, for example, to empty a fluid collection container or otherwise dispose of the collected fluid. We believe that this continuous operation and unlimited capacity feature provides us with a significant competitive advantage, particularly on large fluid generating procedures. All competing products, except certain models of MD Technologies, have a finite fluid collection capacity necessitating that the device be emptied when capacity is reached during the surgical procedure. In the case of MD Technologies while some of their models may have an unlimited capacity their process is not continuous because it requires switching the vacuum containers when one becomes full. For example, when the first container becomes full, the vacuum is switched over to a second container to collect the fluid in the second container while the fluid in the first container is drained. When the second container becomes full, the vacuum is again switched back to the first container to collect fluid while the second container is drained, and so on. Even though the switching of the vacuum between containers is automated in certain MD Technology models, the automated switching results in brief interruptions or reductions in suction during the surgical procedure.

 

The Company holds the following granted patents in the United States, and a pending application in the United States on its earlier models: US7469727, US8123731 and US Publication No. US20090216205 (collectively, the “Patents”). These Patents will begin to expire on August 8, 2023.

 

In general, the Patents are directed to a system and method for collecting waste fluid from a surgical procedure while ensuring there is no interruption of suction during the surgical procedure and no limit on the volume of waste fluid which can be collected. More particularly, the Patents claim a system and method in which waste fluid is suctioned or drawn into holding tanks connected to a vacuum source which maintains a constant negative pressure in the holding tanks. When the waste fluid collected in the holding tanks reaches a predetermined level, the waste fluid is measured and pumped from the holding tanks while maintaining the negative pressure. Therefore, because the negative pressure is maintained in the holding tanks, waste fluid will continue to be drawn into the holding tanks while the waste fluid is being pumped from the holding tanks. Thus, there is no limit to the volume of waste fluid which can be collected, and the suction at the surgical site is never interrupted during the surgical procedure.

 

We also rely upon trade secrets, continuing technological innovations and licensing opportunities to develop and maintain our competitive position. We seek to protect our trade secrets and proprietary know-how, in part, with confidentiality agreements with employees, although we cannot be certain that the agreements will not be breached, or that we will have adequate remedies for any breach.

 

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Strategy for STREAMWAY Business

 

Our strategy is focused on expansion within our core product and market segments, while utilizing a progressive approach to manufacturing and marketing to ensure maximum flexibility and profitability.

 

Our strategy is to:

 

  · Develop a complete line of wall-mounted fluid evacuation systems for use in hospital operating rooms, radiological rooms and free-standing surgery centers as well as clinics and physicians’ offices.

 

  · Provide products that greatly reduce healthcare worker and patient exposure to harmful materials present in infectious fluids and that contribute to an adverse working environment.  

 

  · Provide a hybrid sales force utilizing direct salespersons, manufacturing representatives and distributors.   

 

  · Continue to utilize operating room consultants, builders and architects as referrals to hospitals and day surgery centers.     

 

Other strategies may also include:

 

  o Partnering with leading GPO’s (Group Purchasing Organizations) to gain access to the majority of hospital systems in the United States.
     
  o Employing a lean operating structure, while utilizing the latest trends and technologies in manufacturing and marketing, to achieve both market share growth and projected profitability.

 

  o Providing a leasing program and/or “pay per use” program as alternatives to purchasing.

 

  o Providing service contracts to establish an additional revenue stream.

 

  o Utilizing the manufacturing experience of our management team to develop sources of supply and manufacturing to reduce costs while still obtaining excellent quality.  While cost is not a major consideration in the roll-out of leading edge products, we believe that being a low-cost provider will be important long term.

 

  o Offering an innovative warranty program that is contingent on the exclusive use of our disposables to enhance the success of our after-market disposable products.

 

Technology and Competition

 

Fluid Management for Surgical Procedures

 

The management of surgical waste fluids produced during and after surgery is a complex mix of materials and labor that consists of primary collection of fluid from the patient, transportation of the waste fluid within the hospital to a disposal or processing site and disposal of that waste either via incineration or in segregated landfills.

 

Once the procedure has ended, the canisters currently being used in many cases, and their contents must be removed from the operating room and disposed.  There are several methods used for such disposal, all of which present certain risks to the operating room team, the crews who clean the rooms following the procedure and the other personnel involved in their final disposal.  These methods include:

 

  · Direct Disposal Through the Sanitary Sewer. In virtually all municipalities, the disposal of liquid blood may be done directly to the sanitary sewer where it is treated by the local waste management facility.  This practice is approved and recommended by the EPA.  In most cases these municipalities specifically request that disposed bio-materials not be treated with any known anti-bacterial agents such as glutalderhyde, as these agents not only neutralize potentially infectious agents but also work to defeat the bacterial agents employed by the waste treatment facilities themselves.  Disposal through this method is fraught with potential exposure to the healthcare workers, putting them at risk for direct contact with these potentially infectious agents through spillage of the contents or via splash when the liquid is poured into a hopper – a specially designated sink for the disposal of infectious fluids.  Once the infectious fluids are disposed of into the hopper, the empty canister is sent to central processing for re-sterilization (glass and certain plastics) or for disposal with the bio-hazardous/infectious waste generated by the hospital (red-bagged).

 

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  · Conversion to Gel for Red-Bag Disposal.   In many hospital systems, the handling of liquid waste has become a liability issue due to worker exposure incidents and in some cases, has even been a point of contention during nurse contract negotiations.  Industry has responded to concerns of nurses over splash and spillage contamination by developing a powder that, when added to the fluid in the canisters, produces a viscous, gel-like substance that can be handled more safely.  After the case is completed and final blood loss is calculated, a port on the top of each canister is opened and the powder is poured into it. It takes several minutes for the gel to form, after which the canisters are placed on a service cart and removed to the red-bag disposal area for disposal with the other infectious waste.  There are four major drawbacks to this system:

 

  · It does not ensure protection for healthcare workers, as there remains the potential for splash when the top of the canister is opened.

 

  · Based on industry pricing data, the total cost per canister increases by approximately $2.00.

 

  · Disposal costs to the hospital increase dramatically as shipping, handling and landfill costs are based upon weight rather than volume in most municipalities.  The weight of an empty 2,500 ml canister is about 1 pound.  A canister and its gelled contents weigh about 7.5 pounds, and the typical cost to dispose of medical waste is approximately $.30 per pound.

 

  · The canister filled with gelled fluid must be disposed; it cannot be cleaned and re-sterilized for future use.

 

Despite the increased cost of using gel and the marginal improvement in healthcare worker protection it provides, several hospitals have adopted gel as their standard procedure.

  

Drainage Systems

 

Several new medical devices have been developed which address some of the deficiencies described above. MD Technologies, Inc., Cardinal Health, Inc., Dornoch Medical Systems, Inc. (now Zimmer) and Stryker Instruments have all developed systems that provide disposal into the sanitary sewer without pouring the infectious fluids directly through a hopper disposal or using expensive gel powders. Most of these newer products are currently sold with 510(k) concurrence from the FDA. Most of these competing products incorporate an internal collection canister with finite capacity, and while not directly eliminating the need to transport a device to and from the surgical room, we believe most have been successful in eliminating the need for expensive gel and its associated handling and disposal costs.

 

Existing competitors, that already have products on the market, have a competitive advantage in terms of brand recognition and market exposure. In addition, the aforementioned companies have extensive marketing and development budgets that could overpower an early stage company like ours.

 

We believe that Stryker Instruments has the dominant market share position. We also believe competing products are used in select procedures and often in some, but not all, surgical procedures.

 

Current Competition, Technology, and Costs

 

Single Use Canisters

 

In the U.S., glass reusable containers are infrequently used as their high initial cost, frequent breakage and costs of reprocessing are typically more costly than single use high impact plastic canisters, even when disposal is factored in.  Each single use glass canister costs roughly $8.00 each while the high impact plastic canisters cost $2.00 - $3.00 each and it is estimated that a range of two to eight canisters are used in each procedure, depending on the operation. Our System would replace the use of canisters and render them unnecessary, as storage and disposal would be performed automatically by the System.  We believe our true competitive advantage, however, is our unlimited capacity, eliminating the need for any high-volume cases to be interrupted for canister changeover.

 

Solidifying Gel Powder

 

One significant drawback of the solidifying gels is that they increase the weight of the materials being sent to the landfill by a factor of five to seven times, resulting in a significant cost increase to the hospitals that elect to use the products. The System eliminates the need for solidifying gel, providing savings in both gel powder usage and associated landfill costs.

 

Sterilization and Landfill Disposal

 

Current disposal methods include the removal of the contaminated canisters (with or without the solidifying gel) to designated biohazardous/infectious waste sites.  Previously, many hospitals used incineration as the primary means of disposal, but environmental concerns at the international, domestic and local level have resulted in a systematic decrease in incineration worldwide as a viable method for disposing of blood, organs or materials saturated with bodily fluids.  When landfill disposal is used, canisters are included in the general red-bag disposal and, when gel is used, comprise a significant weight factor.  Where hopper disposal is still in use, most of the contents of the red-bag consist only of outer packaging of supplies used in surgery and small amounts of absorbent materials impregnated with blood and other waste fluid.  These, incidentally, are retained and measured at the end of the procedure to provide a more accurate assessment of fluid loss or retention.  Once at the landfill site, the red-bagged material is often steam-sterilized with the remaining waste being ground up and interred into a specially segregated waste dumpsite.

 

Handling Costs

 

Once the surgical team has finished the procedure, and a blood loss estimate is calculated, the liquid waste (with or without solidifying gels) is removed from the operating room and either disposed of down the sanitary sewer or transported to an infectious waste area of the hospital for later removal. The System significantly reduces the labor costs associated with the disposal of fluid or handling of contaminated canisters, as the liquid waste is automatically emptied into the sanitary sewer after measurements are obtained.  We utilize the same suction tubing currently being used in the operating room, so no additional cost is incurred with our process.  While each hospital handles fluid disposal differently, we believe that the cost of our cleaning solution after each procedure will be less than the current procedural cost that could include the cost of canisters, labor to transport the canisters, solidifying powder, gloves, gowns, mops, goggles, shipping, and transportation, as well as any costs associated with spills that may occur due to manual handling.

 

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A hidden, but very real and considerable handling cost, is the cost of infectious fluid exposure.  A July 2007, research article published in Infection Control Hospital Epidemiology, concluded that “Management of occupational exposures to blood and bodily fluids is costly; the best way to avoid these costs is by prevention of exposures.”  According to the article, hospital management cost associated with occupational blood exposure can, conservatively, be more than $4,500 per exposure.  Because of privacy laws, it is difficult to obtain estimates of exposure events at individual facilities; however, in each exposure the healthcare worker must be treated as a worse case event.  This puts the healthcare worker through a tremendous amount of personal trauma, and the health care facility through considerable expense and exposure to liability and litigation.

 

Nursing Labor

 

Nursing personnel spend significant time in the operating room readying canisters for use, calculating blood loss and removing or supervising the removal of the contaminated canisters after each procedure.  Various estimates have been made, but an internal study at a large healthcare facility in Minneapolis, Minnesota, revealed that the average nursing team spends twenty minutes pre-operatively and intra-operatively setting up, monitoring fluid levels and changing canisters as needed and twenty minutes post-operatively readying blood loss estimates or disposing of canisters. Estimates for the other new technologies reviewed have noted few cost savings to nursing labor.

 

The System saves nursing time as compared to the manual process of collecting and disposing of surgical waste.  Set-up is as easy as attaching the suction tube to the port(s) of the disposable filter on the STREAMWAY System. Post-operative clean-up requires approximately five minutes, the time required to dispose of the suction tubing and disposable filter to the red-bag, calculate the patient’s blood loss, attach the bottle of cleaning solution to the System, initiate the cleaning cycle, and dispose of the emptied cleaning solution.  The steps that our product avoids, which are typically involved with the manual disposal process include, canister setup, interpretation of an analog read out for calculating fluid, canister management during the case (i.e. swapping out full canisters), and then temporarily storing, transferring, dumping, and properly disposing of the canisters.

 

Competitive Products

 

Disposable canister system technology for fluid management within the operating room has gone virtually unchanged for decades.  As concern for the risk of exposure of healthcare workers to bloodborne pathogens, and the costs associated with canister systems has increased, market attention has increasingly turned toward fluid management.  The first quarter of 2001 saw the introduction of four new product entries within the infectious material control field.  Stryker Instruments introduced the “NeptuneTM” system, offering a combination of bio-aerosol and fluid management in a portable two-piece system; Waterstone Medical (now DeRoyal) introduced the “Aqua BoxTM” stationary system for fluid disposal; and Dornoch Medical Systems, Inc. (Zimmer) introduced the “Red AwayTM” stationary system for fluid collection and disposal.  All companies, regardless of size, have their own accessory kits.

 

We differentiate from these competitors since we are completely direct-to-drain and have the most automatic, hands-free process of any of the systems currently on the market.  Each of our competitors, with the exception of MD Technologies, Inc., has some significant manual handling involved in the process.  For instance, some competing products require transport of the mobile unit to a docking port and then emptying of the fluid, while others require that the canister be manually transported to a more efficient dumping station.  Regardless, most of our competitors require more human interaction with the fluid than our products do.  Please refer to the chart included in the section headed as Products for a comparison of the key features of the devices currently marketed and the STREAMWAY System.

 

Although the mobility associated with most of the competing products adds time and labor to the process and increases the chance of worker exposure to waste fluids, it also allows the hospital to purchase only as many mobile units needed for simultaneous procedures in multiple operating rooms.  With the System, a unit must be purchased and installed in each room where it is intended to be used.

 

Marketing and Sales

 

Distribution

 

We sell the System and procedure disposables through various methods that include a direct sales force and independent distributors covering the clear majority of major U.S. markets.  Currently we have one VP of Sales, one in house sales person and five regional sales managers selling, and demoing the System for prospective customers and distributors, as well as, supporting our current customer base for disposable resupply. We have hired three independent contractors representing us in the Southeast and Southwest. We have signed contracts with two hospital purchasing groups; Vizient and Intalere. We have signed a contract with a SDVOSB distributor, Alliant Enterprises, LLC to distribute to the Veterans Administration, Department of Defense and other government contractors. We have hired a Vice President of International Sales, in Q1 2018, who is incorporating Skyline Medical Europe, a wholly owned subsidiary of Skyline Medical Inc. and hiring a sales representative to directly handle Germany. We have contracted with distributors in Canada (Quadromed), Switzerland (MediBridge Sarl) and in Australia, the Fiji Islands, New Zealand and the Pacific (Device Technologies Australia PTY LTD). Our targeted customer base includes nursing administration, operating room managers, interventional radiology managers, CFOs, CEOs, risk management, and infection control.  Other professionals with an interest in the product include physicians, nurses, biomedical engineering, anesthetists, imaging, anesthesiologists, human resources, legal, administration and housekeeping.

 

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The major focus of our marketing efforts is to introduce the System as a standalone device capable of effectively removing infectious waste and disposing of it automatically while providing accurate measurement of fluids removed, and also limiting exposure of the surgical team and healthcare support staff.

 

Governmental and professional organizations have become increasingly aggressive in attempting to minimize the risk of exposure by medical personnel to bloodborne pathogens.  We believe that the System provides a convenient and cost-effective way to collect and dispose of this highly contaminated material.

 

Our distributors may have installation and service capability, or we will contract those functions with an independent service/maintenance company.   We have hired both distributors and service companies regarding these installation requirements.  We have established extensive training and standards for the service and installation of the System to ensure consistency and dependability in the field.  Users of the system require a minimal amount of training to operate the System.  The instructions for use and the installation guide are included with every system along with a quick start guide, a troubleshooting manual and an on-board PLC controlling an intuitive touch screen with step by step instruction and safety features.

 

We have structured our pricing and relationships with distributors and/or service companies to ensure that these entities receive at least a typical industry level compensation for their activities.

 

Promotion

 

The dangers of exposure to infectious fluid waste are well recognized in the medical community.  It is our promotional strategy to effectively educate medical staff regarding the risks of contamination using current waste collection procedures and the advantages of the System in protecting medical personnel from inadvertent exposure.  We are leveraging this medical awareness and concern with education of regulatory agencies at the local, state and federal levels about the advantages of the System.

 

We supplement our sales efforts with a promotional mix that include a number of printed materials, video support and a website.  We believe our greatest challenge lies in reaching and educating the 1.6 million medical personnel who are exposed daily to fluid waste in the operating room or in other healthcare settings (OSHA, CPL 2-2.44C).  These efforts require utilizing single page selling pieces, video educational pieces for technical education, use of scientific journal articles and a webpage featuring product information, educational materials, and training sites.

 

We support our sales organization by attending major scientific meetings where large numbers of potential users are in attendance.  The theme of our trade show booths focusses on education, the awareness of the hazards of infectious waste fluids and the Company’s innovative solution to the problem.   We have focused our efforts initially on the Association of Operating Room Nurses (“AORN”) meetings, where the largest concentration of potential buyers and influencers are in attendance and the Radiological Society of North America Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting.  We have partnered with the Association for Radiologic & Imaging Nursing (“ARIN”) and the American Healthcare Radiology Administrators (“AHRA”). We feature information on protection of the healthcare worker on our website as well as links to other relevant sites. We have invested in limited journal advertising for targeted audiences that have been fully identified.  The initial thrust focuses on features of the product and ways of contacting the Company via the webpage or directly through postage paid cards or direct contact.

 

Pricing

 

We believe prices for the System and its disposables reflect a substantial cost savings to hospitals compared to their long-term procedure costs.  Our pricing strategy ensures that the customer realizes actual cost savings when using the System versus replacing traditional canisters, considering the actual costs of the canisters and associated costs such as biohazard processing labor and added costs of biohazard waste disposal.  Suction tubing that is currently used in the operating room will continue to be used with our system and should not be considered in the return on investment equation.    Our cleaning solution’s bottle is completely recyclable, and the selling price of the solution is part of the return on investment equation.  The 2-port disposable filter is also integral to our STREAMWAY System and is also part of the return on investment equation. In contrast, an operation using traditional disposal methods will often produce multiple canisters destined for biohazard processing.   Biohazard disposal costs are estimated by Outpatient Surgery Magazine to be 5 times more per pound to dispose of than regular waste (Outpatient Surgery Magazine, April 2007). Once the canister has touched blood, it is considered “red bag” biohazard waste, whereas the cleaning solution bottle used in the System can be recycled or disposed with the rest of the facility’s plastics. 

  

The System lists for $24,900 per system (one per operating room) and $24 per unit retail for the proprietary disposables: one filter and one bottle of cleaning solution to the U.S. hospital market.    By comparison, the disposal system of Stryker Instruments, one of our competitors, retails for approximately $25,000 plus an $11,000 docking station and requires a disposable component with an approximate cost of $25 - $50 per procedure and a proprietary cleaning solution (cost unknown per procedure).  Per procedure cost of the traditional disposal process includes approximate costs of $2 - $3.00 per liter canister, plus solidifier at $2 per liter canister, plus the biohazard premium disposal cost approximated at $1.80 per liter canister.  In addition, the labor, gloves, gowns, goggles, and other related material handling costs are also disposal expenses.

 

Installation is done by distributors, independent contractors, or in-house engineering at an estimated price of $300 - $1,000, depending on the operating room.  Installation of the System requires access only to the hospital’s sanitary sewer, vacuum suction, and electricity.  To help facilities maintain their utilization rates, we recommend installation during off peak hours.  In smaller facilities, an outside contractor may be called in, while larger institutions have their own installation and maintenance workforce.  Installation time should not seriously impact the use of the operating room.  Each System has an industry standard warranty period that can be extended through documented use of our disposables: one filter and one bottle of cleaning solution per procedure.

 

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Engineering and Manufacturing

 

We are currently manufacturing the System in a leased facility. We have the capability to manufacture, test, house, ship and receive from our warehouse. We contracted a manufacturing company, Wair Products in Bloomington, Minnesota, that meets our standards and requirements and that can produce six times the amount of System’s produced in-house at our facility monthly as sales increase.

 

The disposables, including a bottle of proprietary cleaning solution and a 2-port disposable filter, is sourced through Diversified Manufacturing Corporation (cleaning solution) situated in Prescott, Wisconsin and MPP Corporation (filters), located in Osceola, Wisconsin that has tooled to manufacture our own newly designed disposable filter.

 

Government Regulation

 

To date, no regulatory agency has established exclusive jurisdiction over the area of biohazardous and infectious waste in healthcare facilities. Several organizations maintain oversight function concerning various aspects of pertinent technologies and methods of protection.

 

These agencies include:

 

  OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration)

 

  EPA (Environmental Protection Agency)

 

  DOT (Department of Transportation)

 

  JCAHO (Joint Commission of Accreditation of Hospitals)

 

  NFPA (National Fire Protection Association)

 

  AIA (American Institute of Architects)

 

  AORN (Association of Operating Room Nurses)

 

Application for Electrical Safety Testing and Certification

 

We sought and achieved testing and certification to the IEC 60606-1 and IEC 60606-1-2, two internationally recognized standards.

 

The 6060101 & 60601-2 2nd edition certification for our STREAMWAY System is valid and enables us to continue to market and sell our product domestically.

 

A new standard; IEC 60601-1 3rd Edition Medical Device Safety Testing was adopted by the International Organization of Standards in 2005. This standard, which is now recognized by the U.S. FDA, includes a provision of risk management which the 2nd edition did not require. The purpose of these rules is to ensure that equipment manufacturers have safety, performance, and risk management control measures in place.

 

The EU & Canada required 60601-1 3rd Edition compliance for all product sold or currently on the market after June 2013. Any product that had previously been certified to the 60601-1 2nd generation standard was no longer allowed for use as the old standard was no longer recognized. This did not affect us as we did not sell internationally.

 

The U.S. FDA compliance date to meet the new standard was December 31, 2013. The major difference between the U.S. and the EU & Canadian market transition to the new standard is that the U.S. allows the 60601-1 2nd edition testing to be grandfathered in, allowing previously certified product to remain on the market. Any new product that will be tested after December 31, 2013 should be certified to the new 60601-1 3rd generation standard.

 

Skyline Medical contracted with TUV (a nationally recognized testing laboratory-NRTL) to certify our STREAMWAY System to the new 60601-1 3rd Edition in late 2016. We attained certification to the new standard, and then submitted it to our Notified Body (BSI) for recommendation for our CE Mark, which we received in June 2017, allowing us to sell products outside of the United States.

 

Effective November 21, 2016, the Company received a Medical Device Establishment License to sell the STREAMWAY System and related disposables in Canada.

 

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FDA Clearance under Section 510(k)

 

The FDA Center for Devices and Radiological Health requires 510(k) submitters to provide information that compares its new device to a marketed device of a similar type, in order to determine whether the device is substantially equivalent (“SE”).

 

This means that a manufacturer can submit a 510(k) comparing a new device to a device that has been found to be SE and the FDA can use this as evidence to determine whether the new device is SE to an already legally marketed device (or a “predicate device”). The ultimate burden of demonstrating the substantial equivalence of a new device to a predicate device remains with the 510(k) submitter, and in those occasions when the Center for Devices and Radiological Health is unfamiliar with certain aspects of the predicate device, the submitter will be required to provide information that substantiates a claim of substantial equivalence.

 

As a matter of practice, the Center for Devices and Radiological Health generally considers a device to be SE to a predicate device if, in comparison to the predicate device, (i) the new device has the same intended use, (ii) the new device has the same technological characteristics (i.e., same materials design, energy source), (iii) the new device has new technological characteristics that could not affect safety or effectiveness, or (iv) the new device has new technological characteristics that could affect safety or effectiveness, but there are accepted scientific methods for evaluating whether safety or effectiveness has been adversely affected and there is data to demonstrate that the new technological features have not diminished safety or effectiveness. Pre-market notification submissions are designed to facilitate these determinations.

 

The FDA requires, pursuant to a final regulation for Establishment Registration and Device Listing for Manufacturers of Devices, that a 510(k) premarket notification be submitted at least ninety days before marketing a device that: (1) is being introduced into distribution for the first time by that person or entity, or (2) is in distribution but is being significantly modified in design or use.  A 510(k) submission must contain, among other things: (i) proposed labeling sufficient to describe the device’s intended use; (ii) a description of how the device is similar or different from other devices of comparable type, or information about what consequences a proposed device modification may have on the device's safety and effectiveness; and (iii) any other information necessary to determine whether the device is substantially equivalent.  The System is a Class II device, which is less stringently reviewed as that of a Class III device.  Our COO has numerous years’ significant experience in the FDA clearance process and has a team of regulatory consultants with significant experience in the FDA clearance process.

 

We filed the 510(k) submission for clearance of the System device on March 14, 2009, and received written confirmation on April 1, 2009 that our 510(k) has been cleared by the FDA.

 

Following this 510(k) clearance by the FDA, we continue to be subject to the normal ongoing audits and reviews by the FDA and other governing agencies.  These audits and reviews are standard and typical in the medical device industry, and we do not anticipate being affected by any extraordinary guidelines or regulations.

 

Skyline Medical has successfully passed FDA audits over the past few years, with no observations or 483 warning letters issued.

 

ISO Certification

 

Skyline Medical hired BSI (British Standards Institute) to be our Notified Body and to audit the Company to ISO 13485:2003 Standards. On June 1, 2016, Skyline successfully passed the audit of our Quality Management System and received its Certificate of Registration for ISO 13485:2003. Our certificate number is FM 649810.

 

The CRO Business

 

Investment in and Partnership with Helomics – CRO Services

 

Our CRO services business is committed to improving the effectiveness of cancer therapy using the power of artificial intelligence (AI) applied to rich data diseases databases. We have identified the CRO market as a burgeoning sector with significant growth potential. We have acquired 25% of the capital stock of Helomics®, a pioneering Contract Research Organization (“CRO”) Services company that bridges two significant areas of the healthcare industry: “Precision Medicine” and “Big Data”. We are also partnering with Helomics in creating joint venture arrangements.

 

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Helomics is a precision diagnostic company and integrated clinical contract research organization whose mission is to improve patient care by partnering with pharmaceutical, diagnostic, and academic organizations to bring innovative clinical products and technologies to the marketplace. In addition to its proprietary precision diagnostics for oncology, Helomics offers boutique CRO services that leverage patient-derived tumor models, coupled to a wide range of multi-omics assays (genomics, proteomics and biochemical), and a proprietary bioinformatics platform (D-CHIP) to provide a tailored solution to our client's specific needs. Helomics is headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania where the company maintains state-of-the-art, CLIA-certified, clinical and research laboratories. The Helomics business comprises three key strategic areas:

 

Precision Oncology Insights. The Helomics Precision Oncology Insight service provides an actionable roadmap for patients and their oncologist to guide therapy and positively impact patient outcomes using AI-driven evidence-based molecular decision making. Our approach combines comprehensive molecular profiling of the patient tumor using NGS and other technologies, together with testing the drug response of the patient tumor grown in the laboratory using Helomics’ proprietary TruTumor™ model. Our D-CHIP AI-driven bioinformatics platform uses this data to continually learn which approved Standard-of-Care drugs will work best for a particular tumor profile. We then provide an actionable roadmap to guide patient therapy to the oncologist partnering with them to understand outcomes and improve and enrich the D-CHIP platform. Specializing in Ovarian cancer, Helomics offers oncologists the value of the accumulated knowledge of all tumors tested to their patients.

 

Boutique Contract Research Services. With a 17,400-square foot state-of-art, BSL-2, CLIA regulated laboratory in Pittsburgh, PA, Helomics offers a wide range of genomic (NGS, Microarray), proteomic, digital pathology, tissue culture and biorepository services to pharmaceutical and diagnostics clients. Helomics’ CRO services address a range of needs from discovery, through clinical and translational research, to clinical trials and diagnostics development and validation. Using our unique proprietary TruTumor patient derived tumor model we are able to offer a high throughput, high content approach to screening for new therapies, biomarker discovery and diagnostic development. Coupled with our D-CHIP platform we also offer bioinformatics services for in-depth data analysis and reporting for clinical and translational research

 

D-CHIP AI-platform. The Helomics D-CHIP platform is an AI-powered bioinformatics engine coupled to a multi-Helomics database of biochemical and clinical information on patients with cancer. D-CHIP uses deep learning to understand the association between the mutational profile of the patient’s tumor and the drug response profile of tumor grown in the lab. This approach generates actionable insights that deliver a comprehensive picture of which mutations in the tumor are associated with drugs to which the tumor is sensitive. Helomics partners with pharmaceutical, diagnostic and healthcare clients in projects that use D-CHIP for to drive patient recruitment and selection, biomarker discovery and development, and drug repurposing initiatives.

 

Precision Therapeutics and Helomics have also announced a proposed joint venture with GLG Pharma focused on using their combined technologies to bring personalized medicines and testing to ovarian and breast cancer patients, especially those who present with ascites fluid (over one-third of patients). This partnership will add a collection method to the STREAMWAY System, using GLG’s Capture, Culture and Screening capabilities. We also continue to explore other opportunities to partner with revenue-generating companies and create near-term and long-term value for our shareholders. The growth strategy in this business includes securing new partnerships and considering acquisitions in the precision medicine space.

 

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TumorGenesis Business – Development of PDx Tumor Models

 

We have recently formed a subsidiary, TumorGenesis, to pursue a new rapid approach to growing tumors in the laboratory, which essentially “fools” the cancer cells into thinking they are still growing inside the patient. TumorGenesis intends to develop next generation, patient derived, (“PDx”) tumor models for precision cancer therapy and drug development. This approach should provide a much more relevant model of the patient tumor that may be used for testing of drugs for personalized therapy or for the development of new drugs. We have entered into licensing arrangements with three medical technology companies in that regard.

 

TumorGenesis has secured a license agreement with 48Hour Discovery (“48HD”) which grants it access to 48HD’s ligand discovery technology. This follows a license agreement with SyntArray, LLC and is the latest milestone in the Company’s strategy to bring together ground-breaking technologies to develop the next generation of patient derived (“PDx”) tumor models for precision cancer therapy and drug development. TumorGenesis is developing a new approach to growing tumor models in the laboratory that is faster, less costly and more closely mimics the characteristics of the patient’s tumor, than the traditional PDx animal models that are currently on the market. TumorGenesis’ innovative approach is comprised of three key steps: first, the tumor cells from the patient tumor biopsy are tagged using peptides targeted to the patient’s specific cancer cells; second, the tags adhere the cells to a 3D biomimetic support in the well of a standard 96 well microplate; and third, the tumor cells are grown in the 3D culture system until ready for testing. The 48HD ligand discovery technology is vital to the first step in this process as it screens the patient’s tumor cells against large peptide libraries to identify the specific peptide ligands that bind to those cells. Once identified by 48HD’s technology, SyntArray’s targeted peptide cell capture technology screens these peptides to determine the best combination that will capture the cancer cells and allow them to attach and grow on the 3D biomimetic support.

 

We believe TumorGenesis is developing a better way to grow tumors outside the human body so they mimic the environment inside the patients’ body as closely as possible. This model is expected to create more accurate results when testing drugs for personalized therapy and when developing new drugs, compared to testing with traditional animal or cell culture models. The innovative 48HD technology allows us to capture all the heterogeneity of the tumor, including both the cancerous and non-cancerous cells. This is key to reassembling the tumor on an artificial ‘scaffold’, or 3D biomimetic support, so it grows in a way that closely mimics the patient’s body. This will allow us to offer a superior clinical testing environment which should drive lucrative partnerships with pharmaceutical companies as they develop new precision medicines and cancer therapies.

 

Testing of patient tumors using the TumorGenesis approach is expected to: (a) provide a personalized therapy protocol for a patient, (b) provide high-quality data on cancer tumors for a platform based on the D-CHIP Artificial Intelligence (AI) platform of Helomics Corporation, pursuant to Precision Therapeutics’ partnership with Helomics, and (c) drive partnerships with Pharma companies for the development of new therapies, generating revenues for Precision Therapeutics. The TumorGenesis PDx model will initially be developed for three orphan cancers, Multiple Myeloma, Triple-Negative Breast cancer (TNBC) and Ovarian cancers, all of which are areas that have a high unmet need for new and effective treatments that are tailored to patients’ unique tumor profiles. Testing of the TumorGenesis PDx tumors will take place in collaboration with Helomics.

 

Employees

 

We have 17 employees, all of whom are full-time.  

 

Executive Officers and Directors of the Registrant

 

The following table identifies our current executive officers and directors:

 

Name   Age   Position Held
         
Carl Schwartz   77   Chief Executive Officer and Director
         
David O. Johnson   65   Chief Operating Officer
         
Bob Myers   63   Chief Financial Officer
         
Thomas J. McGoldrick   76   Director
         
Andrew P. Reding   48   Director 
         
J. Melville Engle   68   Director
         
Timothy A. Krochuk   49   Director
         
Richard L. Gabriel   69   Director

 

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Each director will serve until their successors are elected and have duly qualified.

 

There are no family relationships among our directors and executive officers. Our executive officers are appointed by our Board of Directors and serve at the Board’s discretion.

 

Business Experience

 

Carl Schwartz, Chief Executive Officer and Director. Dr. Schwartz was the owner manager of dental groups in Burton, Michigan and Grand Blanc, Michigan. Dr. Schwartz previously served on the Board of Delta Dental Corporation of Michigan, was a member of the Michigan Advisory Board for Liberty Mutual Insurance and was a member of the Board of Trustees of the Museum of Contemporary Art in Florida. In 1988 Dr. Schwartz joined a family business becoming chief executive officer of Plastics Research Corporation, a Flint, Michigan, manufacturer of structural foam molding, a low-pressure injection molding process. While there he led its growth from $2 million in revenues and 20 employees, to its becoming the largest manufacturer of structural foam molding products under one roof in the U.S. with more than $60 million in revenues and 300 employees when he retired in 2001. He holds B.A. and D.D.S. degrees from the University of Detroit.

  

David O. Johnson, Chief Operating Officer. Mr. Johnson has been Chief Operating Officer since July 2012. He was previously the Acting Chief Operating Officer since December 2011 and had been a consultant to medical device companies since October 2010. Mr. Johnson has over 30 years’ experience in executive, operations and management positions in rapid growth medical device organizations, directing growth domestically and internationally with products ranging from consumer based disposable commodity items to Class III implantable devices. His experience includes executive management, training, product development, business development, regulatory and quality assurance, operations, supplier development and technology acquisitions. From August 2007 to September 2010 Mr. Johnson was President and CEO of Spring Forest Qigong, an alternative healthcare organization. Prior to August 2007 he had been a co-founder and Vice President of Operations at Epitek, Inc. since January 2005, and prior to that time he was a co-founder and President of Timm Medical Technologies. He also held positions including Vice President-Operations/Technology at UroHealth/Imagyn, Vice-President Operations at Dacomed Corporation and various technical, operations and training positions at American Medical Systems and Pfizer Corporation. He also holds a number of patents in the medical device field and the exercise fitness industry.

 

Bob Myers, Chief Financial Officer. Effective July 1, 2012, Mr. Myers was appointed as the Chief Financial Officer of the Company. Mr. Myers was the Acting Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Secretary for the Company since December 2011. He has over 30 years’ experience in multiple industries focusing on medical device, service and manufacturing and for the past ten years has been a financial contractor represented various contracting firms in the Minneapolis area. He has spent much of his career as a Chief Financial Officer and/or Controller. Mr. Myers was a contract CFO at Disetronic Medical, contract Corporate Controller for Diametric Medical Devices and contract CFO for Cannon Equipment. Previously he held executive positions with American Express, Capitol Distributors, and International Creative Management and was a public accountant with the international firm of Laventhol & Horwath. Mr. Myers has an MBA in Finance from Adelphi University and a BBA in Public Accounting from Hofstra University.

 

Thomas J. McGoldrick, Director. Mr. McGoldrick has served as a Director of the Company since 2005. Prior to that, he served as Chief Executive Officer of Monteris Medical Inc. from November 2002 to November 2005. He has been in the medical device industry for over 30 years and was co-founder and Chief Executive Officer of Fastitch Surgical in 2000. Fastitch is a start-up medical device company with unique technology in surgical wound closure. Prior to Fastitch, Mr. McGoldrick was President and Chief Executive Officer of Minntech from 1997 to 2000. Minntech was a $75 million per year publicly traded (NASDAQ-MNTX) medical device company offering services for the dialysis, filtration, and separation markets. Prior to employment at Minntech from 1970 to 1997, he held senior marketing, business development and international positions at Medtronic, Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc. and Johnson & Johnson. Mr. McGoldrick is on the Board of Directors of two other start-up medical device companies.

 

Andrew P. Reding, Director. Mr. Reding is an executive with extensive experience in sales and marketing of capital equipment for the acute care markets. He has served as a director of the Company since 2006 and he is currently the President and Chief Executive Officer of TRUMPF Medical Systems, Inc., a position he has held since April 2007. Prior to that, he was Director of Sales at Smith & Nephew Endoscopy and prior to that, he served as Vice President of Sales and Director of Marketing with Berchtold Corporation from 1994 to 2006. His experience is in the marketing and sales of architecturally significant products for the operating room, emergency department and the intensive care unit. Mr. Reding has successfully developed high quality indirect and direct sales channels, implemented programs to interface with facility planners and architects and developed GPO and IDN portfolios. Mr. Reding holds a bachelor’s degree from Marquette University and an MBA from The University of South Carolina.

 

J. Melville Engle, Director. Mr. Engle was appointed to the Board of Directors on October 27, 2016. Mr. Engle has worked in the healthcare industry for the past three decades. Since 2012, he has served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Engle Strategic Solutions, a consulting company focused on CEO development and coaching, senior management consulting, corporate problem solving and strategic and operational planning. He is Chairman of the Board of Windgap Medical, Inc., and has held executive positions at prominent companies including Chairman and Chief Executive Officer at ThermoGenesis Corp., Regional Head/Director, North America at Merck Generics, President and Chief Executive Officer of Dey, L.P. and CFO, at Allergan, Inc. In addition to ThermoGenesis, he has served on the Board of Directors of several public companies, including Oxygen Biotherapeutics and Anika Therapeutics. Mr. Engle holds a BS in Accounting from the University of Colorado and a MBA in Finance from the University of Southern California. He has served as a Trustee of the Queen of the Valley Medical Center Foundation, was a Board Member of the Napa Valley Community Foundation, and at the Napa College Foundation. He was also Vice Chair of the Thunderbird Global Council at the Thunderbird School of Global Management in Glendale, Arizona.

 

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Timothy A. Krochuk, Director. Mr. Krochuk was appointed to the Board of Directors on October 27, 2016 and is a co-founder and managing director of GRT Capital Partners, LLC, an investment adviser based in Boston, and was a Portfolio Manager and Managing Partner for the GRT BioEdge Ventures Fund, a fund focused on equity investments in privately held, emerging healthcare and biopharmaceutical companies. GRT merged and Mr. Krochuk is now the Managing Partner of Shepherd Kaplan Krochuk, LLC. He remains the portfolio manager on the venture funds now called SKK Ventures. Prior to starting GRT Capital Partners in 2001, Mr. Krochuk became the youngest diversified portfolio manager in the history of Fidelity and was responsible for the development, programming and implementation of investment models used by mutual funds with more than $20 billion in assets under management. He currently serves as Chief Executive Officer of CHP Clean Energy, a full service provider of biogas power combined heat and power systems for wastewater treatment facilities with anaerobic digesters, which he founded in 2009. He also serves on the Board of Directors of Windgap Medical and Flatirons Bank. Mr. Krochuk holds an AB in Economics from Harvard College, a Chartered Financial Analyst designation, an Executive Masters Professional Director Certification from the American College of Corporate Directors and is an active member of the Board of the Massachusetts General Hospital President’s Council.

 

Richard L. Gabriel, Director. Mr. Gabriel was appointed to the Board of Directors on December 1, 2016. He has more than 40 years of relevant healthcare experience, including two decades of executive leadership and as a director and consultant to development-stage companies. In addition, serving as chief operating officer of GLG Pharma since 2009, from 2003 until 2009 Mr. Gabriel was chief executive officer of DNAPrint Genomics and DNAPrint Pharmaceuticals. He is currently a director of Windgap Medical. Mr. Gabriel holds an MBA from Suffolk University in Boston, and a BS in Chemistry from Ohio Dominican College in Columbus.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS.

 

You should carefully consider the risks described below before making an investment decision.  Our business could be harmed by any of these risks.  The trading price of our common stock could decline due to any of these risks, and you may lose all or part of your investment.  In assessing these risks, you should also refer to the other information contained in this Form 10-K, including our financial statements and related notes.

 

We will require additional financing to finance operating expenses and fulfill our business plan. Such financing will be dilutive. Our independent public accounting firm has indicated in their audit opinion, contained in our financial statements, that they have serious doubts about our ability to remain a going concern.

 

We have not achieved profitability and anticipate that we will continue to incur net losses at least through the first two quarters of 2018. We had revenues of $655,000 in 2017, but we had negative operating cash flows of $4.5 million. In January 2017, we received proceeds of $3.9 million because of our public offering. In November 2017, we received proceeds of $1.3 million because of our private placement. Our cash and cash equivalents balance was $0.8 million as of December 31, 2017, and our accounts payable and accrued expenses were an aggregate $0.9 million. We are currently incurring negative operating cash flows of approximately $380,000 per month. Although we are attempting to curtail our expenses, there is no guarantee that we will be able to reduce these expenses significantly, and expenses for some periods may be higher as we prepare our product for broader sales, increase our sales efforts and maintain adequate inventories.

 

As of December 31, 2017, the Company had no debt. On January 9, 2018, we received proceeds of $2.5 million net because of an S-3 public offering. Subsequently, in connection the underwriter exercised for an aggregate of 215,247 shares of common stock, the over-allotment option; we received additional net proceeds of $188,000 on February 20, 2018. Our cash and cash equivalents balance on January 31, 2018 was approximately $2.8 million.

 

We may require additional funding to finance operating expenses and to invest in our sales organization and new product development and to enter the international marketplace. We will attempt to raise these funds through equity or debt financing, alternative offerings or other means. If we are successful in securing adequate funding we plan to make significant capital or equipment investments, and we will also continue to make human resource additions over the next 12 months. Such additional financing will be dilutive to existing stockholders, and there is no assurance that such financing will be available upon acceptable terms. If such financing or adequate funds from operations are not available, we will be forced to limit our business activities, which will have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

 

Because of the above factors, our independent registered public accounting firm has indicated in their audit opinion, contained in our financial statements included in this annual report on Form 10-K, that they have serious doubts about our ability to continue as a going concern. The financial statements have been prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern. See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Liquidity and Capital Resources.”

 

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In connection with developing our CRO business, we have committed and will continue to commit significant capital to investments in early stage companies, all of which may be lost and which may require us to raise significant additional capital, and our entering into new lines of business will result in significant diversion of management resources, all of which may result in failure of our business.

 

We have committed significant capital and management resources to developing our CRO business and other new business areas, and we intend to continue to devote significant and management resources to new businesses. In 2017, we have provided $668,000 in financing to Helomics, of which $500,000 in principal amount has been converted into an equity interest in Helomics and $168,000 in principal amount is subject to secured notes that remain outstanding. In addition, in August 2017, we entered into a merger agreement with CytoBioscience, which was subsequently terminated in November 2017. From July 2017 through November 2017, we advanced $1,070,000 to CytoBioscience in the form of secured notes, which are still outstanding. It is likely that we will make further investments and advances in other businesses as we develop our CRO business and other business models. There can be no assurance that any of the outstanding balances of our existing promissory notes or future advances will be repaid. Further, there is no assurance that our equity investment in Helomics or other investments in new businesses will result in significant value for the Company. Therefore, we could invest significant capital in other business enterprises with no certainty when or whether we will realize a return on these investments. Investments in cash will deplete our capital resources, meaning that we will be required to raise significant amounts of new capital. There is no assurance that we will be successful in raising sufficient capital, and the terms of any such financing will be dilutive to our stockholders. We may also acquire technologies or companies by issuing stock or other equity securities rather thaqn or in addition to payment of cash, which may have the result of diluting the investment of our stockholders. Further, the energy and resources of our officers and personnel are being substantially diverted to these new lines of business, which are unproven. If these businesses are unsuccessful or require too great of a financial investment to be profitable, our business may fail regardless of the level of success of our STREAMWAY business.

 

Our limited operating history makes evaluation of our business difficult.

 

We were formed on April 23, 2002 and to date have generated only moderate revenue year by year. Our ability to implement a successful business plan remains unproven and no assurance can be given that we will ever generate sufficient revenues to sustain our business. We have a limited operating history which makes it difficult to evaluate our performance. You must consider our prospects in light of these risks and the expenses, technical obstacles, difficulties, market penetration rate and delays frequently encountered in connection with the development of new businesses. These factors include uncertainty as to whether we will be able to:

 

  · Be successful in uncertain markets;

 

  · Respond effectively to competitive pressures;

 

  · Successfully address intellectual property issues of others;

 

  · Protect and expand our intellectual property rights; and

 

  · Continue to develop and upgrade our products.

 

STREAMWAY Business Risk Factors

 

Our business is dependent upon proprietary intellectual property rights, which if we were unable to protect, could have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

We rely on a combination of patent, trade secret and other intellectual property rights and measures to protect our intellectual property. We currently own and may in the future own or license additional patent rights or trade secrets in the U.S., with non-provisional patents elsewhere in the world that cover certain of our products. We rely on patent laws and other intellectual property laws, nondisclosure and other contractual provisions and technical measures to protect our products and intangible assets. These intellectual property rights are important to our ongoing operations and no assurance can be given that any measure we implement will be sufficient to protect our intellectual property rights. Also, with respect to our trade secrets and proprietary know-how, we cannot be certain that the confidentiality agreements we have entered into with employees will not be breached, or that we will have adequate remedies for any breach. We may lose the protection afforded by these rights through patent expirations, legal challenges or governmental action. If we cannot protect our rights, we may lose our competitive advantage if these patents were found to be invalid in the jurisdictions in which we sell or plan to sell our products. The loss of our intellectual property rights could have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

If we become subject to intellectual property actions, this could hinder our ability to deliver our products and services and our business could be negatively impacted.

 

We may be subject to legal or regulatory actions alleging intellectual property infringement or similar claims against us. Companies may apply for or be awarded patents or have other intellectual property rights covering aspects of our technologies or businesses. Moreover, if it is determined that our products infringe on the intellectual property rights of third parties, we may be prevented from marketing our products. While we are currently not subject to any material intellectual property litigation, any future litigation alleging intellectual property infringement could be costly, particularly in light of our limited resources. Similarly, if we determine that third parties are infringing on our patents or other intellectual property rights, our limited resources may prevent us from litigating or otherwise taking actions to enforce our rights. Any such litigation or inability to enforce our rights could require us to change our business practices, hinder or prevent our ability to deliver our products and services, and result in a negative impact to our business. Expansion of our business via product line enhancements or new product lines to drive increased growth in current or new markets may be inhibited by the intellectual property rights of our competitors and/or suppliers. Our inability to successfully mitigate those factors may significantly reduce our market opportunity and subsequent growth.

 

We face significant competition, including competition from companies with considerably greater resources than ours, and if we are unable to compete effectively with these companies, our market share may decline and our business could be harmed.

 

Our industry is highly competitive with numerous competitors ranging from well-established manufacturers to innovative start-ups. A number of our competitors have significantly greater financial, technological, engineering, manufacturing, marketing and distribution resources than we do. Their greater capabilities in these areas may enable them to compete more effectively on the basis of price and production and more quickly develop new products and technologies.

 

Our competitors include Cardinal Health, Inc., a medical manufacturer and distributor, and Stryker Instruments, a wholly owned subsidiary of Stryker Corporation, which has a leading position in our market. Both of these competitors are substantially larger than our company and are better capitalized than we are.

 

Companies with significantly greater resources than ours may be able to reverse engineer our products and/or circumvent our intellectual property position. Such action, if successful, would greatly reduce our competitive advantage in the marketplace.

 

We believe that our ability to compete successfully depends on a number of factors, including our technical innovations of unlimited suction and unlimited capacity capabilities, our innovative and advanced research and development capabilities, strength of our intellectual property rights, sales and distribution channels and advanced manufacturing capabilities. We plan to employ these and other elements as we develop our products and technologies, but there are many other factors beyond our control. We may not be able to compete successfully in the future, and increased competition may result in price reductions, reduced profit margins, loss of market share and an inability to generate cash flows that are sufficient to maintain or expand our development and marketing of new products, which could adversely impact the trading price of the shares of our common stock.

 

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Our business is subject to intense governmental regulation and scrutiny, both in the U.S. and abroad.

 

The production, marketing, and research and development of our product is subject to extensive regulation and review by the FDA and other governmental authorities both in the United States and abroad. In addition to testing and approval procedures, extensive regulations also govern marketing, manufacturing, distribution, labeling, and record keeping. If we do not comply with applicable regulatory requirements, violations could result in warning letters, non-approvals, suspensions of regulatory approvals, civil penalties and criminal fines, product seizures and recalls, operating restrictions, injunctions, and criminal prosecution.

 

Periodically, legislative or regulatory proposals are introduced that could alter the review and approval process relating to medical products. It is possible that the FDA will issue additional regulations further restricting the sale of our present or proposed products. Any change in legislation or regulations that govern the review and approval process relating to our current and future products could make it more difficult and costly to obtain approval for new products, or to produce, market, and distribute existing products.

 

If our product is not accepted by our potential customers, it is unlikely that we will ever become profitable.

 

The medical industry has historically used a variety of technologies for fluid waste management. Compared to these conventional technologies, our technology is relatively new, and the number of companies using our technology is limited. The commercial success of our product will depend upon the widespread adoption of our technology as a preferred method by hospitals and surgical centers. In order to be successful, our product must meet the technical and cost requirements for these facilities. Market acceptance will depend on many factors, including:

 

  · the willingness and ability of customers to adopt new technologies;

 

  · our ability to convince prospective strategic partners and customers that our technology is an attractive alternative to conventional methods used by the medical industry;

 

  · our ability to select and execute agreements with effective distributors to market and sell our product; and

 

  · our ability to assure customer use of the Skyline proprietary cleaning solution and in-line filter.

 

Because of these and other factors, our product may not gain market acceptance or become the industry standard for the health care industry. The failure of such companies to purchase our products would have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

If demand for our product is unexpectedly high, there is no assurance that there will not be supply interruptions or delays.

 

We are currently manufacturing the STREAMWAY System, following GMP compliance regulations of the FDA, at our own facility and anticipate the capability of producing the STREAMWAY System in sufficient quantities for future near-term sales. We have contracted with a manufacturing company that can manufacture products at higher volumes. However, if demand for our product is unexpectedly high, there is no assurance that we or our manufacturing partners will be able to produce the product in sufficiently high quantity to satisfy demands. Any supply interruptions or inadequate supply would have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.

 

We are dependent on a few key executive officers for our success. Our inability to retain those officers would impede our business plan and growth strategies, which would have a negative impact on our business and the value of an investment.

 

Our success depends on the skills, experience and performance of key members of our management team. We heavily depend on our management team: Carl Schwartz, our Chief Executive Officer, David O. Johnson, our Chief Operating Officer, and Bob Myers, our Chief Financial Officer. We have entered into employment agreements with the CEO, the COO and the CFO of the senior management team and we may expand the relatively small number of executives in our company. Were we to lose one or more of these key individuals, we would be forced to expend significant time and money in the pursuit of a replacement, which could result in both a delay in the implementation of our business plan and the diversion of our limited working capital. We can give you no assurance that we can find satisfactory replacements for these key individuals at all, or on terms that are not unduly expensive or burdensome to our company.

 

Our success is dependent on our ability to attract and retain technical personnel, sales and marketing personnel, and other skilled management.

 

Our success depends to a significant degree on our ability to attract, retain and motivate highly skilled and qualified personnel. Failure to attract and retain necessary technical, sales and marketing personnel and skilled management could adversely affect our business. If we fail to attract, train and retain sufficient numbers of these highly-qualified people, our prospects, business, financial condition and results of operations will be materially and adversely affected.

 

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Costs incurred because we are a public company may affect our profitability.

 

As a public company, we incur significant legal, accounting, and other expenses, and we are subject to the SEC’s rules and regulations relating to public disclosure that generally involve a substantial expenditure of financial resources.  In addition, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as well as rules subsequently implemented by the SEC, requires changes in corporate governance practices of public companies.  We expect that full compliance with such rules and regulations will significantly increase our legal and financial compliance costs and make some activities more time-consuming and costly, which may negatively impact our financial results.  To the extent our earnings suffer as a result of the financial impact of our SEC reporting or compliance costs, our ability to develop an active trading market for our securities could be harmed.

 

Limitations on director and officer liability and indemnification of our officers and directors by us may discourage stockholders from bringing suit against a director.

 

Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws provide, with certain exceptions as permitted by governing state law, that a director or officer shall not be personally liable to us or our stockholders for breach of fiduciary duty as a director, except for acts or omissions which involve intentional misconduct, fraud or knowing violation of law, or unlawful payments of dividends. These provisions may discourage stockholders from bringing suit against a director for breach of fiduciary duty and may reduce the likelihood of derivative litigation brought by stockholders on our behalf against a director. In addition, our certificate of incorporation and bylaws may provide for mandatory indemnification of directors and officers to the fullest extent permitted by governing state law.

 

We do not expect to pay dividends for the foreseeable future, and we may never pay dividends; investors must rely on stock appreciation for any return on investment in the Company’s common stock.

 

We currently intend to retain any future earnings to support the development and expansion of our business and do not anticipate paying cash dividends in the foreseeable future. Our payment of any future dividends will be at the discretion of our Board of Directors after taking into account various factors, including but not limited to, our financial condition, operating results, cash needs, growth plans and the terms of any credit agreements that we may be a party to at the time. In addition, our ability to pay dividends on our common stock may be limited by state law. Accordingly, investors must rely on sales of their common stock after price appreciation, which may never occur, as the only way to realize certain returns on their investment. As a result, investors must rely on stock appreciation and a liquid trading market for any return on investment in the Company’s common stock.

  

Shares eligible for future sale may adversely affect the market.

 

From time to time, certain stockholders may be eligible to sell some or all of their shares of common stock pursuant to Rule 144, promulgated under the Securities Act subject to certain limitations. In general, pursuant to Rule 144 as in effect as of the date of this registration statement, a stockholder (or stockholders whose shares are aggregated) who has satisfied the applicable holding period and is not deemed to have been one of our affiliates at the time of sale, or at any time during the three months preceding a sale, may sell their shares of common stock. Any substantial sale, or cumulative sales, of our common stock pursuant to Rule 144 or pursuant to any resale prospectus may have a material adverse effect on the market price of our securities.

 

We expect volatility in the price of our common stock, which may subject us to securities litigation.

 

If established, the market for our common stock may be characterized by significant price volatility when compared to seasoned issuers, and we expect that our share price will be more volatile than a seasoned issuer for the indefinite future. In addition, there is no assurance that the price of our common stock will not be volatile. In the past, plaintiffs have often initiated securities class action litigation against a company following periods of volatility in the market price of its securities. We may in the future be the target of similar litigation. Securities litigation could result in substantial costs and liabilities and could divert management’s attention and resources.

 

Our Board of Directors’ ability to issue undesignated preferred stock and the existence of anti-takeover provisions may depress the value of our common stock.

 

Our authorized capital includes 20 million shares of preferred stock. Of this amount, 18,950 shares have been designated as Series B Convertible Preferred Stock, 1,213,819 shares have been designated as Series C Preferred Stock and the remaining authorized shares are undesignated preferred stock. Our Board of Directors has the power to issue any or all of the shares of undesignated preferred stock, including the authority to establish one or more series and to fix the powers, preferences, rights and limitations of such class or series, without seeking stockholder approval. Further, as a Delaware corporation, we are subject to provisions of the Delaware General Corporation Law regarding “business combinations.” We may, in the future, consider adopting additional anti-takeover measures. The authority of our Board of Directors to issue undesignated stock and the anti-takeover provisions of Delaware law, as well as any future anti-takeover measures adopted by us, may, in certain circumstances, delay, deter or prevent takeover attempts and other changes in control of the company not approved by our Board of Directors. As a result, our stockholders may lose opportunities to dispose of their shares at favorable prices generally available in takeover attempts or that may be available under a merger proposal and the market price, voting and other rights of the holders of common stock may also be affected.

 

Future sales and issuances of our common stock or rights to purchase common stock could result in additional dilution of the percentage ownership of our stockholders and could cause our share price to fall.

 

We also expect that significant additional capital will be needed in the future to continue our planned operations. To the extent that we raise additional capital by issuing equity securities, our stockholders may experience substantial dilution. We may sell common stock, convertible securities, or other equity securities in one or more transactions at prices and in a manner, we determine from time to time. If we sell common stock, convertible securities or other equity securities in more than one transaction, investors may be materially diluted by subsequent sales. Such sales may also result in material dilution to our existing stockholders, and new investors could gain rights superior to our existing stockholders. In addition, in the past, we have issued warrants to acquire shares of common stock. To the extent these warrants are ultimately exercised, you will sustain further dilution.

 

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Future Sales of our common stock in the public market may cause our stock price to decline and impair our ability to raise future capital through the sale of our equity securities.

 

There are a substantial number of shares of our common stock held by stockholders who owned shares of our capital stock prior to this offering that may be able to sell in the public market upon expiration of the 90-day lock-up agreement they signed in connection with the Company’s public offering which was consummated in August 2015. Sales by such stockholders of a substantial number of shares could significantly reduce the market price of our common stock.

 

Our Board of Directors’ ability to issue “blank check” preferred stock and any anti-takeover provisions we adopt may depress the value of our common stock.

 

Our certificate of incorporation authorizes 20,000,000 shares of “blank-check” preferred stock, of which 19,333,231 remain available for issuance. Our Board of Directors has the power to issue any or all of the shares of such preferred stock, including the authority to establish one or more series and to fix the powers, preferences, rights and limitations of such class or series, without seeking the approval of our common stockholders, subject to certain limitations on this power under the listing requirements of The NASDAQ Capital Market and the laws of the state of Delaware. The authority of our Board of Directors to issue “blank-check” preferred stock, along with any future anti-takeover measures we may adopt, may, in certain circumstances, delay, deter or prevent takeover attempts and other changes in control of us not approved by our Board of Directors. Thus, our stockholders may lose opportunities to dispose of their shares of our common stock at favorable prices generally available in takeover attempts or that may be available under a merger proposal and the market price of our common stock and the voting and other rights of our stockholders may also be affected.

 

An attorney has sent demand letters to the Board of Directors in a matter involving the failure to obtain valid shareholder approval of an amendment to the Company’s stock plan, which resulted in a violation of Nasdaq listing standards and could result in litigation.

 

In July 2017, an attorney sent demand letters to the Board of Directors purporting to represent stockholders of the Company. The letter claimed that Skyline failed to obtain valid shareholder approval at its July 2016 annual meeting for an amendment to the 2012 Stock Incentive Plan that increased the plan’s share reserve.  As a result, the lawyer claimed that Skyline stock option grants since July 2016 have not been properly approved, constituting a breach of the directors’ fiduciary duties. The attorney’s claim relates to the fact that the sum of the abstentions and “no” votes on the proposal for the plan amendment exceeded the number of “yes” votes. The Company investigated the claims in the letter and concluded that the amendment was not adopted by the necessary stockholder vote. The holders of stock options to purchase 2,584,604 shares that are officers, directors and current employees of the Company entered into agreements that, in addition to any vesting requirements of such options, the options could not be exercised unless and until stockholder approval is obtained for a new Plan amendment to increase the share reserve.

 

Such stockholder approval was obtained in December 2017, and this restriction has terminated. The Company does not believe that this legal matter will have a material adverse effect on its financial condition or results of operation. However, matters involving litigation are inherently uncertain. Further, NASDAQ did assert that there has been a violation of its listing standards, which resulted in NASDAQ providing us with a deficiency letter, however in that same letter NASDAQ advised us that we were compliant based upon our submitted plan. The matter is closed with NASDAQ.

 

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS.

 

Not applicable.

 

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ITEM 2. PROPERTIES.

 

Our corporate offices are located at 2915 Commers Drive, Suite 900, Eagan, Minnesota 55121.   On November 22, 2017, the Company signed a second amendment to our lease last amended on January 28, 2013. The lease as amended has an additional three-year term effective February 1, 2018 ending January 31, 2021. We lease 5,773 square feet at this location, of which 2,945 square feet is used for office space and 2,828 is used for manufacturing. Our lease is effective through January 31, 2021. We expect that this space will be adequate for our current office and manufacturing needs.

 

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.

 

Not applicable.

 

PART II

 

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCK HOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES.

 

Market Information

 

Effective February 2, 2018, our common stock is listed on the NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “AIPT”. Our common stock was listed on The NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “SKLN”. Prior to August 31, 2015, our common stock was quoted by the OTCQB under the symbol “SKLN.QB.” The following table sets forth the high and low bid information for our common stock for each quarter within our last two fiscal years as reported by The NASDAQ Capital Market or the OTCQB, as applicable. The bid prices reflect inter-dealer quotations, do not include retail markups, markdowns, or commissions, and do not necessarily reflect actual transactions. These prices reflect the 1:25 reverse stock split of our outstanding shares effected on October 27, 2016, as well as rounding.

 

Common Stock

 

Quarter Ended  High Bid  Low Bid
       
December 31, 2017  $2.50   $0.99 
September 30, 2017  $2.13   $1.20 
June 30, 2017  $2.59   $1.31 
March 31, 2017  $3.45   $1.75 
           
December 31, 2016  $6.05   $1.52 
September 30, 2016  $6.75   $2.00 
June 30, 2016  $7.25   $2.53 
March 31, 2016  $96.50   $4.13 

 

Holders

 

As of March 19, 2018, there were approximately 134 stockholders of record of our Common Stock and 11 holders of record of the Series B Preferred Stock, 1 holder of record of Series A Warrants, 9 holders of record of our Series B Warrants, 1 holder of record of our Series D Warrants, and 1 holder of record of our Series E Warrants.

 

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Dividend Policy

 

We follow a policy of retaining earnings, if any, to finance the expansion of our business. We have not paid, and do not expect to declare or pay, cash dividends on common stock in the foreseeable future.

 

Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans

 

The information required by Item 5 is incorporated herein by reference to Item 11, under “Equity Compensation Plan Information,” and Item 12 below.

 

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

 

The following is a summary of our transactions during the last three years involving sales of our securities that were not registered under the Securities Act:

  

In January 2015, the Company released 548 shares of common stock from the escrow account pursuant to a settlement agreement. Unless otherwise specified above, the Company believes that all of the above transactions were transactions not involving any public offering within the meaning of Section 4(2) of the Securities Act, since (a) each of the transactions involved the offering of such securities to a substantially limited number of persons; (b) each person took the securities as an investment for his/her/its own account and not with a view to distribution; (c) each person had access to information equivalent to that which would be included in a registration statement on the applicable form under the Securities Act; and (d) each person had knowledge and experience in business and financial matters to understand the merits and risk of the investment; therefore no registration statement needed to be in effect prior to such issuances.

 

On April 8, 2015, the Company sold a senior convertible note, in an original principal amount of $125,000 which shall be convertible into a certain number of shares of Common Stock, in accordance with the terms of the agreement for a purchase price of $125,000 (representing an approximately 20% original issue discount).

 

On May 8, 2015, the Company sold a senior convertible note, in an original principal amount of $150,000 which shall be convertible into a certain number of shares of Common Stock, in accordance with the terms of the agreement for a purchase price of $150,000.

 

On August 31, 2015, the Company consummated the Unit Exchange described in Note 3 under “Unit Exchange”, whereby the Company issued a total of 228,343 Units (the “Exchange Units”) in exchange for the outstanding Series A Preferred Shares, which were then cancelled. The Exchange Units were exempt from registration under the Securities Act pursuant to Section 3(a)(9) thereof.

 

In May 2016, the Company issued 135,995 shares of common stock, par value $0.01, at $3.75 per share to a vendor for Investment Banking Services.

 

On July 1, 2016, the Company issued inducement stock options in accordance with NASDAQ listing rules for 40,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.01, at $3.75 per share to the Company’s newly hired Vice President of Sales. The options will vest in six equal increments: on the first, second, third, fourth, fifth and sixth quarters of the hiring date anniversary. The options were granted outside of the Company’s stock incentive plan but are subject to terms and conditions generally consistent with the plan. The issuance of these inducement options was made pursuant to the exemption set forth in Section 4(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended for transactions not involving a public offering, and regulations promulgated thereunder.

 

In September 2016, the Company issued 26,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.01, at $4.50 per share to a vendor for Investment Relations Services.

 

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On October 4, 2016, the Company issued 400,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.01, to be held in escrow in connection with the Company’s Partnership and Exclusive Reseller Agreement with GLG Pharma, LLC. For this issuance, the Company relied on the exemption from federal registration under Section 4(2) of the Securities Act of 1933 and/or Rule 506 promulgated thereunder, based on the Company’s belief that the offer and the sale of the shares did not involve a public offering.

 

On April 19, 2017, the Company terminated the agreement with GLG Pharma, LLC. As a result, the Company received back the 400,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.01, that was held in escrow regarding the Partnership and Exclusive Reseller Agreement with GLG Pharma, LLC.

 

On April 24, 2017, the Company issued 100,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.01, at $2.20 per share to a vendor for Consulting Services.

 

On July 20, 2017, the Company issued an additional 43,333 shares of common stock, par value $0.01, at $1.49 per share for the same consulting services pursuant to the April contract that included a conditional reset during the first nine months of the term of the agreement.

 

On October 13, 2017, the Company issued 50,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.01, at $1.58 per share to a vendor for Investor Relations Services.

 

On January 12, 2018, the Company issued 1,100,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.01, at $0.9497 per share, in exchange for 2,500,000 shares of Helomics Holding Corporation Series A Preferred Stock. The 1,100,000 shares of Company common stock are being held in escrow by Corporate Stock Transfer, Inc. as escrow agent. While the Company shares are held in escrow, they will be voted as directed by the Company’s board of directors and management. The Company shares will be released to Helomics following a determination the Helomics’ revenues in any 12-month period have been equal to or greater than $8,000,000. The exchange of shares resulted in the Company owning 20% of Helomics outstanding stock.

 

Unless otherwise specified above, the Company believes that all of the above transactions were transactions not involving any public offering within the meaning of Section 4(2) of the Securities Act, since (a) each of the transactions involved the offering of such securities to a substantially limited number of persons; (b) each person took the securities as an investment for his/her/its own account and not with a view to distribution; (c) each person had access to information equivalent to that which would be included in a registration statement on the applicable form under the Securities Act; and (d) each person had knowledge and experience in business and financial matters to understand the merits and risk of the investment; therefore no registration statement needed to be in effect prior to such issuances.

 

ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA.

 

Not Required.

 

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

 

Information Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

 

This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains “forward-looking statements” that indicate certain risks and uncertainties related to the Company, many of which are beyond the Company’s control.  The Company’s actual results could differ materially and adversely from those anticipated in such forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors, including those set forth below and elsewhere in this report.  Important factors that may cause actual results to differ from projections include:

 

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  · Current negative operating cash flows;
  · The terms of any further financing, which may be highly dilutive and may include onerous terms;
  · Risk that we will be unable to protect our intellectual property or claims that we are infringing on others’ intellectual property;
  · The impact of competition, the obtaining and maintenance of any necessary regulatory clearances applicable to applications of the Company’s technology;
  · Inability to attract or retain qualified senior management personnel, including sales and marketing personnel;
  · Risk that we never become profitable if our product is not accepted by potential customers;
  · Possible impact of government regulation and scrutiny;
  · Unexpected costs and operating deficits, and lower than expected sales and revenues, if any;
  · Adverse results of any legal proceedings;
  · The volatility of our operating results and financial condition, and,
  · Other specific risks that may be alluded to in this report.

  

All statements, other than statements of historical facts, included in this report regarding the Company’s growth strategy, future operations, financial position, estimated revenue or losses, projected costs, prospects and plans and objectives of management are forward-looking statements.  When used in this report, the words “will,” “may,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “expect,” “project,” “plan” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain such identifying words.  All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this report.  The Company does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statements or other information contained herein.  Potential investors should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements.  Although Skyline believes that its plans, intentions and expectations reflected in or suggested by the forward-looking statements in this report are reasonable, the Company cannot assure potential investors that these plans, intentions or expectations will be achieved.  The Company discloses important factors that could cause the Company’s actual results to differ materially from its expectations in the “Risk Factors” section and elsewhere in this report.  These cautionary statements qualify all forward-looking statements attributable to the Company or persons acting on its behalf.

 

Information regarding market and industry statistics contained in this report is included based on information available to the Company that it believes is accurate.  It is generally based on academic and other publications that are not produced for purposes of securities offerings or economic analysis.  The Company has not reviewed or included data from all sources, and the Company cannot assure potential investors of the accuracy or completeness of the data included in this report.  Forecasts and other forward-looking information obtained from these sources are subject to the same qualifications and the additional uncertainties accompanying any estimates of future market size, revenue and market acceptance of products and services.  The Company has no obligation to update forward-looking information to reflect actual results or changes in assumptions or other factors that could affect those statements.

 

Overview

 

The Company was originally incorporated on April 23, 2002 in Minnesota as BioDrain Medical, Inc. Effective August 6, 2013, the Company changed its name to Skyline Medical Inc. Pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger effective December 16, 2013, the Company merged with and into a Delaware corporation with the same name that was its wholly-owned subsidiary, with such Delaware Corporation as the surviving corporation of the merger. On August 31, 2015, the Company completed a successful offering and concurrent uplisting to The NASDAQ Capital Market. On February 1, 2018, we filed with the Secretary of State of Delaware a Certificate of Amendment to our Certificate of Incorporation to change our corporate name from Skyline Medical Inc. to Precision Therapeutics Inc., effective February 1, 2018. Because of this change, our common stock trades under the new ticker symbol “AIPT,” effective February 2, 2018.

 

We are a healthcare products and services company that is expanding its business to take advantage of emerging areas of the dynamic healthcare market through sales of its products, through its partnership with Helomics Holding Corporation (“Helomics”) and through pursuit of other strategic relationships to build value. In our STREAMWAY business we manufacture an environmentally conscious system for the collection and disposal of infectious fluids that result from surgical procedures and post-operative care.   Since our inception in 2002, we have invested significant resources into product development.  We believe that our success depends upon converting the traditional process of collecting and disposing of infectious fluids from the operating rooms of medical facilities to our wall-mounted Fluid Management System (“System”) and use of our proprietary cleaning solution and bifurcated filter.

 

We currently have a Vice President of Sales, one in house sales person, five regional sales managers, and an Vice President of International Sales to sell the STREAMWAY System. We are hiring a regional sales representative in Q1 2018 to sell the STREAMWAY in Germany. We have also hired 3 independent contractors to further represent the Company in certain regions of the United States. We have contracted with two General Purchasing Organizations in the United States, Vizient and Intalere, providing customer exposure to more than 10,000 hospitals. The Company has contracted with Alliant Enterprises, LLC, a Service Disabled Veterans Owned Small Business supplier to the federal government. We have executed contracts with three international distributors. Quadromed, is a Canadian distributor who will represent us throughout the entire Canadian country over the next two years, with annual automatic renewals. MediBridge Sarl, is a Swiss distributor representing us in Switzerland entirely over the next two years, with annual automatic renewals. Device Technologies Australia PTY LTD, is an Australian distributor representing us throughout Australia, New Zealand, Fiji and the Pacific Islands over the next five years with annual automatic renewals.

 

Since inception, we have been unprofitable. We incurred net losses of approximately $7.7 million and $6.5 million for the years ended December 31, 2017, and December 31, 2016, respectively. As of December 31, 2017, and December 31, 2016, we had an accumulated deficit of approximately $54.8 million and $47.0 million, respectively. We received approval from the FDA in April 2009 to commence sales and marketing activities of the STREAMWAY System and shipped the first system in 2009. However, there was no significant revenue prior to 2011, primarily due to lack of funds to build and ship the product.

 

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In the first quarter of 2014, the Company commenced sales of an updated version of the STREAMWAY System, which provide a number of enhancements to the existing product line including a more intuitive and easier to navigate control screen, data storage capabilities, and additional inlet ports on the filters, among other improvements. This updated version utilizes improved technology, including the capability for continuous flow and continuous suctioning, as covered by our provisional patent application filed in 2013 and our non-provisional patent application filed in January 2014. We have sold one hundred seven STREAMWAY units through December 2017, and have sold another sixteen units in 2018 for a total of one hundred twenty three units to date.

 

We expect the revenue for STREAMWAY System units to increase significantly at such time as the hospitals approve the use of the units for their applications and place orders for billable units. We also expect an increase in trial based units. Trial basis units are either installed in or hung on the hospital room wall. The unit is connected to the hospital plumbing and sewer systems, as well as, the hospital vacuum system. The unit remains on the customer site for 2 – 4 weeks, as contracted, at no cost to the customer. However, the customer does purchase the disposable kits necessary to effectively operate the units. Once the trial period has expired the unit is either returned to the Company or purchased by the customer. If purchased, at that time, the Company invoices the customer based upon a contracted price negotiated prior to the trial.

 

We have never generated sufficient revenues to fund our capital requirements. We have funded our operations through a variety of debt and equity instruments. See “Liquidity and Capital Resources – Liquidity, Plan of Financing and Going Concern Qualification” and “Liquidity and Capital Resources – Financing Transactions” below.

 

Our future cash requirements and the adequacy of available funds depend on our ability to sell our products and the availability of future financing to fulfill our business plans. See “Plan of Financing; Going Concern Qualification” below.

 

As a company, our limited history of operations makes prediction of future operating results difficult. We believe that period to period comparisons of our operating results should not be relied on as predictive of our future results.

 

Results of Operations

 

Comparison of Year Ended December 31, 2017 with Year Ended December 31, 2016

 

Revenue. We recorded revenue of $655,000 in 2017, compared to $456,000 in 2016.  Revenue in 2017 included the sale of ten STREAMWAY systems and disposable supplies to operate the STREAMWAY. The revenue in 2016 included the sale of four STREAMWAY systems and disposable supplies to operate the STREAMWAY. Our revenues and product sales increased in 2017 due to our new sales force and the full initiation of brand awareness.

 

Cost of sales. Cost of sales was $148,000 in 2017 compared to $182,000 in 2016. The gross profit margin was 77% in 2017 and 60% in 2016. In 2015 the Company absorbed the cost of upgrading or replacing earlier generation systems, which increased our cost of goods sold relevant to actual margin on new units sold. In 2016 we completed those upgrades which still reduced our margins but not as significantly. In 2017 we experienced a higher gross profit percentage, and we currently expect the gross margins on the STREAMWAY System and disposables to continue at a level more comparable to 2017. The Company also developed ways to reduce costs through tooling parts and purchasing different components that improved the STREAMWAY Systems while costing less. As our revenues increase through System sales we expect costs to decline as a percentage of our revenue due to our volume discount purchasing agreements with our suppliers.

 

General and Administrative expense. General and administrative (G&A) expense primarily consists of management salaries, professional fees, consulting fees, travel expense, administrative fees and general office expenses.

 

G&A expense increased to $6,041,000, for 2017 from $5,175,000 in 2016. The $866,000 increase in G&A expenses for 2017, compared to 2016, is primarily due to our Stock Based Compensation and Investors Stock Compensation expenses that increased by $1,480,000 and $903,000, respectively, because of expenses consistent with the award of Company stock options to the directors and employees, and the result of vesting for warrants associated with Company equity offerings completed in 2017, respectively. Consulting increased by $286,000 due to an agreement with a company that assisted and advised the Company on the development and enhancement of the Company’s business. Bonus expense was higher by $139,000 due to an accounting reversal in 2016 because of the former CEO resignation. Corporate insurance increased by $40,000 due to policy changes requiring additional coverage. Salaries, taxes and employee benefits increased by $13,000. Miscellaneous expenses were higher by $4,000 mostly due to a penalty regarding 2015 taxes. Offsets were: $1,019,000 in severance; a 2016 expense for the former CEO resignation settlement; a decrease in legal fees of $749,000 due to a reduction in costs and an accounting reversal from reserving for an extraneous prior year fee; a $167,000 reduction in investor relation expenses mostly due to a reduction of proxy solicitation costs and reduced fees; lower recruiting fees, $42,000, relating to the 2016 hiring of our previous Vice President of Sales; and a combination of reductions in travel, stock transfer expenses, depreciation and amortization and automobile leases totaling $23,000.

 

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Operations expense. Operations expense primarily consists of expenses related to product development and prototyping and testing in the Company’s current stage.

 

Operations expense increased to $1,208,000 in 2017 compared to $1,158,000 in 2016. The $50,000 increase in operations expense in 2017 was primarily due to $230,000 in additional stock based compensation for stock option awards to company employees. Salaries, taxes and employee benefits were higher by $40,000 predominantly due to a full year with the Quality Assurance Manager hired during 2016. Offsets were: $117,000 in reduced research and development costs as 2016 incurred testing and auditing fees for the CE mark; bonus expenses were reduced by $56,000; consulting was $35,000 less due to reduced software upgrades for the STREAMWAY System; and, travel, manufacturing supplies and shipping were decreased by a combined $13,000.

 

Sales and marketing expense. Sales and marketing expense consists of expenses required to sell products through independent reps, attendance at trade shows, product literature and other sales and marketing activities.

 

Sales and marketing expenses increased to $1,004,000 in 2017 compared to $468,000 in 2016. The $536,000 increase is a result of $287,000 in salaries, taxes and employee benefits due to hiring regional sales managers. Travel increased by $94,000 as the entire sales team began intensive sales including live demonstrations. Our public relations campaign increased by $60,000 with new focus generated by a consultant. Sales and Marketing was up by $50,000 in line with our efforts to penetrate the Veterans Administration and Department of Defense; we hired a consultant as an advocate into those sites. Tangential to sales increasing our commissions were higher by $40,000. Stock based compensation was higher by $17,000 due to vesting of inducement awards to the Vice President of Sales. Trade shows, supplies, shipping and miscellaneous expenses combined for an increase of $27,000. Offsets were decreases in direct advertising and promotion, $34,000, and web development, $6,000.

 

Interest Expense. There was no significant interest expense in 2017 or 2016, as the Company had no indebtedness.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Payment Obligations Under Separation Agreement With Former CEO

 

Effective May 5, 2016, Joshua Kornberg resigned as the Chief Executive Officer and President and an employee of the Company. In connection with Mr. Kornberg’s resignation, the Company and Mr. Kornberg entered into a separation agreement on June 13, 2016 (the “Separation Agreement”). Pursuant to the Separation Agreement, on July 15, 2016, the Company was required to pay Mr. Kornberg: (a) $15,443.20 less any required tax withholdings in a lump sum on July 15, 2016; and (b) $75,000 less any required tax withholdings on July 15, 2016. The Company was required to pay Mr. Kornberg an additional $75,000 less any required tax withholdings payable in 6 monthly installments of $12,500, due on the first regular payday of each month, starting on August 15, 2016; and (d) an additional $450,000 less any required tax withholdings payable in 11 monthly installments of $40,909, due on the first regular payday of each month, starting on February 15, 2017. The Company issued to Mr. Kornberg a restricted stock award (the “Award”) under the Company’s stock incentive plan consisting of 20,000 shares. The Award vested on July 15, 2016. The value of the Award for purposes of the Separation Agreement (the “Award Value”) was $90,351. Mr. Kornberg agreed that the withholding taxes in connection with the Award will be offset against cash payments otherwise due to him in four monthly installments. In addition, the Company agreed to, at its option, decided to pay Mr. Kornberg $309,649 (the “Additional Cash Amount”), equal to the difference between $400,000 and the Award Value, payable in equal monthly installments of $40,909, due on the first regular payday of each month, starting on January 15, 2018, less any required tax withholding. Under the Separation Agreement, all of Mr. Kornberg’s outstanding stock options and outstanding restricted stock prior to the date of the Separation Agreement were canceled, consisting of options to purchase 22,085 shares and 2,667 shares of restricted stock.  

 

Cash Flows for the Year Ended December 31, 2017

 

Net cash used in operating activities was $4,460,000 for 2017, compared with net cash used of $4,381,000 for 2016. The cash use increases in 2017 were for reductions in accrued expenses predominantly for legal expenses, increases in prepaid expenses mainly for annual corporate insurance deposits and for monthly invoices that are due prior to the first of the next month; also accountable were decreases in accounts payable and due to sales, increases in accounts receivable.

 

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Cash flows used in investing activities was $1,653,000 for 2017 and $423,000 in 2016. Our investment expense in 2017 was primarily for notes receivable pertaining to the secured loans to CytoBioscience and Helomics.

 

Net cash provided by financing activities was $5,115,000 for 2017 compared to net cash provided of $1,712,000 for 2016.  In 2017, proceeds were received from a firm commitment underwritten offering. Gross proceeds to the Company from the offering was approximately $3,937,500 before deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and other estimated offering expenses payable by the Company. Additionally, the underwriter exercised their over-allotment from the offering. Net proceeds to the Company from the exercise of the over-allotment in full were approximately $358,312, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and before deducting estimated offering expenses payable by the Company. Also in 2017, the Company completed a Private Placement for shares of our Series C Preferred Stock. The Company received gross proceeds of $1,300,000 before deducting expenses payable by the Company.

 

Liquidity, Plan of Financing and Going Concern Qualification

 

Since our inception, we have incurred significant losses, and our accumulated deficit was approximately $54.8 million as of December 31, 2017. Our operations from inception have been funded with private placements of convertible debt securities and equity securities, in addition to a past bank loan (not currently outstanding) and a registered direct offering raising a net $1,712,000 in 2016 and a qualified public offering raising a net $13,555,003, after deducting underwriting discounts, commissions and expenses in 2015. We currently have no outstanding bank debt and no secured indebtedness. The Company raised an additional net of $3,509,000 in January 2017 because of a public offering. Another Company raise resulted in $1,300,000 gross proceeds in November 2017. In January 2018, the Company received $2,900,000 gross proceeds from a firm commitment underwritten public offering.

 

Our cash and cash equivalents balance on January 31, 2018 was approximately $2.8 million. The Company currently has no indebtedness. We have not achieved profitability and anticipate that we will continue to incur net losses at least through the first two quarters of 2018.

 

We had revenues of $655,000 in 2017, but we had negative operating cash flows of $4.5 million. Our cash balance was $0.8 million as of December 31, 2017, and our accounts payable and accrued expenses were an aggregate $0.9 million. We are currently incurring negative operating cash flows of approximately $380,000 per month. Although we are attempting to curtail our expenses, there is no guarantee that we will be able to reduce these expenses significantly, and expenses for some periods may be higher as we prepare our product for broader sales, increase our sales efforts and maintain adequate inventories.

 

We may require additional funding to finance operating expenses of our STREAMWAY business and to invest in our sales organization and new product development and to pursue sales in the international marketplace. We have committed significant capital and management resources to developing our CRO business and other new business areas, and we intend to continue to devote significant and management resources to new businesses. In 2017, we have provided $668,000 in financing to Helomics, of which $500,000 in principal amount has been converted into an equity interest in Helomics and $168,000 in principal amount is subject to secured notes that remain outstanding. In addition, in August 2017, we entered into a merger agreement with CytoBioscience, which was subsequently terminated in November 2017. From July 2017 through November 2017, we advanced $1,070,000 to CytoBioscience in the form of secured notes, which are still outstanding. It is likely that we will make further investments and advances in other businesses as we develop our CRO business and other business models. There can be no assurance that any of the outstanding balances of our existing promissory notes or future advances will be repaid. Further, there is no assurance that our equity investment in Helomics or other investments in new businesses will result in significant value for the Company. Therefore, we could invest significant capital in other business enterprises with no certainty when or whether we will realize a return on these investments. Investments in cash will deplete our capital resources, meaning that we will be required to raise significant amounts of new capital. There is no assurance that we will be successful in raising sufficient capital, and the terms of any such financing will be dilutive to our stockholders. We may also acquire technologies or companies by issuing stock or other equity securities rather than or in addition to payment of cash, which may have the result of diluting the investment of our stockholders. Further, the energy and resources of our officers and personnel are being substantially diverted to these new lines of business, which are unproven. If these businesses are unsuccessful or require too great of a financial investment to be profitable, our business may fail regardless of the level of success of our STREAMWAY business.

 

If necessary, we will attempt to raise these funds through equity or debt financing, alternative offerings or other means. If we are successful in securing adequate funding we plan to make significant capital or equipment investments, and we will also continue to make human resource additions over the next 12 months. Such additional financing may be dilutive to existing stockholders, and there is no assurance that such financing will be available upon acceptable terms. If such financing or adequate funds from operations are not available, we will be forced to limit our business activities, which will have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

 

As a result of the above factors, our independent registered public accounting firm has indicated in their audit opinion, contained in our financial statements included in this annual report on Form 10-K, that they have serious doubts about our ability to continue as a going concern. The financial statements have been prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern.

 

Financing Transactions

 

We have funded our operations through a combination of debt and equity instruments. We have funded our operations through an early bank loan (since repaid), and a variety of debt and equity offerings.   

 

Series A Preferred Stock. On February 4, 2014, we raised $2,055,000 in gross proceeds from a private placement of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock. The investors purchased 20,550 Preferred Shares, and warrants (the “Warrants”) initially to acquire an aggregate of approximately 21,334 shares of Common Stock. The Warrants were initially exercisable at an exercise price of $24.38 per share and expire after five years from the Closing Date. In August 2014, because the Common Stock was not listed on the Nasdaq Stock Market, the New York Stock Exchange, or the NYSE MKT within 180 days of the closing date, the Company was required to issue 61,542 additional Warrants. As a result of not reaching certain sales goals by January 2015, the number of shares of Common stock for which such Warrants may be exercised were increased 2.5 times under the terms of the Warrants; these additional Warrants were subsequently canceled in connection with the Unit Exchange described below. The Warrants are exercisable on any day or after the date of issuance, and have a term of five years. However, a holder is prohibited from exercising a Warrant if, as a result of such exercise, the holder, together with its affiliates, would exceed certain limitations on conversion so that the holder will not own more than 4.99% of the number of shares of the Common Stock outstanding immediately after giving effect to the issuance of shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the Warrants held by the applicable holder, with the percentage subject to increase in certain circumstances.

 

The Preferred Shares were initially convertible at the option of the holder into the number of shares of Common Stock determined by dividing the stated value of the Preferred Shares being converted by the conversion price of $19.50, reduced in July 2015 to $9.75 per share, subject to adjustment for stock splits, reverse stock splits and similar recapitalization events. The Preferred Shares were entitled to receive dividends on a pari passu basis with the Common Stock, when, and if declared. Upon any liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of the Company, after the satisfaction in full of the debts of the Company and the payment of any liquidation preference owed to the holders of senior preferred shares, the holders of the Series A Preferred Shares were entitled to receive, prior and in preference to the holders of any junior securities, an amount equal to $2,055,000 times 1.2, plus all declared but unpaid dividends.

 

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On August 31, 2015, the Company completed the Unit Exchange as described below under “Public Offering of Units – Unit Exchange.” After the Unit Exchange, there were no shares of Series A Preferred Stock outstanding.

 

2014 and 2015 Private Placements of Convertible Notes and Warrants.

 

From July through September 2014, we issued approximately $1.8 million original principal amount (subsequently reduced to approximately $1.6 million aggregate principal amount in accordance with their terms) of convertible promissory notes (the “2014 Convertible Notes”) and warrants exercisable for shares of our common stock for an aggregate purchase price of $1,475,000 in private placements. Of this amount, we issued to SOK Partners, LLC, an affiliate of the Company, $122,196 original principal amount of the 2014 Convertible Notes and warrants exercisable for 5,431 shares of our common stock for an aggregate purchase price of $100,000. In April and May 2015, we issued and sold to a private investor additional Convertible Notes in an aggregate original principal amount of $275,000 for an aggregate purchase price of $250,000, containing terms substantially similar to the 2014 Convertible Notes (the “2015 Convertible Notes” and, together with the 2014 Convertible Notes, the “Convertible Notes”). No warrants were issued with the 2015 Convertible Notes. The Warrants issued to the purchasers of the 2014 Convertible Notes are exercisable on any day on or after the date of issuance and have an exercise price of $12.38 per share, subject to adjustment, and a term of five years from the date of issuance. The holders, will not be entitled, by virtue of being holders of the Warrants, to vote, to consent, to receive dividends, to receive notice as stockholders with respect to any meeting of stockholders for the election of the Company’s directors or any other matter, or to exercise any rights whatsoever as our stockholders. If, however, the Company decides to declare a dividend or make distributions of its assets, the holders will be entitled to such distribution to the same extent that the holders would have participated therein if the holder had held the number of shares of Common Stock acquirable upon complete exercise of the Warrants. At any time in connection with certain events relating to a change of control, the Company or the successor entity (as the case may be) may be required to purchase the Warrants from the holder in an amount equal to the Black Scholes Value (as defined in the Warrants).

 

In August of 2014, as a result of the Company filing a resale registration statement and the SEC declaring it effective within certain time periods, (1) the outstanding principal amount of the 2014 Convertible Notes was reduced from $1,802,395 to $1,603,270 (without any cash payment by the Company) and any accrued and unpaid interest with respect to such portion of the principal amount of the Notes that was extinguished was similarly extinguished, and (2) the number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of the related Warrants was reduced from 80,106 shares of Common Stock to 71,257 shares of Common Stock (without any cash payment by the Company). In connection with this reduction, the principal amount of the Convertible Note issued to SOK Partners, LLC was reduced to $108,695 and the number of related warrants was reduced to 4,831 shares.

  

On August 31, 2015, in connection with the Offering, as described below, pursuant to an agreement with the holders of the Convertible Notes, the Company redeemed the remaining $933,074 aggregate principal amount of Convertible Notes plus interest and a 40% redeemable premium, for a total payment of $1,548,792. Of this amount, approximately $167,031 was paid to its affiliates in redemption of their Convertible Notes. Each holder of the Convertible Notes agreed to the foregoing terms and entered into an Amendment to Senior Convertible Notes and Agreement with the Company. As of September 30, 2015, none of the Convertible Notes were outstanding.

 

2015 Public Offering of Units and Subsequent 2016 Exchange Offer

 

On August 31, 2015 (the “Issuance Date”), the Company completed a public offering (the “Offering”) of 1,666,667 Units (the “Units”) as described below. The public offering price in the Offering was $9.00 per Unit, and the purchase price for the underwriter of the Offering (the “Underwriter”) was $8.28 per Unit, resulting in an underwriting discount and commission of $0.72 (or 8.00%) per Unit and total net proceeds to the Company before expenses of $13.8 million. The Company had granted the Underwriter an option for a period of 45 days to purchase up to an additional 250,000 Units solely to cover over-allotments. The Underwriter chose not to purchase any additional Units under the over-allotment option. The Company paid to the Underwriter a non-accountable expense allowance equal to 1% of the gross proceeds of the Offering and agreed to reimburse expenses incurred by the Underwriter up to $70,000. On August 31, 2015, as a result of the consummation of the Offering and the issuance of the 228,343 Exchange Units in the Unit Exchange described below, the Company issued a total of 1,895,010 Units, comprised of a total of aggregate of 75,801 shares of Common Stock, 1,895,010 shares of Series B Preferred Stock and 7,580,040 Series A Warrants.

 

Each Unit consisted of one share of common stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Common Stock”), one share of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (“Series B Preferred Stock”) and four Series A Warrants. The shares of Common Stock, the shares of Series B Preferred Stock and the Series A Warrants that comprise the Units automatically separated on February 29, 2016.

 

Series A Warrants. The Series A Warrants separated from the Series B Convertible Preferred Stock and the Common Stock included within the Units as described above and are currently exercisable. The Series A Warrants will terminate on August 31, 2020. Each Series A Warrant is exercisable into one share of Common Stock at an initial cash exercise price of $123.75 per share. The exercise price and number of shares of common stock issuable upon exercise is subject to appropriate adjustment in the event of stock dividends, stock splits, reorganizations or similar events affecting the Common Stock and the exercise price.

 

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Holders may exercise Series A Warrants by paying the exercise price in cash or, in lieu of payment of the exercise price in cash, by electing to receive a number of shares of Common Stock equal to the Black Scholes Value (as defined below) based upon the number of shares the holder elects to exercise. The number of shares of Common Stock to be delivered will be determined according to the following formula, referred to as the “Cashless Exercise.”

 

Total Shares = (A x B) / C

 

Where:

 

  · Total Shares is the number of shares of Common Stock to be issued upon a Cashless Exercise.

 

  · A is the total number of shares with respect to which the Series A Warrant is then being exercised.

 

  · B is the Black Scholes Value (as defined below).

 

  · C is the closing bid price of the Common Stock as of two trading days prior to the time of such exercise, provided that in no event may “C” be less than $0.43 per share (subject to appropriate adjustment in the event of stock dividends, stock splits or similar events affecting the Common Stock).

 

As defined in the Series A Warrants, “Black Scholes Value” means the Black Scholes value of an option for one share of Common Stock at the date of the applicable Cashless Exercise, as such Black Scholes Value is determined, calculated using the Black Scholes Option Pricing Model obtained from the “OV” function on Bloomberg utilizing Ii) an underlying price per share equal to 55% of the Unit price, or $123.75 per share, (ii) a risk-free interest rate corresponding to the U.S. Treasury rate for a period equal to the remaining term of the Series A Warrant as of the applicable Cashless Exercise, (iii) a strike price equal to the exercise price in effect at the time of the applicable Cashless Exercise, (iv) an expected volatility equal to 135% and (v) a remaining term of such option equal to five years (regardless of the actual remaining term of the Series A Warrant). In the event that the Black Scholes Pricing Model from the “OV” function on Bloomberg is unavailable, the Company will calculate the Black Scholes Value in good faith, which calculation shall be definitive.

 

The Black Scholes Value (as defined above) as of September 30, 2016 was $4.319, and the closing bid price of Common Stock as of September 30, 2016, was $4.125. Therefore, an exercise on that date would have resulted in the issuance of .40 shares of Common Stock for each Series A Warrant. Approximately 6,141,115 Series A Warrants have been exercised in cashless exercises as of September 30, 2016, resulting in the issuance of 2,318,663 shares of Common Stock. If all of the remaining 35,084 Series A Warrants that were issued as part of the Units sold in the Offering and part of the Units issued on August 31, 2015 were exercised pursuant to a cashless exercise and the closing bid price of our common stock as of the two trading days prior to the time of such exercise was $0.43 per share or less and the Black Scholes Value were $4.319 (the Black Scholes Value as of September 30, 2016), then a total of approximately 564 shares of our common stock would be issued to the holders of such Series A Warrants.

 

The Series A Warrants will not be exercisable or exchangeable by the holder of such warrants to the extent (and only to the extent) that the holder or any of its affiliates would beneficially own in excess of 4.99% of the common stock of the Company, determined in accordance with Section 13(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the regulations promulgated thereunder.

 

In addition to (but not duplicative of) the adjustments to the exercise price and the number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the Series A Warrants in the event of stock dividends, stock splits, reorganizations or similar events, the Series A Warrants provide for certain adjustments if the Company, at any time prior to the three year anniversary of the Issuance Date, (1) declares or makes any dividend or other distribution of its assets (or rights to acquire its assets) to all or substantially all of the holders of shares of Common Stock at any time after the Issuance Date, or (2) grants, issues or sells any options, convertible securities or rights to purchase stock, warrants, securities or other property pro rata to all or substantially all of the record holders of any class of shares of Common Stock. Further, if at any time a Series A Warrant is outstanding, the Company consummates any fundamental transaction, as described in the Series A Warrants and generally including any consolidation or merger into another corporation, or the sale of all or substantially all of our assets, or other transaction in which the Common Stock is converted into or exchanged for other securities or other consideration, the holder of any Series A Warrants will thereafter receive, the securities or other consideration to which a holder or the number of shares of Common Stock then deliverable upon the exercise or exchange of such Series A Warrants would have been entitled upon such consolidation or merger or other transaction.

 

Unit Purchase Option. The Company, in connection with the Offering, entered into a Unit Purchase Option Agreement, dated as of August 31, 2015 (the “Unit Purchase Option”), pursuant to which the Company granted the Underwriter the right to purchase from the Company up to a number of Units equal to 5% of the Units sold in the Offering (or up to 83,333 Units) at an exercise price equal to 125% of the public offering price of the Units in the Offering, or $11.25 per Unit. The Unit Purchase Option was terminated in May 2016 in exchange for 135,995 shares of common stock.

 

Series B Preferred Stock. Each share of Series B Preferred Stock is convertible into one share of Common Stock (subject to appropriate adjustment in the event of stock dividends, stock splits, reorganizations or similar events) on the six-month anniversary of the Issuance Date or on the date of an Early Separation. In addition, the Series B Preferred Stock will automatically convert into shares of common stock upon the occurrence of a fundamental transaction, as described in the certificate of designations for the Series B Preferred Stock but including mergers, sales of the company’s assets, changes in control and similar transactions. The Series B Preferred Stock is not convertible by the holder of such preferred stock to the extent (and only to the extent) that the holder or any of its affiliates would beneficially own in excess of 4.99% of the common stock of the Company. The Series B Preferred Stock has no voting rights, except for the right to approve certain amendments to the certificate of designations or similar actions. With respect to payment of dividends and distribution of assets upon liquidation or dissolution or winding up of the Company, the Series B Preferred Stock shall rank equal to the common stock of the Company. No sinking fund has been established for the retirement or redemption of the Series B Preferred Stock.

 

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Unit Exchange. On February 4, 2014, the Company raised $2,055,000 in gross proceeds from a private placement of 20,550 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock, par value $0.01, with a stated value of $100 per share (the “Series A Preferred Shares”) and warrants to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock. The Series A Preferred Shares and warrants were sold to investors pursuant to a Securities Purchase Agreement, dated as of February 4, 2014. On August 31, 2015, the Company issued a total of 228,343 Units (the “Exchange Units”) in exchange for the outstanding Series A Preferred Stock which were then cancelled pursuant to an agreement with the holders of the Series A Preferred Shares. The warrants that were issued in connection with the issuance of the Series A Preferred Shares remained outstanding; however, the warrant amounts were reduced so that the warrants are exercisable into an aggregate of 3,391 shares of the Company’s common stock. The Exchange Units were exempt from registration under Section 3(a) (9) of the Securities Act. On August 31, 2015, the Company filed a termination certificate with the Delaware Secretary of State. Following that date there were no shares of Series A Preferred Stock outstanding, and the previously authorized shares of Series A Preferred Stock resumed the status of authorized but unissued and undesignated shares of preferred stock of the Company.

 

Redemption of Convertible Notes. In connection with the closing of the Offering, $933,074 aggregate principal amount of Convertible Notes plus interest and a 40% redeemable premium were redeemed for total payments of $1,548,792. See Note 4. Of this amount, approximately $167,031 was paid to its affiliates in redemption of their Convertible Notes.

 

March 2016 Registered Exchange Offer for Units. On March 25, 2016, the Company commenced a registered exchange offer (the “Exchange Offer”) to exchange Series B Warrants (the “Series B Warrants”) to purchase shares of our Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Warrant Shares”), for up to an aggregate of 3,157,186 outstanding Series A Warrants (the “Series A Warrants”). On March 31, 2016, each Series A Warrant could be exercised on a cashless basis for 10.05 shares of Common Stock. Each Series B Warrant may be exercised on a cashless basis for one share of Common Stock. For each outstanding Series A Warrant tendered by holders, we offered to issue 10.2 Series B Warrants, which are subject to cashless exercise at a fixed rate of one share of Common Stock per Series B Warrant (subject to further adjustment for stock splits, etc.). The Exchange Offer expired at midnight, Eastern time, on April 21, 2016. 1,770,556 Series A Warrants were tendered by holders. The Company delivered an aggregate of 18,059,671 Series B Warrants pursuant to the terms of the exchange offer. In addition, between March 31, 2016 and July 6, 2016 1,251,510 Series A Warrants were exercised in cashless exercises, resulting in the issuance of 503,034 shares of Common Stock.

 

November 2016 Registered Direct Offering

 

On November 29, 2016, the Company closed a registered direct offering for gross proceeds of $1,938,337. The offering consisted of 756,999 shares of common stock priced at $2.62 per share and five-year warrants for 756,999 shares of common stock that become exercisable in six months, with a strike price of $4.46 per share. The net proceeds from the sale of the securities, after deducting placement agent fees and related offering expenses, was $1,739,770.

 

January 2017 Public Offering of Units

 

On January 19, 2017, the Company closed a firm commitment underwritten public offering of 1,750,000 Units at an offering price of $2.25 per Unit, with each Unit consisting of one share of the Company’s common stock and 0.2 of a Series D Warrant, with each whole Series D Warrant purchasing one share of our common stock at an exercise price of $2.25 per whole share. The shares of the common stock and the Series D Warrants were immediately separable and were issued separately. Gross proceeds to the Company from the offering were approximately $3,937,500 before deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and other estimated offering expenses payable by the Company. The Company also granted the underwriter a 45-day option to purchase an additional (i) up to 175,000 additional shares of Common Stock at the public offering price per unit less the price per warrant included in the unit and less the underwriting discount and/or (ii) additional warrants to purchase up to 35,000 additional shares of Common Stock at a purchase price of $0.001 per warrant to cover over-allotments, if any. Subsequently, the underwriter exercised the over-allotment option in full to purchase 175,000 additional shares of Common Stock and Series D Warrants to purchase 35,000 additional shares of Common Stock. The closing of the exercise of the over-allotment option occurred on February 22, 2017. Gross proceeds to the Company were approximately $393,750. Net proceeds to the Company were approximately $358,312 after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and before deducting estimated offering expenses payable by the Company.

 

November 2017 Private Placement of Preferred Stock and Warrants

 

On November 30, 2017, the Company closed a private placement of a newly created series of preferred stock designated as “Series C Convertible Preferred Stock” with a New York based Family Office. Pursuant to the Securities Purchase Agreement, the investor purchased 1,213,819 shares of Series C stock at a purchase price of $1.071 per Series C Share, together with a warrant to purchase up to 606,910 shares of common stock. The warrant has an exercise price of $1.26 per share, subject to adjustment, has a five and one-half year term and is exercisable commencing six months following the date of issuance. Total gross proceeds to Skyline were $1,300,000 before deducting expenses and will be used for general working capital. In connection with the Offering and pursuant to a registration rights agreement, the Company has agreed to file a “resale” registration statement covering all of the shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of the warrant. Pursuant to the Securities Purchase agreement, and as of this filing date, all the Preferred Series C shares were converted at a conversion rate of 1.167 to a maximum of 1,250,269 shares of common stock. The remaining 142,466 shares of Preferred Series C stock were cancelled with a redemption payment to the holder for $189,285.

 

January 2018 Public Offering of Common Stock and Warrants

 

In January 2018, the Company completed a firm commitment underwritten public offering of 2,900,000 Units at an offering price of $0.95 per Unit, with each Unit consisting of one share of the Company’s Common Stock and 0.3 of a Series E Warrant, with each whole Series E Warrant purchasing one share of common stock at an exercise price of $1.00 per whole share. The shares of Common Stock and Series E Warrants were immediately separable and were issued separately. Gross proceeds were approximately $2,755,000, before deducting expenses. The Company granted the underwriter a 45-day option to purchase an additional (i) up to 290,000 additional shares of Common Stock at the public offering price per Unit less the price of the Series E Warrant included in the Units and less the underwriting discount and/or (ii) additional Series E Warrants to purchase up to 87,000 additional shares of common stock at a purchase price of $0.001 per Series E Warrant to cover over-allotments, if any. On February 21, 2018, the underwriter exercised on 215,247 shares of common stock, par value $0.01, at $0.9497 per share as described in the Underwriting Agreement. The Company received net proceeds of $188,066 after deductions of $16,354 representing the Underwriter’s discount of 8% of the purchase price of the shares.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our audited Financial Statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”).  The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the date of our financial statements, the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods presented, as well as our disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities.  On an on-going basis, we evaluate our estimates and assumptions, including, but not limited to, fair value of stock-based compensation, fair value of acquired intangible assets and goodwill, useful lives of intangible assets and property and equipment, income taxes, and contingencies and litigation.

 

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We base our estimates and assumptions on our historical experience and on various other information available to us at the time that these estimates and assumptions are made.  We believe that these estimates and assumptions are reasonable under the circumstances and form the basis for our making judgments about the carrying values of our assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources.  Actual results and outcomes could differ from our estimates.

 

Our significant accounting policies are described in “Note 1 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies,” in Notes to Financial Statements of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We believe that the following discussion addresses our critical accounting policies and reflects those areas that require more significant judgments, and use of estimates and assumptions in the preparation of our Financial Statements.

 

Revenue Recognition.   The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with the SEC’s Staff Account Bulletin Revenue Recognition and ASC 606 – Revenue Recognition.

 

We recognize revenue when the following criteria are met: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists – we receive both a signed purchase order and contract of terms and conditions confirming the sale from the customer; delivery has occurred – the goods are shipped from our warehouse and delivered and accepted by the customer; the selling price is fixed or determinable – confirmed on the customer purchase order and then invoiced immediately upon shipment of the goods; and collectability is reasonably assured – our customers are long standing hospitals, ambulatory surgical centers and others that pass credit checks. The terms of our agreements with our customers are specified in written agreements. These written agreements, the purchase order and the matching invoice, constitute the persuasive evidence of the arrangements with our customers that are a precondition to the recognition of revenue.

 

We undertake an evaluation of the creditworthiness of both new and, on a periodic basis, existing customers. Based on these reviews we determine whether collection of our prospective revenue is probable.

 

We have adopted the provisions of Accounting Standards Update, or “ASU” 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Accounting Standards Codification, or “ASC” 606), which requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. Companies are permitted to adopt ASC 606 using a full retrospective or modified retrospective method. We adopted the standard on January 1, 2018 using a modified retrospective method.

 

While we continue to assess all potential impacts of the standard, it is currently anticipated that the standard will not have a material impact on our financial statements.

 

Stock-Based Compensation.   Effective January 1, 2006, we adopted ASC 718- Compensation-Stock Compensation (“ASC 718”).  Under ASC 718 stock-based employee compensation cost is recognized using the fair value based method for all new awards granted after January 1, 2006 and unvested awards outstanding at January 1, 2006. Compensation costs for unvested stock options and non-vested awards that were outstanding at January 1, 2006, are being recognized over the requisite service period based on the grant-date fair value of those options and awards, using a straight-line method. We elected the modified-prospective method in adopting ASC 718 under which prior periods are not retroactively restated.

 

ASC 718 requires companies to estimate the fair value of stock-based payment awards on the date of grant using an option-pricing model. We use the Black-Scholes option-pricing model which requires the input of significant assumptions including an estimate of the average period of time employees and directors will retain vested stock options before exercising them, the estimated volatility of our common stock price over the expected term, the number of options that will ultimately be forfeited before completing vesting requirements and the risk-free interest rate.

 

Because we do not have significant historical trading data on our common stock we relied upon trading data from a composite of 10 medical companies traded on major exchanges and 15 medical companies quoted by the OTC Bulletin Board to help us arrive at expectations as to volatility of our own stock when public trading commences.  In 2013 the Company experienced significant exercises of options and warrants.  The options raised $6,500 in capital. Warrants exercised for cash produced $1,330,000 of capital. In the case of options and warrants issued to consultants and investors we used the legal term of the option/warrant as the estimated term unless there was a compelling reason to use a shorter term. The measurement date for employee and non-employee options and warrants is the grant date of the option or warrant.  The vesting period for options that contain service conditions is based upon management’s best estimate as to when the applicable service condition will be achieved.  Changes in the assumptions can materially affect the estimate of fair value of stock-based compensation and, consequently, the related expense recognized.  The assumptions we use in calculating the fair value of stock-based payment awards represent our best estimates, which involve inherent uncertainties and the application of management's judgment.  As a result, if factors change and we use different assumptions, our equity-based compensation expense could be materially different in the future. See “Note 3 – Stockholders’ Deficit, Stock Options and Warrants” in Notes to Financial Statements of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information.

 

When an option or warrant is granted in place of cash compensation for services, we deem the value of the service rendered to be the value of the option or warrant.  In most cases, however, an option or warrant is granted in addition to other forms of compensation and its separate value is difficult to determine without utilizing an option pricing model.  For that reason we also use the Black-Scholes option-pricing model to value options and warrants granted to non-employees, which requires the input of significant assumptions including an estimate of the average period that investors or consultants will retain vested stock options and warrants before exercising them, the estimated volatility of our common stock price over the expected term, the number of options and warrants that will ultimately be forfeited before completing vesting requirements and the risk-free interest rate.  Changes in the assumptions can materially affect the estimate of fair value of stock-based compensation and, consequently, the related expense recognizes that. Since we have no trading history in our common stock and no first-hand experience with how our investors and consultants have acted in similar circumstances, the assumptions we use in calculating the fair value of stock-based payment awards represent our best estimates, which involve inherent uncertainties and the application of management's judgment.  As a result, if factors change and we use different assumptions, our equity-based consulting and interest expense could be materially different in the future.

 

Since our common stock has no significant public trading history we were required to take an alternative approach to estimating future volatility and the future results could vary significantly from our estimates.  We compiled historical volatilities over a period of 2 to 7 years of 10 small-cap medical companies traded on major exchanges and 15 medical companies in the middle of the market cap size range on the OTC Bulletin Board and combined the results using a weighted average approach.  In the case of standard options to employees we determined the expected life to be the midpoint between the vesting term and the legal term.  In the case of options or warrants granted to non-employees, we estimated the life to be the legal term unless there was a compelling reason to make it shorter.

 

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Valuation of Intangible Assets.    We review identifiable intangible assets for impairment in accordance with ASC 350- Intangibles – Goodwill and Other, whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying amount may not be recoverable. Our intangible assets are currently solely the costs of obtaining trademarks and patents.  Events or changes in circumstances that indicate the carrying amount may not be recoverable include, but are not limited to, a significant change in the medical device marketplace and a significant adverse change in the business climate in which we operate. If such events or changes in circumstances are present, the undiscounted cash flows method is used to determine whether the intangible asset is impaired. Cash flows would include the estimated terminal value of the asset and exclude any interest charges. If the carrying value of the asset exceeds the undiscounted cash flows over the estimated remaining life of the asset, the asset is considered impaired, and the impairment is measured by reducing the carrying value of the asset to its fair value using the discounted cash flows method. The discount rate utilized is based on management's best estimate of the related risks and return at the time the impairment assessment is made. The Company wrote off the entire original STREAMWAY product patent of $140,588 in June 2013. The balance represented intellectual property in the form of patents for our original STREAMWAY product. The Company’s enhanced STREAMWAY product has a new patent pending, see “Patents and Intellectual Property.”

 

Recent Accounting Developments

 

See “Note 1 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies - Recent Accounting Developments” in Notes to Financial Statements of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Transactions

 

We have no off-balance sheet transactions.

 

ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.

 

Not required.

 

ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA.

 

Our financial statements and supplementary data are included on pages F-1 to F-22 of this report.

 

ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE.

 

None.

 

ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES.

 

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in the rules promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, we have conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on the framework in “Internal Control-Integrated Framework” issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.

 

With the participation of the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer, management has evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934). Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of December 31, 2017.

 

Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

We are responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. As defined in the securities laws, internal control over financial reporting is a process designed by, or under the supervision of, our principal executive and principal financial officer and effected by our Board of Directors, management, and other personnel, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the acquisitions and dispositions of our assets; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that our receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of our assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements. Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements.

 

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Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, we carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) as of December 31, 2017 based on the criteria in “Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013)” issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (“COSO”) in 2013. Based upon this evaluation, we concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 31, 2017.

 

This annual report does not include an attestation report of Olsen, Thielen & Co., Ltd., our independent registered public accounting firm, regarding internal control over financial reporting. Our management report was not subject to attestation by our independent registered public accounting firm pursuant to Section 989G of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, which exempts smaller reporting companies from the independent registered public accounting firm attestation requirement.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

There has not been any change in our internal control over financial reporting during our fourth fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION.

 

None.

 

PART III

 

ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE.

 

The Board may be increased or decreased from time to time by resolution of the stockholders or the Board. The Company’s Board presently consists of six directors. Directors are elected at each annual meeting, and each director shall serve until his or her term expires, his or her earlier death, or a successor is elected and qualified or until the director resigns or is removed. Directors are elected by the highest number of votes cast at a meeting at which a quorum is present. Any vacancies may be filled by the vote of a majority of the Board of Directors, although less than a quorum, and any such person elected to fill a vacancy shall serve as a director until the next annual meeting of stockholders.

 

 

The Board does not intend to alter the manner in which it evaluates candidates based on whether or not the candidate was recommended by a stockholder. To submit a candidate for consideration for nomination, stockholders must submit such nomination in writing to our Secretary at 2915 Commers Drive, Suite 900, Eagan, MN 55121.

 

To view a brief biography for each director please see, “Executive Officers and Directors of the Registrant,” in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information.

 

Name   Age   Position
Directors:        
Thomas J. McGoldrick (2) (3) (4)   76   Director
Andrew P. Reding (1)   48   Director
Carl Schwartz (4)   77   Chief Executive Officer and Director
Timothy A. Krochuk (1) (3) (4)   49   Director
J. Melville Engle (1) (2)   68   Director
Richard L. Gabriel (4)   69   Director

 

  (1) Member of the Audit Committee

  (2) Member of the Compensation Committee

  (3) Member of the Governance/Nominating Committee

  (4) Member of the Merger & Acquisition Committee

 

Below is a description of each committee of the Board of Directors as such committees are presently constituted. The Board of Directors has determined that each current member of each committee meets the applicable SEC and NASDAQ rules and regulations regarding “independence” and that each member is free of any relationship that would impair his individual exercise of independent judgment with regard to the Company.

 

Audit Committee

 

The Audit Committee of the Board of Directors was established by the Board in accordance with Section 3(a)(58)(A) of the Exchange Act to oversee the Company’s corporate accounting and financial reporting processes and audits of its financial statements.

 

The functions of the Audit Committee include, among other things:

 

  · serving as an independent and objective party to monitor the Company’s financial reporting process and internal control system;

 

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  · coordinating, reviewing and appraising the audit efforts of the Company’s independent auditors and management and, to the extent the Company has an internal auditing or similar department or persons performing the functions of such department (“internal auditing department” or “internal auditors”), the internal auditing department; and

 

  · communicating directly with the independent auditors, financial and senior management, the internal auditing department, and the Board of Directors regarding the matters related to the committee’s responsibilities and duties.

 

Both our independent registered public accounting firm and management periodically meet privately with the Audit Committee.

 

Our Audit Committee currently consists of Mr. Krochuk, as the chairperson, Mr. Reding and Mr. Engle. Each Audit Committee member is a non-employee director of the Board. The Board of Directors reviews the NASDAQ listing standards definition of independence for Audit Committee members on an annual basis and has determined that all current members of our Audit Committee are independent (as independence is currently defined in Rule 5605(a)(2) of the NASDAQ listing standards). The Audit Committee met four times in fiscal 2017.

 

Audit Committee Financial Expert

 

The Board has determined that Mr. Krochuk meets the criteria as an “audit committee financial expert,” as defined in Item 407(d)(5)(ii) of Regulation S-K under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). As noted above, Mr. Krochuk, Mr. Reding and Mr. Engle are independent within the meaning of NASDAQ’s listing standards.

 

Report of the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors

 

The Audit Committee assists the Board of Directors with fulfilling its oversight responsibility regarding the quality and integrity of the accounting, auditing and financial reporting practices of the Company. In discharging its oversight responsibilities regarding the audit process, the Audit Committee:

 

  (1) reviewed and discussed the audited financial statements with management and the independent auditors;

 

  (2) discussed with the independent auditors the material required to be discussed by Statement on Auditing Standards No. 114, as amended (AICPA, Professional Standards, Vol. 1, AU section 380), as adopted by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board in Rule 3200T, with and without management present; and

 

  (3) received the written disclosures and the letter from the independent auditors required by applicable requirements of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board regarding the independent accountant’s communications with the Audit Committee concerning independence, and discussed with the independent accountant the independent accountant’s independence.

 

Based upon the review and discussions referred to above, the Audit Committee recommended to the Board of Directors that the audited financial statements be included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

Timothy Krochuk, Chair

Andrew P. Reding

J. Melville Engle

 

Compensation Committee

 

The Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors currently consists of two directors, Mr. Engle, as the chairperson, and Mr. McGoldrick. All members of the Compensation Committee were appointed by the Board of Directors, and consist entirely of directors who are “outside directors” for purposes of Section 162(m) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), “non-employee directors” for purposes of Rule 16b-3 under the Exchange Act and “independent” as independence is currently defined in Rule 4200(a) (15) of the NASDAQ listing standards. In fiscal 2017, the Compensation Committee met four times. The functions of the Compensation Committee include, among other things:

 

  · approving the annual compensation packages, including base salaries, incentive compensation, deferred compensation and stock-based compensation, for our executive officers;

 

  · administering our stock incentive plans, and subject to Board approval in the case of executive officers, approving grants of stock, stock options and other equity awards under such plans;

 

  · approving the terms of employment agreements for our executive officers;

 

  · developing, recommending, reviewing and administering compensation plans for members of the Board of Directors;

 

  · reviewing and discussing the compensation discussion and analysis with management; and

 

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  · preparing any compensation committee report required to be included in the annual proxy statement.

 

All Compensation Committee approvals regarding compensation to be paid or awarded to our executive officers are rendered with the full power of the Board, though not necessarily reviewed by the full Board.

 

Our Chief Executive Officer may not be present during any Board or Compensation Committee voting or deliberations with respect to his compensation. Our Chief Executive Officer may, however, be present during any other voting or deliberations regarding compensation of our other executive officers, but may not vote on such items of business.

 

Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation

 

As indicated above, the Compensation Committee consists of Mr. Engle and Mr. McGoldrick. No member of the Compensation Committee has ever been an executive officer or employee of ours. None of our officers currently serves, or has served during the last completed year, on the compensation committee or the Board of Directors of any other entity that has one or more officers serving as a member of the Board of Directors or the Compensation Committee.

 

Governance/Nominating Committee

 

The Governance/Nominating Committee of the Board of Directors currently consists of Mr. McGoldrick, as the chairperson, and Mr. Krochuk. Each of whom is an “independent director,” as such term is defined by The NASDAQ Market Listing Rule 5605(a)(2), and free from any relationship that, in the opinion of the Board, would interfere with the exercise of his or her independent judgment as a member of the Committee.

 

The members of the Committee shall be elected annually by the Board. Committee members may be removed for any reason or no reason at the discretion of the Board, and the Board may fill any Committee vacancy that is created by such removal or otherwise. The Committee’s chairperson shall be designated by the full Board or, if it does not do so, the Committee members shall elect a chairperson upon the affirmative vote of a majority of the directors serving on the Committee.

 

The Committee may form and delegate authority to subcommittees as it may deem appropriate in its sole discretion.

 

In furtherance of its purposes, the Committee:

 

  · Evaluates the composition, organization and governance of the Board, determines future requirements and make recommendations to the Board for approval;

 

  · Determines desired Board and committee skills and attributes and criteria for selecting new directors;

 

  · Reviews candidates for Board membership consistent with the Committee’s criteria for selecting new directors and annually recommend a slate of nominees to the Board for consideration at the Company’s annual stockholders’ meeting;

 

  · Reviews candidates for Board membership, if any, recommended by the Company’s stockholders;

 

  · Conducts the appropriate and necessary inquiries into the backgrounds and qualifications of possible director candidates;

 

  · Evaluates and considers matters relating to the qualifications and retirement of directors;

 

  · Develops a plan for, and consults with the Board regarding, management succession; and

 

  · Advises the Board generally on corporate governance matters.

 

In addition, the Committee, if and when deemed appropriate by the Board or the Committee, develop and recommend to the Board a set of corporate governance principles applicable to the Company, and review and reassess the adequacy of such guidelines annually and recommend to the Board any changes deemed appropriate. The Committee also advises the Board on (a) committee member qualifications, (b) appointments, removals and rotation of committee members, (c) committee structure and operations (including authority to delegate to subcommittees), and (d) committee reporting to the Board. Finally, the Committee performs any other activities consistent with this Charter, the Company’s Certification of Incorporation, Bylaws and governing law as the Committee or the Board deems appropriate.

 

The Committee will review and reassess at least annually the adequacy of the Charter and recommend any proposed changes to the Board for approval.

 

The Committee has the authority to obtain advice and seek assistance from internal or external legal, accounting or other advisors. The Committee has the sole authority to retain and terminate any search firm to be used to identify director candidates, including sole authority to approve such search firm’s fees and other retention terms.

 

Merger & Acquisition Committee

 

The Merger & Acquisition Committee of the Board of Directors currently consists of Dr. Carl Schwartz, as the chairperson, Mr. Timothy Krochuk, Mr. Richard Gabriel and Mr. Thomas McGoldrick, two of whom are “independent directors” as such item is defined by The NASDAQ Market Listing Rule 5605(a)(2), and free from any relationship that, in the opinion of the Board, would interfere with the exercise of his or her independent judgment as a member of the committee. Dr. Schwartz and Mr. Gabriel are not deemed to be independent. The Merger & Acquisition Committee is a newly formed committee constructed in December 2016 with the function of advising the Company toward any considered mergers, acquisitions, joint ventures and/or consolidations of any type. The committee met five times during the fiscal year 2017.

 

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Diversity

 

The Board of Directors does not currently have a policy regarding attaining diversity on the Board.

 

Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance

 

Section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, requires the Company’s officers and directors, and persons who own more than ten percent of a registered class of the Company’s equity securities, to file reports of ownership and changes in ownership of such securities with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Officers, directors and greater than ten percent stockholders are required by Securities and Exchange Commission regulations to furnish the Company with copies of all Section 16(a) forms they file. Based solely on review of the copies of Forms 3 and 4 and amendments thereto furnished to the Company during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 and Forms 5 and amendments thereto furnished to the Company with respect to such fiscal year, or written representations that no Forms 5 were required, the Company believes that the following is the list of its officers, directors and greater than ten percent beneficial owners who have failed to file on a timely basis all Section 16(a) filing requirements during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017: Andrew Reding 4 late reports covering 4 transactions; Thomas J. McGoldrick 4 late reports covering 4 transactions; Timothy Krochuk 4 late reports covering 4 transactions; Richard Gabriel 3 late reports covering 3 transactions; J. Melville Engle 3 late reports covering 3 transactions; Carl Schwartz 1 late report covering 1 transaction.

 

ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION.

 

Overview

 

This section describes the material elements of the compensation awarded to, earned by or paid to our Chief Executive Officer and our two most highly compensated executive officers other than our Chief Executive Officer, as determined in accordance with SEC rules, collectively referred to as the “Named Executive Officers.”  

 

Summary Compensation Table for Fiscal 2017 and 2016

 

The following table provides information regarding the compensation earned during the fiscal years ended December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 by each of the Named Executive Officers:

 

Name and
Principal
Position
  Year  Salary  Bonus  Stock
Awards
  (1)
Option
Awards
  (5)
All Other
Compensation
  Total
Compensation
                      
Carl Schwartz, CEO (6)   2017   $83,375   $-   $-   $437,466   $-   $520,841 
    2016   $-   $-   $-   $-   $-   $- 
                                    
David O. Johnson, COO (3)   2017   $180,800   $36,000   $-   $345,798   $-   $562,598 
    2016   $149,053   $36,000   $97,950   $10,920   $-   $293,923 
                                    
Bob Myers, CFO (4)   2017   $165,800   $43,000   $-   $328,194   $-   $536,994 
    2016   $131,234   $33,000   $90,938   $10,920   $-   $266,092 
                                    
Joshua Kornberg, former CEO   2017   $-   $-   $-   $-   $616,595   $616,595 
and President (2)   2016   $118,284   $-   $90,351   $-   $149,500   $358,135 

 

  (1) Represents the actual compensation cost granted during 2017 and 2016 as determined pursuant to FASB ASC 718 – Stock Compensation utilizing the assumptions discussed in Note 3, “Stock Options and Warrants,” in the notes to the financial statements included in this report.

 

  (2) Effective May 5, 2016, Mr. Kornberg resigned as the Chief Executive Officer and President and an employee of the Company. In connection with Mr. Kornberg’s resignation, the Company and Mr. Kornberg entered into a separation agreement on June 13, 2016 (the “Separation Agreement”). See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Liquidity and Capital Resources – Payment Obligations Under Separation Agreement with Former CEO.” In 2015 Mr. Kornberg also received options to purchase 253 shares of common stock as fees for serving on the Board of Directors. Mr. Kornberg’s minimum bonus for 2015 was 75% of his base salary or $206,250. During 2015 he also received $356,691 in additional bonuses, in recognition of bonus amounts from prior years that were waived. In 2015 he also received bonus options to purchase 8,366 shares of common stock at $65.75 per share. In 2016, Mr. Kornberg received $18,685 as part of his salary that was paid through his settlement contract. The restricted stock award for $90,351 was part of his severance settlement. All of Mr. Kornberg’s options to purchase stock were cancelled as part of his settlement contract.

 

  (3) Mr. Johnson’s minimum bonus for 2017 was 20% of his base salary or $36,000 that was accrued in 2017; his minimum bonus for 2016 was 20% of his base salary, or $36,000 that was accrued in 2016. During 2017 he received $36,000 in recognition of bonus amounts accrued in 2016; in 2016 he received $36,000 in income from additional bonuses in recognition of bonus amounts from 2015. In 2017, he also received bonus options to purchase 320,422 shares of common stock at $1.47 per share.  In 2017, 154,422 shares vested with the remainder vesting at 20,750 shares quarterly throughout 2018 and 2019. In 2016, he also received bonus options to purchase 3,574 shares of common stock at $4.20 per share. In 2016, Mr. Johnson exercised stock options valued at $97,950.

 

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  (4) Mr. Myers’s minimum bonus for 2017 was 20% of his base salary or $33,000 that was accrued in 2017; his minimum bonus for 2016 was 20% of his base salary, or $33,000 that was accrued in 2016. During 2017 he received $43,000 in bonus amounts $33,000 that was accrued in 2016; in 2016 he received $33,000 in income from additional bonuses in recognition of bonus amounts from 2015. In 2017, he also received bonus options to purchase 304,110 shares of common stock at $1.47 per share.  In 2017, 138,110 shares vested with the remainder vesting at 20,750 shares quarterly throughout 2018 and 2019. In 2016, he also received bonus options to purchase 3,574 shares of common stock at $4.20 per share. In 2016, Mr. Myers exercised stock options valued at $90,938.

 

  (5) Mr. Kornberg’s All Other Compensation in 2017 consists of $616,595 in severance. In 2016, it consists of $137,500 in severance and $12,000 in medical reimbursement.

 

  (6) Dr. Schwartz became a director on March 23, 2016 and served as Executive Chairman from October 11, 2016 to December 1, 2016. On December 1, 2016 he was appointed Chief Executive Officer. In 2017, Dr. Schwartz received options to purchase 2,381 shares of common stock as fees for serving on the Board of Directors. He also received options to purchase 166,000 shares of common stock at $1.47 vesting at 20,750 shares per quarter throughout 2018 and 2019. Additionally, Dr. Schwartz received options to purchase 239,230 shares of common stock at $1.47 per share all vesting in 2017 in lieu of cash compensation for all 2017 and part of 2016. Dr. Schwartz did not receive a salary, bonus or other payment during 2016. Dr. Schwartz received options to purchase 4,920 shares of common stock as fees for serving on the Board of Directors. Dr. Schwartz also received options to purchase 7,143 shares of common stock in 2016 as fees for serving on the Medical Advisory Committee. Certain of those options, 8,929 shares, did not vest until January 2017.

 

Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year-end for Fiscal 2017

 

The following table sets forth certain information regarding outstanding equity awards held by the named executive officers as of December 31, 2017:

 

    Grant Date   Number of
Securities
Underlying
Options
Exercisable
    Number of
Securities
Underlying
Options
Unexercisable
    Option 
Exercise 
Price
    Option 
Expiration 
Date
Carl Schwartz   3/31/2016     588             $ 4.25     3/31/2026
    6/30/2016     1,334             $ 3.75     6/30/2026
    9/30/2016     1,212             $ 4.13     9/30/2026
    12/31/2016     8,929             $ 2.80     12/31/2026
    3/31/2017     2,381             $ 2.10     3/31/2027
    6/22/2017     376,886             $ 1.47     6/22/2027
    11/10/2017     28,344             $ 1.47     11/10/2027
                                 
David O. Johnson   8/13/2012     534             $ 150.00     8/13/2022
    3/18/2013     507             $ 148.25     3/18/2023
    3/6/2014     167             $ 431.25     3/6/2024
    9/16/2016     3,574             $ 4.20     9/16/2026
    6/22/2017     320,422             $ 1.47     6/22/2027
                                 
Bob Myers   8/13/2012     534             $ 150.00     8/13/2022
    3/18/2013     422             $ 148.25     3/18/2023
    3/6/2014     140             $ 431.25     3/6/2024
    9/16/2016     3,574             $ 4.20     9/16/2026
    6/22/2017     304,110             $ 1.47     6/22/2027

 

Executive Compensation Components for Fiscal 2017

 

Base Salary. Base salary is an important element of our executive compensation program as it provides executives with a fixed, regular, non-contingent earnings stream to support annual living and other expenses. As a component of total compensation, we generally set base salaries at levels believed to attract and retain an experienced management team that will successfully grow our business and create stockholder value. We also utilize base salaries to reward individual performance and contributions to our overall business objectives, but seek to do so in a manner that does not detract from the executives’ incentive to realize additional compensation through our stock options and restricted stock awards.

 

The Compensation Committee reviews the Chief Executive Officer’s salary at least annually. The Compensation Committee may recommend adjustments to the Chief Executive Officer’s base salary based upon the Compensation Committee’s review of his current base salary, incentive cash compensation and equity-based compensation, as well as his performance and comparative market data. The Compensation Committee also reviews other executives’ salaries throughout the year, with input from the Chief Executive Officer. The Compensation Committee may recommend adjustments to other executives’ base salary based upon the Chief Executive Officer’s recommendation and the reviewed executives’ responsibilities, experience and performance, as well as comparative market data.

 

In utilizing comparative data, the Compensation Committee seeks to recommend salaries for each executive at a level that is appropriate after giving consideration to experience for the relevant position and the executive’s performance. The Compensation Committee reviews performance for both our Company (based upon achievement of strategic initiatives) and each individual executive. Based upon these factors, the Compensation Committee may recommend adjustments to base salaries to better align individual compensation with comparative market compensation, to provide merit-based increases based upon individual or company achievement, or to account for changes in roles and responsibilities.

 

Stock Options and Other Equity Grants. Consistent with our compensation philosophies related to performance-based compensation, long-term stockholder value creation and alignment of executive interests with those of stockholders, we make periodic grants of long-term compensation in the form of stock options or restricted stock to our executive officers, directors and others in the organization.

 

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Stock options provide executive officers with the opportunity to purchase common stock at a price fixed on the grant date regardless of future market price. A stock option becomes valuable only if the common stock price increases above the option exercise price and the holder of the option remains employed during the period required for the option shares to vest. This provides an incentive for an option holder to remain employed by us. In addition, stock options link a significant portion of an employee’s compensation to stockholders’ interests by providing an incentive to achieve corporate goals and increase stockholder value. Under our Amended and Restated 2012 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2012 Plan”), we may also make grants of restricted stock awards, restricted stock units, performance share awards, performance unit awards and stock appreciation rights to officers and other employees. We adopted the 2012 Plan to give us flexibility in the types of awards that we could grant to our executive officers and other employees. 

 

Limited Perquisites; Other Benefits. We provide our employees with a full complement of employee benefits, including health and dental insurance, short term and long term disability insurance, life insurance, a 401(k) plan, FSA flex plan and Section 125 plan.

 

Employment Contracts

 

Employment Agreement with Chief Executive Officer.

 

On November 10, 2017, the Company entered into an employment agreement with Carl Schwartz, who has served as Chief Executive officer since December 1, 2016. Under the agreement the employment of Dr. Schwartz with the Company is at will.

 

The annualized base salary for Dr. Schwartz in 2017 is $250,000, increasing to $275,000 in 2018. Such base salary may be adjusted by the Company but may not be reduced except in connection with a reduction imposed on substantially all employees as part of a general reduction.

 

Dr. Schwartz may receive stock options in lieu of his base salary. At least ten (10) days before the beginning of each six-month period ending June 30 or December 31 (a “Compensation Period”) during which Dr. Schwartz is employed under this agreement he may elect to receive non-qualified stock options under the 2012 Stock Incentive Plan or other applicable equity plan of the Company in effect at the time in payment of all or a portion of his base salary for such Compensation Period in lieu of cash. Stock options (i) will be granted on the first business day of such Compensation Period, (ii) will have an exercise price per share equal to the closing sale price of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant, (iii) will have an aggregate exercise price equal to the dollar amount of base salary to be received in options, (iv) will have a term of ten years, and (v) will vest pro rata on a monthly basis over the period of time during which the base salary would have been earned.

 

For each fiscal year during the term of the agreement, beginning in 2017, Dr. Schwartz shall be eligible to receive an annual incentive bonus determined annually at the discretion of the Compensation Committee of the Board. For 2017, the Compensation Committee will award a bonus based on performance of Dr. Schwartz and the Company, including the completion of acquisitions and other factors deemed appropriate by the Compensation Committee. For 2018 and subsequent years, the bonus will be subject to the attainment of certain objectives, which shall be established in writing by Dr. Schwartz and the Board prior to each bonus period. The maximum bonus that may be earned by Dr. Schwartz for any year will not be less than 150% of Dr. Schwartz’s then-current base salary.

 

If the Company terminates the Dr. Schwartz’s employment without cause or if the he terminates his employment for “good reason,” he shall be entitled to receive from Company severance pay in an amount equal to six months of base salary, in either case less applicable taxes and withholdings. In that event, he will receive a bonus payment on a pro-rata basis through the date of termination and any accrued, unused vacation pay. The severance pay, bonus payment, and other consideration are conditioned upon Dr. Schwartz’s execution of a full and final release of liability. “Cause” is defined to mean the executive engages in willful misconduct or fails to follow the reasonable and lawful instructions of the Board, if such conduct is not cured within 30 days after notice; Dr. Schwartz embezzles or misappropriates assets of Company or any of its subsidiaries; Dr. Schwartz’s violation of his obligations in the agreement, if such conduct is not cured within 30 days after notice; breach of any agreement between the Dr. Schwartz and the Company or to which Company and the Dr. Schwartz are parties, or a breach of his fiduciary responsibility to the Company; commission by of fraud or other willful conduct that adversely affects the business or reputation of Company; or, Company has a reasonable belief the executive engaged in some form of harassment or other improper conduct prohibited by Company policy or the law. “Good reason” is defined as (i) a material diminution in Employee’s position, duties, base salary, and responsibilities; or (ii) Company’s notice to Employee that his or her position will be relocated to an office which is greater than 100 miles from Employee’s prior office location. In all cases of Good Reason, Employee must have given notice to Company that an alleged Good Reason event has occurred and the circumstances must remain uncorrected by Company after the expiration of 30 days after receipt by Company of such notice.

 

During Dr. Schwartz’s employment with the Company and for twelve months thereafter, regardless of the reason for the termination, he will not engage in a competing business, as defined in the agreement and will not solicit any person to leave employment with the Company or solicit clients or prospective clients of the Company with whom he worked, solicited, marketed, or obtained confidential information about during his employment with the Company, regarding services or products that are competitive with any of the Company’s services or products.

 

Employment Agreements with Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer.

 

On August 13, 2012, the Company entered into employment agreements with David O. Johnson, who has served as Chief Operating Officer since July 1, 2012, and Bob Myers, who has served as Chief Financial Officer since July 1, 2012 (Messrs. Johnson and Myers are referred to as the “executives”). Under the agreements the employment of each of these individuals with the Company is at will.

 

The annualized base salaries of Messrs. Johnson and Myers were $150,000 and $125,000, respectively for their first year employed. Effective July 1, 2013 the annualized base salaries of Messrs. Johnson and Myers were $180,000 and $150,000, respectively. Effective in March 2014 Mr. Myers annualized base salary was increased to $165,000. Such base salaries may be adjusted by the Company but may not be reduced except in connection with a reduction imposed on substantially all employees as part of a general reduction. The executives will also each be eligible to receive an annual incentive bonus for each calendar year at the end of which he remains employed by the Company, subject to the attainment of certain objectives. The executives have a minimum bonus guarantee of 20% of their annualized salary.

 

If the Company terminates the executive’s employment without cause or if the executive terminates his employment for “good reason,” he shall be entitled to receive from Company severance pay in an amount equal to (a) before the first anniversary of the date of the agreement, three months of base salary, or (b) on or after the first anniversary of the date of the agreement, twelve months of base salary, in either case less applicable taxes and withholdings. In that event, he will receive a bonus payment on a pro-rata basis through the date of termination and any accrued, unused vacation pay. The severance pay, bonus payment, and other consideration are conditioned upon executive’s execution of a full and final release of liability. “Cause” is defined to mean the executive engages in willful misconduct or fails to follow the reasonable and lawful instructions of the Board, if such conduct is not cured within 30 days after notice; the executive embezzles or misappropriates assets of Company or any of its subsidiaries; the executive’s violation of his obligations in the agreement, if such conduct is not cured within 30 days after notice; breach of any agreement between the executive and the Company or to which Company and the executive are parties, or a breach of his fiduciary responsibility to the Company; commission by of fraud or other willful conduct that adversely affects the business or reputation of Company; or, Company has a reasonable belief the executive engaged in some form of harassment or other improper conduct prohibited by Company policy or the law. “Good reason” is defined as (i) a material diminution in Employee’s position, duties, base salary, and responsibilities; or (ii) Company’s notice to Employee that his or her position will be relocated to an office which is greater than 100 miles from Employee’s prior office location. In all cases of Good Reason, Employee must have given notice to Company that an alleged Good Reason event has occurred and the circumstances must remain uncorrected by Company after the expiration of 30 days after receipt by Company of such notice.

 

During each executive’s employment with the Company and for twelve months thereafter, regardless of the reason for the termination, he will not engage in a competing business, as defined in the agreement and will not solicit any person to leave employment with the Company or solicit clients or prospective clients of the Company with whom he worked, solicited, marketed, or obtained confidential information about during his employment with the Company, regarding services or products that are competitive with any of the Company’s services or products.

 

Potential Payments Upon Termination or Change of Control

 

Most of our stock option agreements provide for an acceleration of vesting in the event of a change in control as defined in the agreements and in the 2012 Stock Incentive Plan.  Additionally, the restricted stock agreements that were awarded to management and directors in 2013 also provide for an acceleration of vesting in the event there is a change in control as defined in the 2012 Plan. Also, see “Employment Contracts” above for a description of certain severance compensation arrangements.

 

Director Compensation

 

Effective in 2013 the Board instituted a quarterly and an annual stock options award program for all the directors under which they will be awarded options to purchase $5,000 worth of shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per quarter at an exercise price determined by the close on the last day of the quarter. Additionally, the directors that serve on a committee will receive options to purchase $10,000 worth of shares of common stock, par value $0.01 annually, per committee served, at an exercise price determined by the close on the last day of the year.

 

43

Director Compensation Table for Fiscal 2017

 

The following table summarizes the compensation paid to each non-employee director in the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017:

 

   Fees Paid or
Earned in Cash
  Stock Awards  Option
Awards
  Total
Thomas McGoldrick  $-   $-   $252,525(1)  $252,525 
Andrew Reding  $-   $-   $219,643(2)  $219,643 
Richard Gabriel  $-   $-   $157,240(3)  $157,240 
Tim Krochuk  $-   $-   $171,769(4)  $171,769 
J. Melville Engle  $-   $-   $164,393(5)  $164,393 
Carl Schwartz  $-   $-   $3,688(5)  $3,688 

 

  (1) Mr. McGoldrick was awarded options to purchase 243,706 shares of common stock both for serving on the Board and for participating on the Audit, Compensation and Corporate Governance Committees.
  (2) Mr. Reding was awarded options to purchase 207,197 shares of common stock both for serving on the Board and for participating on the Audit and Corporate Governance Committees.
  (3) Mr. Gabriel was awarded options to purchase 149,373 shares of common stock for serving on the Board.
  (4) Mr. Krochuk was awarded options to purchase 168,876 shares of common stock for serving on the Board.
  (5) Mr. Engle was awarded options to purchase 158,975 shares of common stock for serving on the Board.
  (6) Dr. Schwartz became an employee in November 2017 pursuant to an employment agreement. Prior to that time, he was awarded options to purchase 2,381 shares of common stock for serving on the Board.

 

Equity Compensation Plan Information

 

The following table presents the equity compensation plan information as of December 31, 2017:

 

   Number of securities
to be issued upon
exercise of
outstanding
restricted stock,
warrants and options
 (a)
  Weighted-
average
exercise
price of
outstanding
options,
warrants
(b)
  Number of securities
remaining available for
future issuance under
equity compensation
plans (excluding
securities reflected in
column (a)
(C)
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders (1)   2,612,070   $2.00    2,292,382 
Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders   -   $-    - 

 

  (1) Consists of outstanding options under the 2008 Equity Incentive Plan and the 2012 Stock Incentive Plan. The remaining share authorization under the 2008 Equity Incentive Plan was rolled over to the current 2012 Stock Incentive Plan. On December 28, 2017 the Company’s shareholders approved an amendment to the Company’s Amended and Restated 2012 Stock Incentive Plan to increase the reserve of shares of Common Stock authorized for issuance thereunder to 5,000,000.

 

ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS.

 

The following table sets forth as of December 31, 2017 certain information regarding beneficial ownership of our common stock by:

 

  · Each person known to us to beneficially own 5% or more of our common stock;

 

  · Each executive officer who in this Annual Report Form 10-K are collectively referred to as the “Named Executive Officers;”

 

  · Each of our directors; and

 

  · All of our executive officers (as that term is defined under the rules and regulations of the SEC) and directors as a group.

 

44

We have determined beneficial ownership in accordance with Rule 13d-3 under the Exchange Act. Beneficial ownership generally means having sole or shared voting or investment power with respect to securities. Unless otherwise indicated in the footnotes to the table, each stockholder named in the table has sole voting and investment power with respect to the shares of common stock set forth opposite the stockholder’s name. We have based our calculation of the percentage of beneficial ownership on 6,943,283 shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding on December 31, 2017. Unless otherwise noted below, the address for each person or entity listed in the table is c/o Skyline Medical Inc., 2915 Commers Drive, Suite 900, Eagan, Minnesota 55121.

 

   Amount and
Nature of
  Percent
   Beneficial  of
Name of Beneficial Owner  Ownership  Class
       
Officers and Directors          
           
Carl Schwartz (2)   341,995    4.74%
           
David Johnson (3)   180,828    2.54%
           
Bob Myers (4)   164,289    2.31%
           
Thomas J. McGoldrick (5)   260,833    3.62%
           
Andrew Reding (6)   220,569    3.08%
           
Timothy Krochuk (9)   170,662    2.40%
           
J. Melville Engle (10)   160,761    2.26%
           
Richard L. Gabriel (7)   151,159    2.13%
           
Joshua Kornberg (8)    10,828    0.16%
           
All directors and executive officers as a group (8 persons)   1,651,096    19.36%

 

  1. Under Rule 13d-3, a beneficial owner of a security includes any person who, directly or indirectly, through any contract, arrangement, understanding, relationship, or otherwise has or shares: (i) voting power, which includes the power to vote, or to direct the voting of shares; and (ii) investment power, which includes the power to dispose or direct the disposition of shares. Certain shares may be deemed to be beneficially owned by more than one person (if, for example, persons share the power to vote or the power to dispose of the shares). In addition, shares are deemed to be beneficially owned by a person if the person has the right to acquire the shares (for example, upon exercise of an option) within 60 days of the date as of which the information is provided. In computing the percentage ownership of any person, the amount of shares outstanding is deemed to include the amount of shares beneficially owned by such person (and only such person) by reason of these acquisition rights. As a result, the percentage of outstanding shares of any person as shown in this table does not necessarily reflect the person’s actual ownership or voting power with respect to the number of shares of common stock actually outstanding.

 

  2. Includes (i) 64,729 shares owned directly, (ii) 2,255 shares issuable upon exercise of warrants held by Dr. Schwartz that are exercisable within 60 days of December 31, 2017, and (iii) 275,011 shares issuable upon exercise of options held by Dr. Schwartz that are exercisable within 60 days of December 31, 2017.

 

  3. Includes options to purchase 179,952 shares that are exercisable within 60 days of December 31, 2017.

 

  4. Includes options to purchase 163,528 shares that are exercisable within 60 days of December 31, 2017.

 

  5. Includes options to purchase 260,769 shares that are exercisable within 60 days of December 31, 2017.

 

  6. Includes options to purchase 220,516 shares that are exercisable within 60 days of December 31, 2017.

 

  7. Includes options to purchase 151,159 shares that are exercisable within 60 days of December 31, 2017.

 

45

  8. Mr. Kornberg is a former executive officer and director of the Company. The beneficial ownership indicated includes the shares beneficially owned by Mr. Kornberg to the best knowledge of the Company. Includes (i) 10,535 shares owned directly, (ii) 41 shares issuable upon exercise of warrants held by Mr. Kornberg that are exercisable within 60 days of December 31, 2017, and (iii) 252 shares issuable upon exercise of warrants held by SOK Partners, of which Mr. Kornberg is believed to be a managing partner, and are exercisable within 60 days of December 31, 2017.
     
  9. Includes options to purchase 170,662 shares that are exercisable within 60 days of December 31, 2017.  
     
  10. Includes options to purchase 160,761 shares that are exercisable within 60 days of December 31, 2017.

 

ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE.

 

The Audit Committee has the responsibility to review and approve all transactions to which a related party and the Company may be a party prior to their implementation, to assess whether such transactions meet applicable legal requirements.

 

In connection with the Unit Exchange that was consummated on August 31, 2015, 250 shares of Series A Convertible Stock held by Mr. Kornberg were exchanged for 2,778 Exchange Units.

 

ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES.

 

In connection with the audit of the fiscal 2017 financial statements, the Company entered into an engagement agreement with Olsen Thielen & Co., Ltd., which sets forth the terms by which Olsen Thielen & Co., Ltd. will perform audit services for the Company.

 

The following table represents aggregate fees billed to the Company for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, by Olsen Thielen & Co., Ltd., the Company’s principal accountant. All fees described below were approved by the Audit Committee. None of the hours expended on the audit of the 2017 financial statements were attributed to work performed by persons who were not employed full time on a permanent basis by Olsen Thielen & Co., Ltd.

 

   2017   2016 
 Audit Fees (1)  $100,610   $122,559 
 Audit-Related Fees (2)   -    - 
 Tax Fees (3)   5,705    6,772 
 All Other Fees (4)   -    - 
   $106,315   $129,331 

 

  (1) Audit Fees were principally for services rendered for the audit and/or review of our consolidated financial statements. Also, includes fees for services rendered in connection with the filing of registration statements and other documents with the SEC, the issuance of accountant consents and comfort letters.

 

  (2) There were no audit-related fees in 2017 and 2016.

 

  (3) Tax Fees consist of fees billed in the indicated year for professional services performed by Olsen Thielen & Co., Ltd. with respect to tax compliance.

 

  (4) All Other Fees consist of fees billed in the indicated year for other permissible work performed by Olsen Thielen & Co., Ltd. that is not included within the above category descriptions.  

 

46

PART IV

 

ITEM 15. EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES.

 

The following exhibits and financial statements are filed as part of, or are incorporated by reference into, this report:

 

(1) Financial Statements

 

The following financial statements are filed with this Annual Report and can be found beginning at page F-1 of this report:

 

  · Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm dated April 2, 2018;

 

  · Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016;

 

  · Statements of Comprehensive Income for the Years Ended December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016;

 

  · Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit) from December 31, 2015 to December 31, 2017;

 

  · Statements of Cash Flows for the Years Ended December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016; and

 

  · Notes to Financial Statements.

 

(2) Financial Statement Schedules

 

All schedules have been omitted because the information required to be shown in the schedules is not applicable or is included elsewhere in the financial statements and Notes to Financial Statements.

 

(3) Exhibits

 

See “Exhibit Index” following the signature page of this Form 10-K for a description of the documents that are filed as Exhibits to this Annual Report on Form 10-K or incorporated by reference herein.

 

 

47

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this Annual Report on Form 10-K to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

Dated:  April 2, 2018

 

Skyline Medical Inc.

 

By  /s/ Carl Schwartz  
 

Carl Schwartz

Chief Executive Officer and Director

 

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

Signatures   Title    
         
/s/ Carl Schwartz   Chief Executive Officer and Director  

April 2, 2018

Carl Schwartz

 

  (principal executive officer)    
/s/ Bob Myers   Chief Financial Officer  

April 2, 2018

Bob Myers   (principal financial and accounting officer)    
         
/s/ Andrew P. Reding     Director  

April 2, 2018

Andrew P. Reding        
         
/s/ Thomas J. McGoldrick   Director  

April 2, 2018

 Thomas J. McGoldrick        
         
/s/ Richard L. Gabriel   Director  

April 2, 2018

 Richard L. Gabriel        
         
/s/ Timothy A. Krochuk     Director  

April 2, 2018

Timothy A. Krochuk        
         
/s/ J. Melville Engle     Director  

April 2, 2018

J. Melville Engle        

 

 

48

EXHIBIT INDEX

PRECISION THERAPEUTICS INC.

FORM 10-K

 

Exhibit  

Number

  Description
2.1   Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated December 16, 2013, between Skyline Medical Inc., a Minnesota corporation, and the registrant (1) Exhibit 2.1
     
2.2   Agreement and Plan of Merger dated August 9, 2017 (38) Exhibit 2.2
     
3.1   Certificate of Incorporation (1) Exhibit 3.1
     
3.2   Certificate of Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation to effect reverse stock split and reduction in authorized share capital filed with the Delaware Secretary of State on October 20, 2014 (19) Exhibit 3.2
     
3.3   Certificate of Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation regarding increase in share capital, filed with the Delaware Secretary of State on July 24, 2015 (20) Exhibit 3.3
     
3.4  

Certificate of Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation to increase authorized share capital, filed with the Delaware Secretary of State on September 16, 2016 (27) Exhibit 3.4

     
3.5   Certificate of Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation to effect reverse stock split and reduction in authorized share capital, fled with the Delaware Secretary of State on October 26, 2016 (28) Exhibit 3.5
     
3.6   Certificate of Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation regarding increase in share capital, filed with the Delaware Secretary of State on January 26, 2017 (29) Exhibit 3.6
     
3.7   Certificate of Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation to effect reverse stock split, filed with the Delaware Secretary of State on January 2, 2018 (41) Exhibit 3.7
     
3.8   Certificate of Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation to effect name change, filed with the Delaware Secretary of State on February 1, 2018 (21) Exhibit 3.8
     
3.9   Amended and Restated Bylaws (21) Exhibit 3.9
     
3.10   Form of Certificate of Designation of Preferences, Rights and Limitations of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (22) Exhibit 3.10
     
3.11   Certificate of Designation of Preferences, Rights and Limitations of Series C Convertible Preferred Stock (40) Exhibit 3.11
     
4.1   Form of Warrant (2) Exhibit 4.1
     
4.2   Form of Warrant (7) Exhibit 4.2
     
4.3   Form of Warrant (11) Exhibit 4.3
     
4.4   Form of Warrant (15) Exhibit 4.4

 

4.5   Form of Warrant (16) Exhibit 4.5
     
4.6   Amended and Restated 2012 Stock Incentive Plan (3)** Exhibit 4.6
     
4.7   Form of Senior Convertible Note (23) Exhibit 4.7
     
4.8   Form of Warrant issued to investors of Convertible Notes (23) Exhibit 4.8
     
4.9   Form of Registration Rights Agreement (23) Exhibit 4.9
     
4.10   Form Waiver and Consent of, and Notice to, Holder of Preferred Stock of the registrant (23) Exhibit 4.10
     
4.11   Form of Series A Warrant Agency Agreement by and between Skyline Medical Inc. and Corporate Stock Transfer, Inc. and Form of Warrant Certificate (24) Exhibit 4.11
     
4.12   Form of Series A Warrant Certificate (included as part of Exhibit 4.11) (24) Exhibit 4.12
     
4.13   Form of unit Purchase Option issued in connection with offering of Units (25) Exhibit 4.13
     
4.14   Form of Exchange Agreement with holders of Series A Preferred Stock (26) Exhibit 4.14
     
4.15   Form of Amendment to Senior Convertible Notes and Agreement by and between Skyline Medical Inc. and Senior Convertible Notes (26) Exhibit 4.15
     
4.16   Form of specimen certificate evidencing shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (25) Exhibit 4.16

 

49

 

4.17   Form of Unit Agreement (including form of Unit Certificate) (24) Exhibit 4.17
     
4.18   Form of New Warrant Agency Agreement by and between Skyline Medical Inc. and Form of Warrant Certificate for Series B Warrant (30) Exhibit 4.18
     
4.19   Form of Series B Warrant Certificate (included as part of Exhibit 4.18) Exhibit 4.19
     
4.20   Form of Series C Warrant (33) Exhibit 4.20
     
4.21   Form of Unit Purchase Option (33) Exhibit 4.21
     
4.22   Form of Series D Warrant Agency Agreement by and between Skyline Medical Inc. and Corporate Stock Transfer, Inc. and Form of Series D Warrant Certificate (34) Exhibit 4.22
     
4.23   Form of Series D Warrant Certificate (included as part of Exhibit 4.22) Exhibit 4.23
     
4.24   Form of Amendment to Warrant (21) Exhibit 4.24
     
4.25   Investor Warrant (40) Exhibit 4.25
     
4.26   Series E Warrant Agency Agreement by and between Skyline Medical Inc. and Corporate Stock Transfer, Inc. dated January 9, 2018  (42) Exhibit 4.26
     
4.27   Form of Series E Warrant Certificate  (42) Exhibit 4.27
     
10.1   Form of Securities Purchase Agreement, dated as of February 4, 2014, by and among the Company and certain Purchasers (2) Exhibit 10.1
     
10.2   Settlement Agreement and Mutual General Release dated September 18, 2013, entered into by and among Kevin Davidson, Skyline Medical Inc., Atlantic Partners Alliance, LLC, SOK Partners, LLC, Joshua Kornberg and Dr. Samuel Herschkowitz (4) Exhibit 10.2
     
10.3   Amended and Restated Executive Employment Agreement with Joshua Kornberg, signed on June 17, 2013 and effective March 14, 2013 (6)** Exhibit 10.3
     
10.4   BioDrain Medical, Inc., 2012 Stock Incentive Plan Restricted Stock Award Agreement with Joshua Kornberg, signed on June 17, 2013 and effective March 14, 2013 (6)** Exhibit 10.4
     
10.5   Form of Convertible Promissory Note (7) Exhibit 10.5
     
10.6   Promissory Note in the Principal amount of $100,000 in favor of Brookline Group, LLC, dated as of March 8, 2013 (9) Exhibit 10.6
     
10.7   Form of Securities Purchase Agreement (11) Exhibit 10.7
     
10.8   Office Lease Agreement between the registrant and Roseville Properties Management Company, as agent for Lexington Business Park, LLC (12) Exhibit 10.8
     
10.9   Form of Non-Qualified Stock Option Agreement under the 2012 Stock Incentive Plan (13)** Exhibit 10.9
     
10.10   Employment Agreement with Josh Kornberg dated July 24, 2012 (13)** Exhibit 10.10
     
10.11   Non-Qualified Stock Option Agreement with Josh Kornberg dated August 13, 2012 (13)** Exhibit 10.11
     
10.12   Employment Agreement with Robert Myers dated August 11, 2012 (13)** Exhibit 10.12
     
10.13   Employment Agreement with David Johnson dated August 11, 2012 (13)** Exhibit 10.13
     
10.14   Settlement Agreement and Mutual General Release with Kevin Davidson effective October 11, 2012 (13)** Exhibit 10.14
     
10.15   Note Purchase Agreement, dated as of November 6, 2012, between Dr. Samuel Herschkowitz and BioDrain Medical, Inc. (14) Exhibit 10.15
     
10.16   Note Purchase Agreement, dated as of November 6, 2012, between Dr. Samuel Herschkowitz and BioDrain Medical, Inc. (14) Exhibit 10.16
     
10.17   Note Purchase Agreement, dated as of November 6, 2012, between Dr. Samuel Herschkowitz and BioDrain Medical, Inc. (14) Exhibit 10.17
     
10.18   Note Purchase Agreement, dated as of November 6, 2012, between Dr. Samuel Herschkowitz and BioDrain Medical, Inc. (14) Exhibit 10.18

 

10.19   Amended Lease with Roseville Properties Management Company, Inc. dated January 29, 2013 (14) Exhibit 10.19
     
10.20   Form of Convertible Promissory Note (15) Exhibit 10.20
     
10.21   Forbearance and Settlement Agreement among the registrant, Dr. Samuel Herschkowitz and SOK Partners, LLC dated August 15, 2012 (13) Exhibit 10.21
     
10.22   Form of Securities Purchase Agreement (16) Exhibit 10.22

 

50

 

10.23   Convertible Note Purchase Agreement between the Company and SOK Partners, LLC dated March 28, 2012, including the form of Convertible Promissory Grid Note (18) Exhibit 10.23
     
10.24   Amended and Restated Note Purchase Agreement between the Company and Dr. Samuel Herschkowitz dated as of December 20, 2011, including the form of Convertible Promissory Note (issued in the amount of $240,000) (18) Exhibit 10.24
     
10.25   Letter Agreement, dated August 22, 2013, among Dr. Samuel Herschkowitz, SOK Partners, LLC and Skyline Medical Inc. (5) Exhibit 10.25
     
10.26   Letter Agreement, dated April 25, 2013, among Dr. Samuel Herschkowitz, SOK Partners, LLC and BioDrain Medical, Inc. (8) Exhibit 10.26
     
10.27   Letter Agreement, dated March 14, 2013, among Dr. Samuel Herschkowitz, SOK Partners, LLC and BioDrain Medical, Inc. (10)  Exhibit 10.27
     
10.28   Form of Securities Purchase Agreement with investors in Convertible Notes (23) Exhibit 10.28
     
10.29   Separation Agreement and Release between Skyline Medical Inc. and Joshua Kornberg, dated June 13, 2016 (31) Exhibit 10.29
     
10.30   Amended and Restated 2012 Stock Incentive Plan (32) Exhibit 10.30
     
10.31   Form of Common Stock Purchase Agreement (33) Exhibit 10.31
     
10.32   Form of Stock Option Agreement effective as of July 1, 2016 (36) Exhibit 10.32
     
10.33   Form of Stock Option Agreement for Executive Officers (39) Exhibit 10.33
     
10.34   Form of Stock Option Agreement for Directors (39) Exhibit 10.34
     
10.35   Securities Purchase Agreement dated November 28, 2017 (40) Exhibit 10.35
     
10.36   Registration Rights Agreement dated November 28, 2017 (40) Exhibit 10.36
     
10.37   Share Exchange Agreement between Skyline Medical Inc. and Helomics Holding Corporation, dated January 11, 2018, including the form of Certificate of Designation of Helomics Series A Preferred Stock and the form of Escrow Agreement (43) Exhibit 10.37
     
14.1   Code of Ethics (17) Exhibit 14.1
     
23.1*   Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
     
31.1*   Certification of principal executive officer required by Rule 13a-14(a)

 

31.2*   Certification of principal financial officer required by Rule 13a-14(a)

 

32.1*   Section 1350 Certification
     
99.1   Binding Letter of Intent with CytoBioscience, Inc. dated July 21, 2017 (37) Exhibit 99.1
     
101.INS*   XBRL Instance Document
     
101.SCH*   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
     
101.CAL*   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
     
101.DEF*   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
     
101.LAB*   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
     
101.PRE*   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

*Filed herewith.

**Compensatory Plan or arrangement required to be filed pursuant to Item 15(b) of Form 10-K.

 

  (1) Filed on December 19, 2013 as an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (2) Filed on February 5, 2014 as an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (3) Filed on August 27, 2013 as an exhibit to our Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (4) Filed on November 14, 2013 as an exhibit to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (5) Filed on August 28, 2013 as an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (6) Filed on June 18, 2013 as an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (7) Filed on June 12, 2013 as an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (8) Filed on May 1, 2013 as an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (9) Filed on March 14, 2013 as an exhibit to our Current report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (10) Filed on March 12, 2013 as an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K (by incorporation by reference from the Schedule 13D/A filed by Dr. Herschkowitz and other parties on March 8, 2013) and incorporated herein by reference.

 

51

 

  (11) Filed on February 26, 2013 as an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.

 

  (12) Filed on November 12, 2008 as an exhibit to our Registration Statement on Form S-1 and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (13) Filed on November 5, 2012 as an exhibit to our Registration Statement on Form S-1 and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (14) Filed on February 8, 2013 as an exhibit to our Registration Statement on Form S-1 (except for Exhibit 10.19, by incorporation by reference from the Schedule 13D/A filed by Dr. Herschkowitz and other parties on November 8, 2012) and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (15) Filed on January 15, 2013 as an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (16) Filed on June 21, 2012 as an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (17) Filed on April 16, 2012 as an exhibit to our Annual Report on Form 10-K and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (18) Filed on April 3, 2012 as an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.
     
 

(19)

Filed on October 24, 2014 as an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.

     
  (20)

Filed on June 30, 2015 as an appendix to our Information Statement on Schedule 14C and incorporated herein by reference.

     
  (21)

Filed on February 6, 2018 as an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.

     
  (22)

Filed on August 20, 2015 as an exhibit to our Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-198962) and incorporated herein by reference.

     
  (23)

Filed on July 24, 2014 as an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.

     
  (24)

Filed on August 20, 2015 as an exhibit to our Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-198962) and incorporated herein by reference.

     
  (25)

Filed on August 10, 2015 as an exhibit to our Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-198962) and incorporated herein by reference.

     
  (26)

Filed on July 24, 2015 as an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.

     
  (27) Filed on September 16, 2016 as an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (28) Filed on October 27, 2016 as an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (29) Filed on January 27, 2017 as an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (30) Filed on March 25, 2016 as an exhibit to our Registration Statement on Form S-4 (File No. 333-210398) and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (31) Filed on June 17, 2016 as an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (32) Filed on December 4, 2017 as an exhibit to our Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (33) Filed on November 30, 2016 as an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (34) Filed on January 10, 2017 as an exhibit to our Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-215005) and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (35) [Reserved]
     
  (36) Filed on March 15, 2017 as an exhibit to our Registration Statement on Form S-8 and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (37) Filed on August 2, 2017 as an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (38) Filed on August 11, 2017 as an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (39) Filed on August 14, 2017 as an exhibit to our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (40) Filed on November 29, 2017 as an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (41) Filed on January 2, 2018 as an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (42) Filed on January 10, 2018 as an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  (43) Filed on January 16, 2018 as an exhibit to our Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.

 

52

The audited financial statements for the periods ended December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 are included on the following pages:

 

INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

  Page
Financial Statements:  
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm F-1
Balance Sheets F-2
Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) F-3
Statements of Stockholders’ Equity F-4
Statements of Cash Flows F-5
Notes to Financial Statements F-6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

53

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Board of Directors and stockholders of

Precision Therapeutics Inc., f/k/a Skyline Medical Inc.

 

Opinion on the Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of Precision Therapeutics Inc. f/k/a/ Skyline Medical Inc. (the Company) as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 and the related statements of comprehensive income (loss), stockholders’ equity and cash flows for each of the years in the two-year period ended December 31, 2017, and related notes (collectively referred to as the financial statements). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the years in the two-year period end December 31, 2017, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

Emphasis of a Matter – Going Concern

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 1 to the financial statements, the Company has incurred losses since inception, has an accumulated deficit and has not yet received significant revenue from sales of products or services. These factors raise substantial doubt about its (the Company’s) ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans in regard to these matters are described in Note 1. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

Basis for Opinion

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits, we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

 

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

Olsen Thielen & Co., Ltd.

Roseville, Minnesota

April 2, 2018

 

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2002.

 

F-1

PART 1. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

PRECISION THERAPEUTICS INC.

BALANCE SHEETS

 

   December 31,
2017
  December 31,
2016
ASSETS          
Current Assets:          
Cash & cash equivalents  $766,189   $1,764,090 
Certificates of deposit   244,971    100,000 
Marketable securities   -    284,329 
Accounts Receivable   137,499    38,919 
Notes Receivable   667,512    - 
Inventories   265,045    272,208 
Prepaid Expense and other assets   289,966    148,637 
Total Current Assets   2,371,182    2,608,183 
           
Notes Receivable   1,070,000    - 
Fixed Assets, net   87,716    101,496 
Intangibles, net   95,356    97,867 
           
Total Assets  $3,624,254   $2,807,546 
           
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY          
Current Liabilities:          
Accounts Payable  $140,462   $220,112 
Accrued Expenses   785,215    1,346,105 
Deferred Revenue   6,663    7,998 
Total Current Liabilities   932,340    1,574,215 
           
Accrued Expenses   -    309,649 
Total Liabilities   932,340    1,883,864 
Commitments and Contingencies   -    - 
Stockholders’ Equity:          
Series B Convertible Preferred Stock, $.01 par value, 20,000,000 authorized, 79,246 and 79,246 outstanding   792    792 
Series C Convertible Preferred Stock, $.01 par value, 20,000,000 authorized,
647,819 and 0 outstanding
   6,479    - 
Common Stock, $.01 par value, 50,000,000 authorized, 6,943,283 and 4,564,428 outstanding   69,432    45,644 
Additional paid-in capital   57,380,256    47,894,196 
Accumulated deficit   (54,765,045)   (47,018,451)
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income   -    1,501 
Total Stockholders' Equity   2,691,914    923,682 
           
Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity  $3,624,254   $2,807,546 

  

See Notes to Financial Statements

 

F-2

PRECISION THERAPEUTICS INC.

STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

 

   Year Ended December 31,
   2017  2016
Revenue  $654,836   $456,495 
           
Cost of goods sold   148,045    181,620 
           
Gross margin   506,791    274,875 
           
General and administrative expense   6,041,485    5,174,799 
           
Operations expense   1,207,724    1,158,117 
           
Sales and marketing expense   1,004,175    467,970 
           
Interest expense   -    3 
           
Total Expense   8,253,384    6,800,889 
           
Net loss available to common shareholders   (7,746,593)   (6,526,014)
           
Other comprehensive income          
Unrealized gain (loss) from marketable securities   -    1,501 
           
Comprehensive loss  $(7,746,593)  $(6,524,513)
           
Loss per common share - basic and diluted  $(1.22)  $(2.31)
           
Weighted average shares used in computation - basic and diluted   6,362,989    2,823,345 

 

See Notes to Financial Statements

 

F-3

PRECISION THERAPEUTICS INC.

STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

FOR THE YEARS ENDED

DECEMBER 31, 2017 and 2016

 

      Common Stock            
   Preferred
Stock
  Shares  Amount  Paid-in 
Capital
  Deficit  Other
Comprehensive
Income
  Total
Balance at 12/31/2015  $18,950    208,259   $2,080   $44,584,118   $(40,492,437)  $-   $4,112,711 
Shares issued for two options exercised at $65.75 per share        1,312    13    86,240              86,253 
Shares issued for preferred stock conversion into common stock per the break-up of the Unit from the 2015 public offering   (18,158)   66,396    664    17,494              - 
Shares issued for cashless Series A warrant exercises per the break-up of the Unit from the 2015 public offering        2,318,663    23,187    556,479              579,666 
Shares issued for cashless Series B warrant exercises per the tender offer exchange        628,237    6,282    150,777              157,059 
Shares issued at $3.75 per share, to an investment banker per contractual agreement        135,995    1,360    508,620              509,980 
Shares issued at $4.50 per share to former CEO per severance agreement        20,000    200    90,151              90,351 
Vesting Expense                  165,271              165,271 
Unrealized gain from marketable securities                            1,501    1,501 
Shares issued at $4.50 per share, to investor relations consultant        26,000    260    116,740              117,000 
Shares issued for escrow with GLG Pharma pursuant to the partnership and reseller agreement        400,000    4,000                   4,000 
Shares issued pursuant to the Registered Direct Offering, net        756,999    7,570    1,618,335              1,625,905 
Corrections due to rounding for reverse split and DTCC increase        2,567    28    (29)             (1)
Net loss             -    -    (6,526,014)        (6,526,014)
Balance @ 12/31/2016  $792    4,564,428   $45,644   $47,894,196   $(47,018,451)  $1,501   $923,682 
Shares issued pursuant to the public offering, net        1,750,000    17,500    3,403,688              3,421,188 
Shares issued pursuant to the over-allotment agreement in the public offering        175,000    1,750    392,000              393,750 
Vesting Expense                  4,042,256              4,042,256 
Reverse shares issued for escrow with GLG Pharma pursuant to the termination agreement        (400,000)   (4,000)                  (4,000)
Shares issued pursuant to consulting agreement        100,000    1,000    219,000              220,000 
Unrealized (loss) from marketable securities                       (1)   (1,501)   (1,501)
Shares issued pursuant to consulting agreement        43,333    433    63,699              64,132 
Shares issued at $1.58 per share to an investor relations consultant        50,000    500    78,500              79,000 
Shares issued pursuant to a private placement   12,138              1,201,681              1,213,819 
Preferred conversion to common shares pursuant to a private placement agreement   (5,659)   660,522    6,604    85,236              86,182 
Net loss                       (7,746,593)        (7,746,593)
Balance @ 12/31/2017  $7,271    6,943,283   $69,432   $57,380,256   $(54,765,045)  $-   $2,691,914 

 

See Notes to Financial Statements

 

F-4

PRECISION THERAPEUTICS INC.

STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

   Year Ended
December 31,
   2017  2016
Cash flow from operating activities:          
Net loss  $(7,746,593)  $(6,526,014)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:          
Depreciation and amortization   71,562    82,356 
Vested stock options and warrants   4,042,256    165,271 
Equity instruments issued for management and consulting   359,133    721,330 
Issuance of common stock in cashless warrant exchange   -    736,725 
(Gain) loss on Sales of Equipment   -    (2,387)
Gain from sale of marketable securities   (1,837)   (4,716)
Changes in assets and liabilities:          
Accounts receivable   (98,580)   (636)
Inventories   7,163    (40,468)
Prepaid expense and other assets   (141,329)   122,943 
Accounts payable   (79,650)   (430,301)
Accrued expenses   (870,540)   791,459 
Deferred Revenue   (1,335)   2,998 
Net cash used in operating activities:   (4,459,750)   (4,381,440)
Cash flow from investing activities:          
Purchase of marketable securities   -    (850,000)
Proceeds from sale of marketable securities   284,665    571,887 
Purchase of certificates of deposit   (3,084,971)   (1,100,000)
Redemption of certificates of deposit   2,940,000    1,000,000 
Advances on notes receivable   

(1,737,512

)   - 
Purchase of fixed assets   (45,093)   (32,760)
Purchase of intangibles   (10,179)   (11,987)
Net cash used in investing activities   (1,653,090)   (422,860)
           
Cash flow from financing activities:          
Net proceeds from issuance of preferred stock   1,300,001    - 
Net proceeds from issuance of common stock   3,814,938    1,712,158 
Net cash provided by financing activities   5,114,939    1,712,158 
           
Net increase (decrease) in cash   (997,901)   (3,092,142)
Cash at beginning of period   1,764,090    4,856,232 
Cash at end of period  $766,189   $1,764,090 

 

See Notes to Financial Statements

 

F-5

SKYLINE MEDICAL INC.

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 1 — SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Nature of Operations and Continuance of Operations

 

The Company was originally incorporated on April 23, 2002 in Minnesota as BioDrain Medical, Inc. Effective August 6, 2013, the Company changed its name to Skyline Medical Inc. Pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger effective December 16, 2013, the Company merged with and into a Delaware corporation with the same name that was its wholly-owned subsidiary, with such Delaware Corporation as the surviving corporation of the merger. On August 31, 2015, the Company completed a successful offering and concurrent uplisting to The NASDAQ Capital Market. On February 1, 2018, we filed with the Secretary of State of Delaware a Certificate of Amendment to our Certificate of Incorporation to change our corporate name from Skyline Medical Inc. to Precision Therapeutics Inc., effective February 1, 2018. Because of this change, our common stock trades under the new ticker symbol “AIPT,” effective February 2, 2018. Skyline Medical (“Skyline”) remains as an incorporated division of Precision Therapeutics Inc.

 

As of December 31, 2017, the registrant had 6,943,283 shares of common stock, par value $.01 per share, outstanding, adjusted for a 1-for-25 reverse stock split effective October 27, 2016. In this Report, all numbers of shares and per share amounts, as appropriate, have been stated to reflect the reverse stock split. The Company has developed an environmentally safe system for the collection and disposal of infectious fluids that result from surgical procedures and post-operative care. The Company also makes ongoing sales of our proprietary cleaning fluid and filters to users of our systems. In April 2009, the Company received 510(k) clearance from the FDA to authorize the Company to market and sell its STREAMWAY System products.

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern. The Company has suffered recurring losses from operations and had a stockholders’ deficit until August 31, 2015 whereupon the Company closed its public offering of units of common stock, Series B Convertible Preferred Stock and Series A Warrants (the “Units”). There remains though, substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

  

Since inception to December 31, 2017, the Company raised approximately $29,065,934 in equity, inclusive of $2,055,000 from a private placement of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock, $13,555,003 from the public offering of Units, $1,739,770 from a registered direct offering, $3,937,500 plus an overallotment of $358,312 from a firm commitment underwritten public offering, $1,300,000 from a private placement of Series C Convertible Preferred Stock, and $5,685,000 in debt financing. See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Liquidity and Capital Resources.”

 

Recent Accounting Developments

 

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers and created a new topic in the FASB Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC"), Topic 606, and has since amended the standard with ASU 2015-14, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers: Deferral of the Effective Date,” ASU 2016-08, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers: Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net),” ASU 2016-10, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers: Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing,” ASU 2016-12, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers: Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients.” ASU 2017-13. These new standards provide a single comprehensive revenue recognition framework for all entities and supersedes nearly all existing U.S. GAAP revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance. The core principle of the revenue model is that an entity should recognize revenue in a manner that depicts the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The standard is designed to create greater comparability for financial statement users across industries and also requires enhanced disclosures. The amendments are effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within that reporting period. Early application is not permitted. The FASB allows two adoption methods under ASC 606. We adopted the standard on January 1, 2018 using the “modified retrospective method.” Under that method, we will apply the rules to all contracts existing as of January 1, 2018, recognizing in the beginning retained earnings an adjustment for the cumulative effect of the change and providing additional disclosure comparing results to previous accounting standards. While we continue to assess all potential impacts of the standard, it is currently anticipated that the standard will not have a material impact on our financial statements.

 

In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-15, Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern. The new standard requires management to assess an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern, and to provide related footnote disclosures in certain circumstances. The standard is effective for public entities for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2016, with early adoption permitted. We implemented in the first quarter of 2017.

 

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-11, Inventory (Topic 330): Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory, requiring that inventory be measured at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Net realizable value is defined as estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation. This ASU is effective within annual periods beginning on or after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within that reporting period. We implemented in the first quarter of 2017.

 

In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-17, “Income Taxes (Topic 740)” providing guidance on the balance sheet classification of deferred taxes. The guidance requires that deferred tax assets and liabilities to be classified as noncurrent in the Balance Sheet. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016 and for interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. We implemented in the first quarter of 2017.

 

F-6

In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-01, Financial Instruments-Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities (“ASU 2016-01”). The standard changes how entities measure certain equity investments and present changes in the fair value of financial liabilities measured under the fair value option that are attributable to their own credit. Under the new guidance, entities will be required to measure equity investments that do not result in consolidation and are not accounted for under the equity method at fair value and recognize any changes in fair value in net income unless the investments qualify for the new practicability exception. The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company does not believe that the adoption of this guidance will have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements and disclosures.

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842” (“ASU 2016-02”), which requires lessees to put most leases on their balance sheets but recognize the expenses on their income statements in a manner similar to current practice. The standard states that a lessee would recognize a lease liability for the obligation to make lease payments and a right-to-use asset for the right to use the underlying asset for the lease term. The standard is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the timing of our adoption and the impact that the updated standard will have on our financial statements.

 

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-09, “Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Shares-Based Payment Accounting” (“ASU2016-09”). ASU 2016-09 simplifies several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment transactions, including the income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and classification on the statement of cash flows. The standard is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016. Early adoption is permitted. We implemented in the first quarter of 2017.

 

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments, to address diversity in how certain cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statements of cash flows. The amendments are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The amendments should be applied using a retrospective transition method to each period presented. If retrospective application is impractical for some of the issues addressed by the update, the amendments for those issues would be applied prospectively as of the earliest date practicable. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2016-15 to have a material impact on its financial statements.

 

On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (Tax Reform Act) was signed into law making significant changes to the Internal Revenue Code. Changes include a reduction in the corporate tax rates, changes to operating loss carry-forwards and carrybacks, and a repeal of the corporate alternative minimum tax. The legislation reduces the U.S. corporate income tax rates from 34% to 21%. As a result of the enacted law, the Company is required to revalue its deferred tax assets and liabilities at the new enacted rate.

 

We reviewed all other significant newly issued accounting pronouncements and determined they are either not applicable to our business or that no material effect is expected on our financial position and results of our operations.

 

Valuation of Intangible Assets

 

We review identifiable intangible assets for impairment in accordance with ASC 350 — Intangibles —Goodwill and Other, whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying amount may not be recoverable. Our intangible assets are currently solely the costs of obtaining trademarks and patents. Events or changes in circumstances that indicate the carrying amount may not be recoverable include, but are not limited to, a significant change in the medical device marketplace and a significant adverse change in the business climate in which we operate. If such events or changes in circumstances are present, the undiscounted cash flows method is used to determine whether the intangible asset is impaired. Cash flows would include the estimated terminal value of the asset and exclude any interest charges. If the carrying value of the asset exceeds the undiscounted cash flows over the estimated remaining life of the asset, the asset is considered impaired, and the impairment is measured by reducing the carrying value of the asset to its fair value using the discounted cash flows method. The discount rate utilized is based on management’s best estimate of the related risks and return at the time the impairment assessment is made.

 

Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

The presentation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Presentation of Taxes Collected from Customers

 

Sales taxes are imposed on the Company’s sales to nonexempt customers. The Company collects the taxes from customers and remits the entire amounts to the governmental authorities. The Company’s accounting policy is to exclude the taxes collected and remitted from revenues and expenses.

 

Shipping and Handling

 

Shipping and handling charges billed to customers are recorded as revenue. Shipping and handling costs are recorded within cost of goods sold on the statement of operations.

 

Advertising

 

Advertising costs are expensed as incurred. Advertising expenses were $37,060 in 2017, and $71,212 in 2016.

 

Research and Development

 

Research and development costs are charged to operations as incurred.  Research and development costs were approximately $289,000 and $406,000 for 2017 and 2016, respectively.

 

F-7

Revenue Recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with the SEC’s Staff Accounting Bulletin Revenue Recognition and ASC 606- Revenue Recognition.

 

We recognize revenue when the following criteria are met: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists – we receive both a signed purchase order and contract of terms and conditions confirming the sale from the customer; delivery has occurred – the goods are shipped from our warehouse and delivered and accepted by the customer; the selling price is fixed or determinable – confirmed on the customer purchase order and then invoiced immediately upon shipment of the goods; and collectability is reasonably assured – our customers are long standing hospitals, ambulatory surgical centers and others that pass credit checks. The terms of our agreements with our customers are specified in written agreements. These written agreements, the purchase order and the matching invoice, constitute the persuasive evidence of the arrangements with our customers that are a precondition to the recognition of revenue.

 

We undertake an evaluation of the creditworthiness of both new and, on a periodic basis, existing customers. Based on these reviews we determine whether collection of our prospective revenue is probable.

 

We have adopted the provisions of Accounting Standards Update, or “ASU” 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Accounting Standards Codification, or “ASC” 606), which requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. Companies are permitted to adopt ASC 606 using a full retrospective or modified retrospective method. We adopted the standard on January 1, 2018 using a modified retrospective method.

 

While we continue to assess all potential impacts of the standard, it is currently anticipated that the standard will not have a material impact on our financial statements.

 

Cash Equivalents

 

The Company considers all highly liquid debt instruments with a maturity of three months or less when purchased to be cash equivalents. Cash equivalents are stated at cost, which approximate fair value.

 

Certificates of Deposit

 

Short-term interest-bearing investments are those with maturities of less than one year but greater than three months when purchased. Certificates with maturity dates beyond one year are classified as noncurrent assets. These investments are readily convertible to cash and are stated at cost plus accrued interest, which approximates fair value.

 

Investment Securities

 

Readily marketable investments in debt and equity services are classified as available-for-sale and are reported at fair value with unrealized gains losses recorded in other comprehensive income. Unrealized gains are charged to earnings when an incline in fair value above the cost basis is determined to be other-than-temporary. Realized gains and losses on dispositions are based on the net proceeds and the adjusted book value of the securities sold, using the specific identification method.

 

Fair Value Measurements

 

Under generally accepted accounting principles as outlined in the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s Accounting Standards Certification (ASC) 820, fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The accounting standards ASC 820 establishes a three-level fair value hierarchy that prioritizes information used in developing assumptions when pricing an asset or liability as follows:

 

Level 1 – Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets;

 

Level 2 – Inputs other than quoted prices in active markets, that are observable either directly or indirectly; and

 

Level 3 – Unobservable inputs where there is little or no market data, which requires the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions.

 

The Company uses observable market data, when available, in making fair value measurements. Fair value measurements are classified according to the lowest level input that is significant to the valuation.

 

The fair value of the Company’s investment securities were determined based on Level 1 inputs.

 

Receivables

 

Receivables are reported at the amount the Company expects to collect on balances outstanding. The Company provides for probable uncollectible amounts through charges to earnings and credits to the valuation based on management’s assessment of the current status of individual accounts, changes to the valuation allowance have not been material to the financial statements.

 

Inventories

 

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market, with cost determined on a first-in, first-out basis. Inventory balances are as follows:

 

   December 31,
2017
  December 31,
2016
       
Finished goods  $62,932   $38,201 
Raw materials   141,028    165,812 
Work-In-Process   61,085    68,195 
Total  $265,045   $272,208 

 

F-8

Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Depreciation of property and equipment is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the respective assets. Estimated useful asset life by classification is as follows:

 

    Years
Computers and office equipment     3 - 7  
Leasehold improvements       5    
Manufacturing Tooling     3 - 7  
Demo Equipment       3    

 

The Company’s investment in Fixed Assets consists of the following:

 

   December 31,
2017
  December 31,
2016
Computers and office equipment  $183,528   $164,318 
Leasehold Improvements   25,635    25,635 
Manufacturing Tooling   108,955    103,204 
Demo Equipment   43,368    23,236 
Total   361,486    316,393 
Less: Accumulated Depreciation   273,770    214,897 
Total Fixed Assets, Net  $87,716   $101,496 

 

Upon retirement or sale, the cost and related accumulated depreciation are removed from the balance sheet and the resulting gain or loss is reflected in operations. Maintenance and repairs are charged to operations as incurred.

 

Depreciation expense was $58,872 in 2017 and $73,249 in 2016.

 

Intangible Assets

 

Intangible assets consist of trademarks and patent costs. Amortization expense was $12,689 in 2017 and $9,107 in 2016. The assets are reviewed for impairment annually, and impairment losses, if any, are charged to operations when identified.

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with ASC 740- Income Taxes (“ASC 740”). Under ASC 740, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the differences between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities and net operating loss and credit carryforwards using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to impact taxable income. Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to the amounts expected to be realized.

 

The Company reviews income tax positions expected to be taken in income tax returns to determine if there are any income tax uncertainties. The Company recognizes tax benefits from uncertain tax positions only if it is more likely than not that the tax positions will be sustained on examination by taxing authorities, based on technical merits of the positions. The Company has identified no income tax uncertainties.

 

Tax years subsequent to 2014 remain open to examination by federal and state tax authorities.

 

Patents and Intellectual Property

 

On January 25th, 2014, the Company filed a non-provisional PCT Application No. PCT/US2014/013081 claiming priority from the U.S. Provisional Patent Application, number 61756763 which was filed one year earlier on January 25th, 2013. The Patent Cooperation Treaty (“PCT”) allows an applicant to file a single patent application to seek patent protection for an invention simultaneously in each of the 148 countries of the PCT, including the United States. By filing this single “international” patent application through the PCT, it is easier and more cost effective than filing separate applications directly with each national or regional patent office in which patent protection is desired.

 

Our PCT patent application is for the new model of the surgical fluid waste management system. We obtained a favorable International Search Report from the PCT searching authority indicating that the claims in our PCT application are patentable (i.e., novel and non-obvious) over the cited prior art. A feature claimed in the PCT application is the ability to maintain continuous suction to the surgical field while measuring, recording and evacuating fluid to the facilities sewer drainage system. This provides for continuous operation of the STREAMWAY System unit in suctioning waste fluids, which means that suction is not interrupted during a surgical operation, for example, to empty a fluid collection container or otherwise dispose of the collected fluid.

 

The Company holds the following granted patents in the United States and a pending application in the United States on its earlier models: US7469727, US8123731 and U.S. Publication No. US20090216205 (collectively, the “Patents”). These Patents will begin to expire on August 8, 2023.

 

F-9

In July 2015, Skyline Medical filed an international (PCT) patent application for its fluid waste collection system and received a favorable determination by the International Searching Authority finding that all of the claims satisfy the requirements for novelty, inventive step and industrial applicability.  Skyline anticipates that the favorable International Search Report will result in allowance of its various national applications.

 

The United States Patent Office has assigned application #14/763,459 to our previously filed PCT application.

 

As of November 22, 2017, the Company was informed that the European Patent Office has allowed all our claims for application #14743665.3-1651, and has sent a Notice of Intent to Grant. Skyline is now in the process of identifying the key European countries that we will validate the patent in.

 

Credit Risk

 

Financial instruments which potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash. The Company places its cash with high credit quality financial institutions and, by policy, generally limits the amount of credit exposure to any one financial institution. The Company had a credit risk concentration as a result of depositing $563,000 of funds in excess of insurance limits in a single bank.

 

Product Warranty Costs

 

In 2017 and in 2016, the Company incurred approximately $6,209 and $34,665 in warranty costs.

 

Segments

 

The Company operates in two segments for the sale of its medical device and consumable products. Substantially all of the Company’s assets, revenues, and expenses for 2017 and 2016 were located at or derived from operations in the United States. There was $26,662 in revenues from sales outside of the United States during 2017.

 

Risks and Uncertainties

 

The Company is subject to risks common to companies in the medical device industry, including, but not limited to, development by the Company or its competitors of new technological innovations, dependence on key personnel, protection of proprietary technology, and compliance with regulations of the FDA and other governmental agencies.

 

NOTE 2 – DEVELOPMENT STAGE OPERATIONS

 

The Company was formed April 23, 2002. Since inception through December 31, 2017, 6,943,283 shares of common stock have been issued between par value and $3,131.25. Operations since incorporation have primarily been devoted to raising capital, obtaining financing, development of the Company’s product, administrative services, customer acceptance and sales and marketing strategies.

 

NOTE 3 – STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT), STOCK OPTIONS AND WARRANTS

 

2015 Public Offering of Units

 

On August 31, 2015 (the “Issuance Date”), the Company completed a public offering (the “Offering”) of 1,666,667 Units (the “Units”) as described below. The public offering price in the Offering was $9.00 per Unit, and the purchase price for the underwriter of the Offering (the “Underwriter”) was $8.28 per Unit, resulting in an underwriting discount and commission of $0.72 (or 8.00%) per Unit and total net proceeds to the Company before expenses of $13.8 million. The Company had granted the Underwriter an option for a period of 45 days to purchase up to an additional 250,000 Units solely to cover over-allotments. The Underwriter chose not to purchase any additional Units under the over-allotment option. The Company paid to the Underwriter a non-accountable expense allowance equal to 1% of the gross proceeds of the Offering and agreed to reimburse expenses incurred by the Underwriter up to $70,000.

 

On August 31, 2015, as a result of the communication of the Offering and the issuance of the 228,343 Exchange Units in the Unit Exchange described below, the Company issued a total of 1,895,010 Units, comprised of a total of aggregate of 75,801 shares of Common Stock, 1,895,010 shares of Series B Preferred Stock and 7,580,040 Series A Warrants.

 

Each Unit consisted of one share of common stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Common Stock”), one share of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (“Series B Preferred Stock”) and four Series A Warrants. The shares of Common Stock, the shares of Series B Preferred Stock and the Series A Warrants that comprise the Units automatically separated on February 29, 2016.

 

For a description of the terms of the Series B Convertible Preferred Stock included within the Units, see “Certificate of Designation for Series B Preferred Stock” below. For a description of the terms of the Series A Warrants included within the Units, see “Series A Warrants” below.

 

Series A Warrants. The Series A Warrants separated from the Series B Convertible Preferred Stock and the Common Stock included within the Units as described above and are currently exercisable. The Series A Warrants will terminate on August 31, 2020. Each Series A Warrant is exercisable into one share of Common Stock at an initial cash exercise price of $123.75 per share. The exercise price and number of shares of common stock issuable upon exercise is subject to appropriate adjustment in the event of stock dividends, stock splits, reorganizations or similar events affecting the Common Stock and the exercise price.

 

F-10

Holders may exercise Series A Warrants by paying the exercise price in cash or, in lieu of payment of the exercise price in cash, by electing to receive a number of shares of Common Stock equal to the Black Scholes Value (as defined below) based upon the number of shares the holder elects to exercise. The number of shares of Common Stock to be delivered will be determined according to the following formula, referred to as the “Cashless Exercise.”

 

Total Shares = (A x B) / C

 

Where:

 

  · Total Shares is the number of shares of Common Stock to be issued upon a Cashless Exercise.
     
  · A is the total number of shares with respect to which the Series A Warrant is then being exercised.

 

  · B is the Black Scholes Value (as defined below).

 

  · C is the closing bid price of the Common Stock as of two trading days prior to the time of such exercise, provided that in no event may “C” be less than $0.43 per share (subject to appropriate adjustment in the event of stock dividends, stock splits or similar events affecting the Common Stock).

 

The Black Scholes Value (as defined above) as of September 30, 2016 was $4.319, and the closing bid price of Common Stock as of September 30, 2016, was $4.125. Therefore, an exercise on that date would have resulted in the issuance of .40 shares of Common Stock for each Series A Warrant. Approximately 6,141,115 Series A Warrants have been exercised in cashless exercises as of September 30, 2016, resulting in the issuance of 2,318,663 shares of Common Stock. If all of the remaining 35,084 Series A Warrants that were issued as part of the Units sold in the Offering and part of the Units issued on August 31, 2015 were exercised pursuant to a cashless exercise and the closing bid price of our common stock as of the two trading days prior to the time of such exercise was $0.43 per share or less and the Black Scholes Value were $4.319 (the Black Scholes Value as of September 30, 2016), then a total of approximately 564 shares of our common stock would be issued to the holders of such Series A Warrants.

 

The Series A Warrants will not be exercisable or exchangeable by the holder of such warrants to the extent (and only to the extent) that the holder or any of its affiliates would beneficially own in excess of 4.99% of the common stock of the Company, determined in accordance with Section 13(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the regulations promulgated thereunder.

 

In addition to (but not duplicative of) the adjustments to the exercise price and the number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the Series A Warrants in the event of stock dividends, stock splits, reorganizations or similar events, the Series A Warrants provide for certain adjustments if the Company, at any time prior to the three year anniversary of the Issuance Date, (1) declares or makes any dividend or other distribution of its assets (or rights to acquire its assets) to all or substantially all of the holders of shares of Common Stock at any time after the Issuance Date, or (2) grants, issues or sells any options, convertible securities or rights to purchase stock, warrants, securities or other property pro rata to all or substantially all of the record holders of any class of shares of Common Stock.  Further, if at any time a Series A Warrant is outstanding, the Company consummates any fundamental transaction, as described in the Series A Warrants and generally including any consolidation or merger into another corporation, or the sale of all or substantially all of our assets, or other transaction in which the Common Stock is converted into or exchanged for other securities or other consideration, the holder of any Series A Warrants will thereafter receive, the securities or other consideration to which a holder or the number of shares of Common Stock then deliverable upon the exercise or exchange of such Series A Warrants would have been entitled upon such consolidation or merger or other transaction.

 

Unit Purchase Option. The Company, in connection with the Offering, entered into a Unit Purchase Option Agreement, dated as of August 31, 2015 (the “Unit Purchase Option”), pursuant to which the Company granted the Underwriter the right to purchase from the Company up to a number of Units equal to 5% of the Units sold in the Offering (or up to 83,333 Units) at an exercise price equal to 125% of the public offering price of the Units in the Offering, or $11.25 per Unit. The Unit Purchase Option was terminated in May 2016 in exchange for 135,995 shares of common stock.

 

Series B Preferred Stock. Each share of Series B Preferred Stock is convertible into one share of Common Stock (subject to appropriate adjustment in the event of stock dividends, stock splits, reorganizations or similar events) on the six-month anniversary of the Issuance Date or on the date of an Early Separation. In addition, the Series B Preferred Stock will automatically convert into shares of common stock upon the occurrence of a fundamental transaction, as described in the certificate of designations for the Series B Preferred Stock but including mergers, sales of the company’s assets, changes in control and similar transactions. The Series B Preferred Stock is not convertible by the holder of such preferred stock to the extent (and only to the extent that the holder or any of its affiliates would beneficially own in excess of 4.99% of the common stock of the Company. The Series B Preferred Stock has no voting rights, except for the right to approve certain amendments to the certificate of designations or similar actions. With respect to payment of dividends and distribution of assets upon liquidation or dissolution or winding up of the Company, the Series B Preferred Stock shall rank equal to the common stock of the Company. No sinking fund has been established for the retirement or redemption of the Series B Preferred Stock.

 

Unit Exchange. On February 4, 2014, the Company raised $2,055,000 in gross proceeds from a private placement of 20,550 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock, par value $0.01, with a stated value of $100 per share (the “Series A Preferred Shares”) and warrants to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock. The Series A Preferred Shares and warrants were sold to investors pursuant to a Securities Purchase Agreement, dated as of February 4, 2014. On August 31, 2015, the Company issued a total of 228,343 Units (the “Exchange Units”) in exchange for the outstanding Series A Preferred Stock which were then cancelled pursuant to an agreement with the holders of the Series A Preferred Shares. The warrants that were issued in connection with the issuance of the Series A Preferred Shares remained outstanding; however, the warrant amounts were reduced so that the warrants are exercisable into an aggregate of 3,391 shares of the Company’s common stock. The Exchange Units were exempt from registration under Section 3(a)(9) of the Securities Act. On August 31, 2015, the Company filed a termination certificate with the Delaware Secretary of State. Following that date there were no shares of Series A Preferred Stock outstanding, and the previously authorized shares of Series A Preferred Stock resumed the status of authorized but unissued and undesignated shares of preferred stock of the Company.

 

Redemption of Convertible Notes. In connection with the closing of the Offering, $933,074 aggregate principal amount of Convertible Notes plus interest and a 40% redeemable premium were redeemed for total payments of $1,548,792. See Note 4. Of this amount, approximately $167,031 was paid to its affiliates in redemption of their Convertible Notes.

 

F-11

Registered Exchange Offer for Warrants. On March 25, 2016, the Company commenced a registered exchange offer (the “Exchange Offer”) to exchange Series B Warrants (the “Series B Warrants”) to purchase shares of our common stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Warrant Shares”), for up to an aggregate of 3,157,186 outstanding Series A Warrants (the “Series A Warrants”). On March 31, 2016, each Series A Warrant could be exercised on a cashless basis for 10.05 shares of common stock. Each Series B Warrant may be exercised on a cashless basis for one share of common stock. For each outstanding Series A Warrant tendered by holders, we offered to issue 10.2 Series B Warrants, which are subject to cashless exercise at a fixed rate of one share of common stock per Series B Warrant (subject to further adjustment for stock splits, etc.). The Exchange Offer expired at midnight, Eastern time, on April 21, 2016. 1,770,556 Series A Warrants were tendered by holders. The Company delivered an aggregate of 18,059,671 Series B Warrants pursuant to the terms of the Exchange Offer. In addition, between March 31, 2016 and July 6, 2016 1,251,510 Series A Warrants were exercised in cashless exercises, resulting in the issuance of 20,122 shares of common stock.

 

2016 Registered Direct Offering

 

On November 29, 2016, the Company closed a registered direct offering for gross proceeds of $1,983,337. The offering consisted of 756,999 shares of common stock priced at $2.62 per share and five-year warrants for 756,999 shares of common stock that become exercisable in six months, with a strike price of $4.46 per share. The net proceeds from the sale of the securities, after deducting placement agent fees and related offering expenses, was $1,739,770.

 

2017 Firm Commitment Public Offering

 

On January 19, 2017 the Company closed a firm commitment public offering for 1,750,000 Units at $2.25 per Unit. The Units comprised one share of Common Stock and 0.2 Series D Warrants with each whole Series D Warrant purchasing one share of our Common Stock at an exercise price of $2.25 per share. We received gross proceeds of $3,937,500. Subsequently the underwriter exercised over-allotment for 175,000 shares of common stock and for Series D warrants to purchase 35,000 shares of common stock at $0.01 per warrant. The Company received net proceeds from the over-allotment of $358,312.

 

2017 Private Placement

 

On November 30, 2017, the Company closed a private placement of a newly created series of preferred stock designated as “Series C Convertible Preferred Stock” with a New York based Family Office. Pursuant to the Securities Purchase Agreement, the investor purchased 1,213,819 shares of Series C stock at a purchase price of $1.071 per Series C Share, together with a warrant to purchase up to 606,910 shares of common stock. The warrant has an exercise price of $1.26 per share, subject to adjustment, has a five and one-half year term and is exercisable commencing six months following the date of issuance. Total gross proceeds to Skyline were $1,300,000 before deducting expenses and will be used for general working capital. In connection with the Offering and pursuant to a registration rights agreement, the Company has agreed to file a “resale” registration statement covering all of the shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of the warrant. Pursuant to the Securities Purchase agreement, and as of this filing date, all the Preferred Series C shares were converted at a conversion rate of 1.167 to a maximum of 1,250,269 shares of common stock. The remaining 142,466 shares of Preferred Series C stock were cancelled with a redemption payment to the holder for $189,285.

 

Equity Incentive Plan

 

The Company has an equity incentive plan, which allows issuance of incentive and non-qualified stock options to employees, directors and consultants of the Company, where permitted under the plan. The exercise price for each stock option is determined by the Board of Directors. Vesting requirements are determined by the Board of Directors when granted and currently range from immediate to three years. Options under this plan have terms ranging from three to ten years.

 

Accounting for share-based payment

 

The Company has adopted ASC 718- Compensation-Stock Compensation ("ASC 718"). Under ASC 718 stock-based employee compensation cost is recognized using the fair value based method for all new awards granted after January 1, 2006 and unvested awards outstanding at January 1, 2006. Compensation costs for unvested stock options and non-vested awards that were outstanding at January 1, 2006, are being recognized over the requisite service period based on the grant-date fair value of those options and awards, using a straight-line method. We elected the modified-prospective method under which prior periods are not retroactively restated.

 

ASC 718 requires companies to estimate the fair value of stock-based payment awards on the date of grant using an option-pricing model or other acceptable means. The Company uses the Black-Scholes option valuation model which requires the input of significant assumptions including an estimate of the average period of time employees will retain vested stock options before exercising them, the estimated volatility of the Company's common stock price over the expected term, the number of options that will ultimately be forfeited before completing vesting requirements, the expected dividend rate and the risk-free interest rate. Changes in the assumptions can materially affect the estimate of fair value of stock-based compensation and, consequently, the related expense recognized. The assumptions the Company uses in calculating the fair value of stock-based payment awards represent the Company's best estimates, which involve inherent uncertainties and the application of management's judgment. As a result, if factors change and the Company uses different assumptions, the Company's equity-based compensation expense could be materially different in the future.

 

Since the Company's common stock has no significant public trading history, and the Company has experienced no significant option exercises in its history, the Company is required to take an alternative approach to estimating future volatility and estimated life and the future results could vary significantly from the Company's estimates. The Company compiled historical volatilities over a period of 2 to 7 years of 15 small-cap medical companies traded on major exchanges and 10 mid-range medical companies on the OTC Bulletin Board and combined the results using a weighted average approach. In the case of ordinary options to employees the Company determined the expected life to be the midpoint between the vesting term and the legal term. In the case of options or warrants granted to non-employees, the Company estimated the life to be the legal term unless there was a compelling reason to make it shorter.

 

When an option or warrant is granted in place of cash compensation for services, the Company deems the value of the service rendered to be the value of the option or warrant. In most cases, however, an option or warrant is granted in addition to other forms of compensation and its separate value is difficult to determine without utilizing an option pricing model. For that reason the Company also uses the Black-Scholes option-pricing model to value options and warrants granted to non-employees, which requires the input of significant assumptions including an estimate of the average period the investors or consultants will retain vested stock options and warrants before exercising them, the estimated volatility of the Company's common stock price over the expected term, the number of options and warrants that will ultimately be forfeited before completing vesting requirements, the expected dividend rate and the risk-free interest rate. Changes in the assumptions can materially affect the estimate of fair value of stock-based consulting and/or compensation and, consequently, the related expense recognized.

 

Since the Company has limited trading history in its stock and no first-hand experience with how its investors and consultants have acted in similar circumstances, the assumptions the Company uses in calculating the fair value of stock-based payment awards represent its best estimates, which involve inherent uncertainties and the application of management's judgment. As a result, if factors change and the Company uses different assumptions, the Company's equity-based consulting and interest expense could be materially different in the future.

 

Valuation and accounting for options and warrants

 

The Company determines the grant date fair value of options and warrants using a Black-Scholes option valuation model based upon assumptions regarding risk-free interest rate, expected dividend rate, volatility and estimated term.

 

F-12

On July 1, 2016, the Company issued inducement stock options in accordance with NASDAQ listing rule for 40,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 at $3.75 per share to the Company’s newly hired Vice President of Sales. The options will vest in six equal increments: on the first, second, third, fourth, fifth and sixth quarters of the hiring date anniversary.

 

On October 4, 2016, the Company issued 400,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.01, to be held in escrow in connection with the Company’s Partnership and Exclusive Reseller Agreement with GLG Pharma, LLC.

 

For grants of stock options and warrants in 2016 the Company used a 1.46% to 2.45% risk free interest rate, 0% dividend rate, 59% to 66% volatility and estimated terms of 5 to 10 years. Value computed using these assumptions ranged from $1.6329 to $3.7195 per share.

  

On April 19, 2017, the Company terminated the Company’s Partnership and Exclusive Reseller Agreement with GLG Pharma, LLC and thereby received 400,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.01, from escrow.

 

For grants of stock options and warrants in 2017 the Company used a 1.92% to 2.40% risk free interest rate, 0% dividend rate, 59% to 66% volatility and estimated terms of 5 to 10 years. Value computed using these assumptions ranged from $0.6541 to $1.5489 per share.

 

The following summarizes transactions for stock options and warrants for the periods indicated: 

 

   Stock Options  Warrants
   Number of
Shares
  Average
Exercise
Price
  Number of
Shares
  Average
Exercise
Price
Outstanding at December 31, 2015   31,350   $133.23    323,099   $128.40 
                     
Issued   157,982    3.14    1,487,881    0.71 
Expired   (22,377)   122.13    -    - 
Exercised   (1,312)   65.75    (939,879)   - 
                     
Outstanding at December 31, 2016   165,643   $11.22    871,101   $52.22 
                     
Issued   2,612,070    1.45    1,082,946    1.49 
Expired   (12,730)   10.39    (2,790)   281.46 
Exercised   -    -    -    - 
                     
Outstanding at December 31, 2017   2,764,983   $2.00    1,951,257   $23.74 

 

At December 31, 2017, 1,728,264 stock options are fully vested and currently exercisable with a weighted average exercise price of $2.29 and a weighted average remaining term of 9.45 years. There are 1,253,311 warrants that are fully vested and exercisable. Stock-based compensation recognized in 2017 and 2016 was $1,892,159 and $165,271, respectively. The Company has $1,139,172 of unrecognized compensation expense related to non-vested stock options that are expected to be recognized over the next 24 months.

 

F-13

The following summarizes the status of options and warrants outstanding at December 31, 2017:

 

Range of Exercise Prices  Shares  Weighted
Average
Remaining
Life
Options:          
$1.01   124,358    10.00 
$1.454   17,200    9.75 
$1.47   2,456,226    9.48 
$2.10   14,286    9.25 
$2.25   293    8.65 
$2.42   24,768    8.38 
$2.80   57,145    9.01 
$3.75   44,000    8.50 
$4.125   3,636    8.75 
$4.1975   7,147    8.72 
$4.25   3,529    8.25 
$5.125   3,902    8.69 
$65.75   190    7.40 
$73.50   1,157    8.01 
$77.50   2,323    7.50 
$80.25   187    7.75 
$86.25   232    7.25 
$131.25   81    4.69 
$148.125   928    5.21 
$150.00   1,760    4.63 
$162.50   123    7.01 
$206.25   121    6.75 
$248.4375   121    5.54 
$262.50   130    5.54 
$281.25   529    5.04 
$318.75   3    5.35 
$346.875   72    6.25 
$431.25   306    6.19 
$506.25   188    6.00 
$596.25   42    5.75 
Total   2,764,983      
           
Warrants:          
$1.07   697,946    4.85 
$2.25   385,000    4.06 
$4.46   756,999    3.92 
$93.75   2,255    0.19 
$123.75   94,084    2.67 
$150.00   4,114    0.20 
$225.00   107    0.07 
$243.75   2,529    1.59 
$281.25   3,107    0.14 
$309.375   2,850    1.61 
$309.50   222    1.85 
$337.50   178    0.46 
$371.25   944    0.41 
$506.25   59    1.12 
$609.375   862    1.09 
Total   1,951,257      

 

Stock options and warrants expire on various dates from January 2018 to December 2027.

 

F-14

At a special meeting of stockholders held on September 15, 2016, the Company’s stockholders (i) approved an amendment to the Company’s certificate of incorporation to increase the number of authorized shares of common stock from 100,000,000 to 200,000,000 (before the reverse stock split described in the following sentence). (ii) approved an amendment to the Company’s certificate of incorporation to affect a reverse stock split of the outstanding shares of its common stock within certain limits. On September 16, 2016, the Company filed a Certificate of Amendment to its Certificate of Incorporation to affect the increase in the authorized capital stock. On October 26, 2016, the Company filed a Certificate of Amendment to its Certificate of Incorporation to affect a reverse stock split of the outstanding shares of its common stock at a ratio of one-for-twenty-five (1:25), and a proportionate decrease of the authorized common stock from 200,000,000 shares to 8,000,000 shares. The reverse stock split took effect at 5:00 p.m. New York time on October 27, 2016, and the Company’s common stock commenced trading on a post-split basis on October 28, 2016. The Company’s board of directors has determined that the Company may require additional authorized shares for anticipated equity financings, future equity offerings, strategic acquisition opportunities, and the continued issuance of equity awards under our stock incentive plan to recruit and retain key employees, and for other proper corporate purposes. As a result, the board of directors called another special meeting of the stockholders that took place on January 29, 2017. The vote, a proposal to increase the number of authorized shares of common stock from 8,000,000 shares to 24,000,000 shares of common stock under the Company’s certificate of incorporation passed. On December 28, 2017, the Company held its annual meeting. Pursuant to the meeting on January 2, 2018, the Certificate of Incorporation of the Company was amended to increase the number of authorized shares of common stock from 24,000,000 to 50,000,000 shares of common stock, $0.01 par value. Additionally, the stockholders approved an amendment to the Company’s 2012 Plan to (i) increase the reserve of shares of Common Stock authorized for issuance thereunder to 5,000,000, (ii) to increase certain threshold limits for grants, and (iii) to re-approve the performance goals thereunder. Pursuant to the annual meeting and the aforementioned approvals, and as explained in the Company’s definitive proxy statement filed with the SEC on December 4, 2017, amendments to the 2012 Plan were considered at the 2016 annual meeting but were not approved by the required vote. For options to purchase approximately 2.5 million shares granted after the 2016 annual meeting, the grantees agreed not to exercise the options prior to further stockholder approval of an increase in the reserve under the 2012 Plan. As a result of the stockholder approval of the amendments at the 2017 annual meeting, these restrictions on exercise were removed on December 28, 2017. Due to the removal of this restriction on exercise, the Company recognized a non-cash charge for compensation expense of approximately $1.9 million in the fourth quarter of 2017.

 

Stock Options and Warrants Granted by the Company

 

The following table is the listing of stock options and warrants as of December 31, 2017 by year of grant:

 

Stock Options:

 

Year   Shares   Price
2011     173         281.25    
2012     1,841       131.25 150.00  
2013     1,553       148.13 596.25  
2014     835       162.50 431.25  
2015     4,088       65.75 86.25  
2016     144,423       2.25 5.13  
2017     2,612,070       1.01 2.10  
Total     2,764,983       $1.01 596.25  

 

Warrants:

 

Year   Shares   Price
2013     10,705       93.75 371.25  
2014     6,455       243.75 609.38  
2015     94,152       0.00 243.75  
2016     756,999         4.46    
2017     1,082,946       1.07 2.25  
Total     1,951,257       $0.00 609.38  

 

NOTE 4– NOTES RECEIVABLE

 

In July 2017, the Company began to advance funds to CytoBioscience for working capital for CytoBioscience’s business. All the notes receivable bear simple interest at 8% and are due in full on December 31, 2017. All the notes are covered by a security interest in all of CytoBioscience’s accounts receivable and related rights in connection with all of the advances. The principal amount of the secured promissory notes receivable from CytoBioscience totaled $1,070,000 as of December 31, 2017. In March 2018, the Company executed a new note replacing all previous CytoBioscience notes for $1,112,524, plus interest paid monthly at the per annum rate of eight percent (8%) on the principal amount. The secured note has a term of two years with the unpaid principal and unpaid accrued interest due and payable on February 28, 2020.

 

The Company advanced $600,000 for working capital for Helomics’ business. The notes receivable bear simple interest at 8% and is due in full on April 30, 2018. Additionally, in December 2017, the Company advanced $67,512.10 to De Lage Landen as fifty percent (50%) down payment for a lease to purchase certain equipment. The note is covered by a security interest in certain equipment of Helomics. In March 2018, the Company converted $500,000 of the note receivable into 833,333 shares of common stock for an additional 5% interest in Helomics Corporation. The Company now has an equity stake in Helomics totaling 25%. The Company is currently negotiating terms for payment on the remaining $167,512.10 plus interest.

 

F-15

NOTE 5 - LOSS PER SHARE

 

The following table presents the shares used in the basic and diluted loss per common share computations:

 

   Year Ended
December 31,
   2017  2016
Numerator:          
Net loss available in basic and diluted calculation  $(7,746,593)  $(6,526,014)
Other comprehensive income:          
Unrealized gain (loss) from marketable securities   -    1,501 
Comprehensive (loss)   (7,746,593)   (6,524,513)
Denominator:          
Weighted average common shares outstanding-basic   6,362,989    2,823,345 
           
Effect of dilutive stock options, warrants and preferred stock (1)   -    - 
           
Weighted average common shares outstanding-basic   6,362,989    2,823,345 
           
Loss per common share-basic and diluted  $(1.22)  $(2.31)

 

(1) The number of shares underlying options and warrants outstanding as of December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 are 4,716,240 and 1,036,744, respectively. The number of shares underlying the preferred stock as of December 31, 2017 is 79,246 for Series B Convertible and 647,819 for Series C Convertible. The effect of the shares that would be issued upon exercise of such options, warrants and preferred stock has been excluded from the calculation of diluted loss per share because those shares are anti-dilutive.

 

NOTE 6– INCOME TAXES

 

The provision for income taxes consists of an amount for taxes currently payable and a provision for tax consequences deferred to future periods. Deferred income taxes are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The Tax Reform Act was enacted December 22, 2017. Effective January 1, 2018 the Tax Reform Act reduced corporate income tax rates from 34% to 21%. Other changes effect operating loss carry-forwards and carrybacks, as well as a repeal of the corporate alternative minimum tax. As a result of the Tax Reform Act, deferred tax assets and liabilities will be re-measured to account for the lower tax rates.

 

There was no income tax impact from the re-measurement due to the 100% valuation allowance on the Company’s deferred tax assets. There is no federal or state income tax provision in the accompanying statements of operations due to the cumulative operating losses incurred and 100% valuation allowance for the deferred tax assets.

 

During September 2013, the Company experienced an "ownership change" as defined in Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code which could potentially limit the ability to utilize the Company’s net operating losses (NOLs). The Company may have experienced additional “ownership change(s)” since September 2013, but a formal study has not yet been performed. The general limitation rules allow the Company to utilize its NOLs subject to an annual limitation that is determined by multiplying the federal long-term tax-exempt rate by the Company’s value immediately before the ownership change.

 

At December 31, 2016, the Company had approximately $30.9 million of gross NOLs to reduce future federal taxable income, the majority of which are expected to be available for use in 2017, subject to the Section 382 limitation described above. The federal NOLs will expire beginning in 2022 if unused. The Company also had approximately $13.0 million of gross NOLs to reduce future state taxable income at December 31, 2016, which will expire in years 2022 through 2037 if unused. The Company's net deferred tax assets, which include the NOLs, are subject to a full valuation allowance. At December 31, 2016, the federal and state valuation allowances were $10.7 million and $0.2 million, respectively.

 

At December 31, 2017, the Company had approximately $34.5 million of gross NOLs to reduce future federal taxable income, the majority of which are expected to be available for use in 2018, subject to the Section 382 limitation described above. The federal NOLs will expire beginning in 2022 if unused. The Company also had approximately $12.2 million of gross NOLs to reduce future state taxable income at December 31, 2017, which will expire in years 2022 through 2037 if unused. The Company's net deferred tax assets, which include the NOLs, are subject to a full valuation allowance. At December 31, 2017, the federal and state valuation allowances were $7.4 million and $0.2 million, respectively. The reduction in net deferred tax assets and corresponding valuation allowance from the prior period is a result of re measuring the Company’s deferred tax assets and liabilities at the new lower enacted rate.

 

The valuation allowance has been recorded due to the uncertainty of realization of the benefits associated with the net operating losses. Future events and changes in circumstances could cause this valuation allowance to change.

 

F-16

The components of deferred income taxes at December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 are as follows:

 

   December 31,
2017
  December 31,
2016
       
Deferred Tax Asset:          
Net Operating Loss  $7,393,100   $10,755,000 
Other   215,843    189,000 
Total Deferred Tax Asset   7,608,943    10,944,000 
Less Valuation Allowance   7,608,943    10,944,000 
Net Deferred Income Taxes  $   $ 

 

NOTE 7– RENT OBLIGATION

 

Our corporate offices are located at 2915 Commers Drive, Suite 900, Eagan, Minnesota 55121.   On November 22, 2017, the Company signed a second amendment to our lease last amended on January 28, 2013. The lease as amended has a three-year term effective February 1, 2018 ending January 31, 2021. We lease 5,773 square feet at this location, of which 2,945 square feet is used for office space and 2,828 is used for manufacturing. Our lease is effective through January 31, 2021. We expect that this space will be adequate for our current office and manufacturing needs. Rent expense was $66,122 and $66,239 for 2017 and 2016, respectively.

 

The Company’s rent obligation for the next four years are as follows:

 

2018  $39,000 
2019  $40,000 
2020  $42,000 
2021  $3,000 

 

NOTE 8 - RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

The Audit Committee has the responsibility to review and approve all transactions to which a related party and the Company may be a party prior to their implementation, to assess whether such transactions meet applicable legal requirements.

 

One of the Company’s directors, Richard L. Gabriel, is the Chief Operating Officer and serves as a director of GLG Pharma (“GLG”). Another Company director, Tim Krochuk, is on the supervisory board for GLG. In September 20, 2016, the Company entered into a partnership and exclusive reseller agreement with GLG. Under the terms of the agreement, GLG would develop rapid diagnostic tests that utilize fluid and tissue collected by the STREAMWAY System during procedures. The Company agreed to issue an aggregate of 400,000 shares of common stock to GLG in four separate tranches of 100,000 shares of common stock in each tranche. The shares reserved in each tranche would be released after the achievement of certain development milestones designated in the agreement. In addition, the Company would pay a royalty to GLG on the sale of individual tests. Also, on November 1, 2016, the Company announced that it agreed to grant GLG exclusive rights to market and distribute the STREAMWAY System in the U.K. On November 2, 2016, the Company announced that it agreed to grant GLG the same rights in Poland and certain other countries in Central Europe. In April 2017, the partnership and exclusive reseller agreement and the distribution agreements between the Company and GLG were terminated.

 

NOTE 9 – RETIREMENT SAVINGS PLANS

 

We have a pre-tax salary reduction/profit-sharing plan under the provisions of Section 401(k) of the Internal Revenue Code, which covers employees meeting certain eligibility requirements. In fiscal 2016, and again in 2017, we matched 100%, of the employee’s contribution up to 4.0% of their earnings. The employer contribution was $29,952 and $33,143 in 2017 and 2016. There were no discretionary contributions to the plan in 2017 and 2016.

 

NOTE 10 – SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW DATA

 

Cash payments for interest were $0 and $3 for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.

 

F-17

NOTE 11 – SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

In January 2018, the Company completed a firm commitment underwritten public offering of 2,900,000 Units at an offering price of $0.95 per Unit, with each Unit consisting of one share of the Company’s Common Stock and 0.3 of a Series E Warrant, with each whole Series E Warrant purchasing one share of common stock at an exercise price of $1.00 per whole share. The shares of Common Stock and Series E Warrants were immediately separable and were issued separately. Gross proceeds were approximately $2,755,000, before deducting expenses. The Company granted the underwriter a 45-day option to purchase an additional (i) up to 290,000 additional shares of Common Stock at the public offering price per Unit less the price of the Series E Warrant included in the Units and less the underwriting discount and/or (ii) additional Series E Warrants to purchase up to 87,000 additional shares of common stock at a purchase price of $0.001 per Series E Warrant to cover over-allotments, if any. On February 21, 2018, the underwriter exercised on 215,247 shares of common stock, par value $0.01, at $0.9497 per share as described in the Underwriting Agreement. The Company received net proceeds of $188,066 after deductions of $16,354 representing the Underwriter’s discount of 8% of the purchase price of the shares.

 

On January 11, 2018, the Company entered into a share exchange agreement with Helomics Holding Corporation. Pursuant to the share exchange agreement Helomics issued 2,500,000 shares of its Series A Preferred Stock in exchange for 1,100,000 shares of Skyline’s common stock. Under the share exchange agreement, the Company has the right to convert $500,000 in secured notes into another 5% of Helomics’ outstanding shares, which would result in the Company owning 25% of Helomics outstanding stock. The secured notes are related to the Company’s previous loans of $500,000 to Helomics. The Skyline shares are being held in escrow by Corporate Stock Transfer, Inc. as escrow agent. While the Skyline shares are held in escrow, they will be voted as directed by the Company’s board of directors and management. The Skyline shares will be released to Helomics following a determination that Helomics’ revenues in any 12-month period have been equal or greater than $8,000,000. The Helomics Preferred Stock issued to the Company is convertible into an aggregate of 20% of the outstanding capital stock of Helomics. In addition, the terms of the Helomics Preferred Stock include certain protective provisions that require consent of the Company before Helomics may take certain actions, including issuing preferred stock senior to the Helomics Preferred Stock or entering into fundamental corporate transactions. The Company also has certain anti-dilution protections and the right to receive dividends.

 

On February 22, 2018, the Company completed a conversion of a portion of the principal amount of Notes owed by Helomics Holding Corporation and received an assignment of intellectual property. Immediately prior to the conversion, Helomics owed the Company $667,512.50. The Company converted $500,000 of the principal amount, including accrued interest thereon, into 833,333 shares of Common Stock of Helomics. Prior to the issuance of the Conversion Shares, the outstanding capital stock of Helomics consists of 2,500,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock owned by Precision and 10,000,000 shares of Common Stock. After the issuance of the Conversion Shares and upon full conversion of its Series A Preferred Stock, Precision now owns 3,333,333 shares of Helomics Common Stock, which represents 25% of the 13,333,333 now-outstanding shares of Helomics Common Stock. In consideration of the conversion, Helomics assigned to Precision all Helomics’ right, title and interest in the name “Precision Therapeutics”, including any related trademarks, trade names, logos and domain names, as well as all related artwork and other creative content related thereto. There will be a balance of $167,512.50 in Principal Amount remaining outstanding to the Company, which will remain subject to repayment with interest, consistent with the original terms of the Note. The Security Agreement shall remain in full force and effect with respect to the remaining balance of the Principal Amount.

 

On February 27, 2018, the Company formed a wholly owned subsidiary, TumorGenesis Inc., to develop the next generation of patient derived (“PDx”) tumor models for precision cancer therapy and drug development. The Company formed TumorGenesis Inc., to develop a new rapid approach to growing tumors in the laboratory, which essentially “fools” the cancer cells into thinking they are still growing inside the patient. This approach will provide a much more relevant model of the patient tumor that may be used for testing of drugs for personalized therapy or for the development of new drugs. Testing of the TumorGenesis PDx tumors will take place in collaboration with Helomics, in which Precision Therapeutics has a 25% equity stake. The Company is currently in negotiations to license their technology to advance TumorGenesis’s strategic plan. The Company has already executed license agreements with 48Hour Discovery Inc. and SyntArray, Inc.

 

NOTE 12 – INVESTMENT SECURITIES AND OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

 

The cost and fair values of investment securities available-for-sale at December 31, 2016 were as follows:

 

   December 31, 2016
Note Description  Cost  Gross
Unrealized
Gains
  Gross
Unrealized
Losses
  Fair Value
                     
Mutual Funds  $282,828   $1,501   $-   $284,329 

 

F-18

Schedule II

 

Valuation and Qualifying Accounts

 

(None)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

F-19


Exhibit 23.1

 

CONSENT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

We consent to the incorporation by reference in the following Registration Statements of our report, dated April 2, 2018, which expresses an unqualified opinion and includes an explanatory paragraph relating to the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern, appearing in this Annual Report on Form 10-K of Precision Therapeutics Inc. for the year ended December 31, 2017.

  

Registration Statements on Form S-8 Nos. 333-169556 relating to the 2008 Equity Incentive Plan, as amended; 333-175565 relating to the 2008 Equity Incentive Plan, as amended; 333-186464 relating to the 2012 Stock Incentive Plan; 333-188510 relating to the Amended and Restated 2012 Stock Incentive Plan; 333-198378 relating to the Amended and Restated 2012 Stock Incentive Plan; and 333-213742 relating to the Amended and Restated 2012 Stock Incentive Plan.

 

Registration Statement on Form S-3 No. 333-213766.

  

Olsen Thielen & Co., Ltd.

 

Roseville, Minnesota

April 2, 2018

 

 

EXHIBIT 31.1

 

CERTIFICATION

 

I, Carl Schwartz, certify that:

 

  1. I have reviewed this annual report on Form 10-K of Skyline Medical Inc.;

 

  2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

  3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

  4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15-d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

  a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

  b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

  c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

  d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

  5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s Board of Directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

  a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

  b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: April 2, 2018 /s/ Carl Schwartz
  Carl Schwartz
  Chief Executive Officer (Principal Executive Officer)

EXHIBIT 31.2

 

CERTIFICATION

 

I, Bob Myers, certify that:

 

  1. I have reviewed this annual report on Form 10-K of Skyline Medical Inc.;

 

  2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

  3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

  4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15-d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

  a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

  b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

  c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

  d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

  5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s Board of Directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

  a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

  b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date:  April 2, 2018 /s/ Bob Myers
  Bob Myers
  Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial Officer)

Exhibit 32.1

 

CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE OFFICER

AND PRINCIPAL FINANCIAL OFFICER

PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 906

OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

In connection with the Annual Report on Form 10-K of Skyline Medical Inc. (the "Company") for the year ended December 31, 2017 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the "Report"), I, Carl Schwartz, Chief Executive Officer, and I, Bob Myers, Chief Financial Officer, of the Company, certify, pursuant to § 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, 18 U.S.C. § 1350, that to our knowledge:

  

(1)  The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78m); and

 

(2)  The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

Date: April 2, 2018

 

/s/ Carl Schwartz   

Carl Schwartz

Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

 

/s/ Bob Myers   

Bob Myers

Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Financial Officer)